• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Contrasting Characterisation - One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest and Shawshank Redemption

Extracts from this document...


School Number 636 - SACE Number 868848X 3 Assessment Type 1: Shared Studies, Paired Texts ? Formal Essay ?Compare the ways in which the authors of two texts use contrast in characterisation to explore ideas.? Contrasts in characterisation are employed throughout Kesey?s One Flew Over the Cuckoo?s Nest and Darabont?s The Shawshank Redemption to explore key ideas, as well as fundamental themes of confinement, oppression, and sacrifice. Contrast in characterisation is plainly evident between the protagonists and antagonists of the respective texts, but perhaps more specifically in the contrast that occurs as each author develops their narrators; Kesey?s ?Bromden? and Darabont?s ?Red?. Both narrators experience a profound transformation, which becomes clear when contrasting their characters at the beginning to that of the end of the two texts. Bromden?s mental illness is prominent within the first half of Kesey?s text, but towards the completion of the novel has transformed to a condition of psychological strength with a heightened appreciation for life. Both authors rely heavily on their protagonists in order to provide the inspiration for this change. ...read more.


Darabont conveys Red?s aversion towards the notion of hope through the use of repetition, ?Hope? Let me tell you something, my friend. Hope is a dangerous thing. Hope can drive a man insane. It?s got no use on the inside. You better get used to that idea?. Kesey and Darabont both ensure that there is a prolonged contrast in the characterisation of their central characters, allowing the audience to appreciate the subtle but increasing influence over time that the two protagonists have on the narrators. Darabont relies on the use of his narrator, Red, similar to Kesey?s use of Bromden; primarily to explore fundamental ideas and themes of confinement and sacrifice. The audience grapples with the cruel nature of confinement based on Red?s recounts of his and Dufresne?s experiences in Shawshank prison. Additionally, it is conceded by Darabont that Red?s blatant rejection of hope is indicative of Shawshank Prison?s institutionalising effect, ?These walls are funny, first you hate them, then you start to get used to them. Eventually it gets so you rely on them. That?s institutionalised.? Dufresne unintentionally influences Red?s change in persona, which is quite unlike McMurphy?s extroverted behaviour in Kesey?s novel, ?Nobody?s sure ...read more.


Free. Nobody bothers coming after an AWOL, I knew?? Contrasting Bromden?s character from beginning to the end of One Flew Over the Cuckoo?s Nest allows the audience to examine Kesey?s idea that individuality is a powerful motivator. Darabont?s ideology that a leader is a provider of hope is portrayed through repetition, sound effects, and the contrast in Red?s character. Kesey and Darabont both present their respective ideas through contrast in characterisation, yet in very different ways. This disparity is primarily due to the difference in text types; resulting in Kesey?s reliance on the literary techniques of imagery and symbolism, and Darabont?s deliberate use of light and sound. Though the narrators are of critical importance in portraying their own transformations, the protagonists instigate the change and consequently develop the author?s ideologies with equal significance. One Flew Over the Cuckoo?s Nest and The Shawshank Redemption share a vast number of similarities in relation to their themes, whilst depicting divergent meaning due to the differing ideologies of the respective authors. Kesey?s and Darabont?s use of contrasts within the narrators supports the ideas present within the texts; allowing the audience to formulate their own beliefs about the importance of individuality and hope. Word Count ? 998 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The English Patient

    5 star(s)

    The English Patient, functioning together to create a web of inescapable structures that tie the characters to certain places and times despite their best efforts to evade such confinement. Alm�sy desperately tries to elude the force of nationality, living in the desert where he creates for himself an alternate identity, one in which family and nation are irrelevant.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    The strength of Much Ado About Nothing lies in its balance of contrasting elements

    4 star(s)

    However this relation has none of the depth of the relationship between Desdemona and Othello, in Shakespeare's tragedy Othello, so is no way near as effective and prevents Much Ado About nothing from containing the true tragic element. The romance of the two characters is on a very superficial level,

  1. Vulnerability is one of the key themes that is explored throughout Blakes poetry Songs ...

    show the contradiction of the church and how it is supposed to help and support people when really it does not. The church in "The Handmaid's Tale" is the excuse the leaders of Gilead give for doing what they are doing however as what they are doing is considered morally

  2. Compare the opening pages of The Bell Jar and One Flew Over the Cuckoos ...

    This delineates that Esther is unable to express herself; moreover, Plath's use of this oxymoron shows how Esther is on her path to being sexually, physically and emotionally bruised by the predicaments that she encounters. This is forecasted in the opening pages of the novel where Esther contemplates about what

  1. Explore the presentation of the individual against society in 'One Flew Over the Cuckoo's ...

    The Minister adopts a pragmatic approach to political problems, seeing in the Ludovico Technique a means of freeing up increasingly congested prison cells. His personal mantra, 'the point is that it works' demonstrates the cold, 'end justifying means' approach that Burgess was fiercely opposed to.

  2. Commentary to Text Transformation of Catcher in the Rye and Girl Interrupted

    I used this example in my transformation because of its link to the stigma of mental illness and integration into society after a period of mental illness. For example, 'Susanna Kaysen: YoungMinds have pointed me in the right direction. When I was discharged from the hospital I had trouble with

  1. Text Transformation - Collage of Catcher in the Rye and Girl Interrupted

    This is an outrageous figure and is almost double that of England. Thanks to you, since 2000, we have been able to expand our services more widely in Scotland and hope to improve these further with the money raised from tonight.

  2. Survival as a theme in "The Road" and two other works. Similar to McCarthy, ...

    in all out actions, as Thomas Hobes puts it we ?are materialistic and seek self-interest?. This bestial side is prominent in Lord of the Flies more evidently in Jack, whose primitive, animalistic and irrational nature becomes more domineering as the novel progresses.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work