• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Dehumanisation is often integral to dystopian novels, consider some of the ways in which this issue is presented by Huxley in Brave New World (1932) and by Orwell in 1984 (1949)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Dehumanisation is often integral to dystopian novels, consider some of the ways in which this issue is presented by Huxley in ?Brave New World? (1932) and by Orwell in 1984 (1949) The visionary dystopian novels, ?1984? and ?Brave New World depict dehumanising societies dominated by ruthless totalitarianism. The futuristic, radical and allegorical fantasies have different settings: ?Stalin?s Russia blends with bomb-scarred post-war Britain?[1] also recognisable through Oceania and ?the sanitised elysium?[2] of Seventh century AF. Both science fiction novels are cautionary, didactic and proleptic describing closed controlled societies radically repressing man?s human spirit. Their chillingly dehumanising realities portray insidious propaganda, revised histories, ?no use for old things here?[3] states Mond, whilst communal rituals and regulated sexual relationships ensure total obedience to oppressive regimes. Without total allegiance to omniscient Big Brother, ?It?s rats in the eyes for you?1 or the gentler ?exile to Iceland?1 for Huxley?s non-conformists: the poetically-minded Helmhotz is banished to the Falklands, for his ?limited creative dissent?[4] For Sherborne, Huxley?s parody of Well?s, Men Like Gods challenges the overconsumption and consumerism of the United States. 1984, a political prolemic, perhaps generated by Orwell?s final illness and the Cold War denies individual freedom: in a bleak, ironic and apocalyptic scenario where ?Individuality has become obsolete and personality a crime?[5]only the economically and socially deprived proles ?stayed human?[6]. ...read more.

Middle

The Controller?s comparison with innuendo ?as dangerous as it is beneficent?3 justifies the Bokanovsky Process, systematically denying embryos human identity and free will exemplified by the perfunctory, automated ?standard men and women in uniform batches?,3 rhythmically and syllabically stressed. Current stem cell research and proposed three-person IVF legislation juxtaposes ethics and eugenics, The Times? uses mechanistic imagery: ?Huxley?s wholesale eugenics? babies are mass-produced with the same cold efficiency as cars. Brave New World?s inhabitants are technologically engineered denied creativity, individuality and imagination?.[10] Huxley?s word play parodies scientific terminology, combining Maurice Bokhanowski, a French minister of commerce juxtaposed with Ivan Bokanowsky, a Russian revolutionary. Both authors satirise religion portraying dehumanisation. The Two Minutes Hate violently parodies a religious service in a ?deliberate drowning of consciousness?,6 a collective brainwashing; emphasised by alliteration and water imagery. A worshipper blasphemously addresses Big Brother as ?My Saviour?6. Conversely ironic religious perversion is suggested by Emmanuel Goldstein ?Enemy of the People?6 although ?Emmanuel? means Messiah. Goldstein?s democratic beliefs, ?freedom of speech? the press? assembly?6 are subverted into inhuman euphemisms through the compound nouns ?Doublethink?, ?Thoughtcrime? and the ironically cruel and antithetical slogan ?Freedom is Slavery?6. ...read more.

Conclusion

You will be hollow. We shall squeeze you empty and then we shall fill you with ourselves?6 because ?reality exists? not in the individual mind? only in the mind of the Party, collective and immortal?6 denying intrinsic humanity. Sherborne hypothesises homosexuality between O?Brien and Winston, who ?did not want to be loved so much as to be understood?7 paradoxically stimulated by the Brotherhood and Room 101. The rat torture, graphically described through assonance, ?foul musty odour of the brutes?6 reduced Winston to a ?screaming animal? a black panic?6. DJ Taylor documents Orwell?s horror with vermin through experiences in Burma, the Spanish Civil War and on Jura, noting Orwell?s exposure of ?human vulnerability in the face of vicious animal intelligence?12 in 1984. 1984 and Brave New World?s dehumanising dystopias juxtapose the Greek ?eu-topos? good place? and ?ou-topos? no place?.2 The Arab Spring?s aspiring democratic rebellions ironically resulted in ideological autocracies, undermining human rights, barbarously exemplified by ISIS in Syria. In January 2013 Philip Collins wrote ?Orwell endures because his nightmare do too?[13]: the adjective ?Orwellian? implies dehumanisation. Both Huxley and Orwell satirically depict dehumanisation through subversive characterisation, vivid imagery and innovative manipulation of language, overturning our preconceptions of man?s essential dignity. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The English Patient

    5 star(s)

    That's why we get on so well together." (Ondaatje, M., 1994: 188-9) In fact, the four main characters of the novel could be considered as "international bastards", since all of them were born in a place but are now living in another country. Hana and Caravaggio are from Canada, the patient is Hungarian, Kip is Indian, and the four are living in Italy.

  2. Comment on the writers presentation of loneliness and companionship in the novels The Old ...

    Furthermore Martel makes use of vivid imagery to elaborately place the animal's importance for Pi "silver diamond doves, Cape glossy starlings, peach-faced lovebirds". The use of alliteration shows Pi's deep observation, seeking acceptance from nature. Hemmingway presents the theme of nature in comparison to Martel, which is used to comfort

  1. Compare Faustus and Everyman

    clowns,' they have to employ a certain level of intelligence and education to understand the symbolism and allegory present in the play. We can acknowledge the play of Doctor Faustus as one from the Elizabethan period as its verbs differ from modern day usage, with phrases such as "What see you?"

  2. Compare the ways in which Aldous Huxley in Brave New World and Anthony Burgess ...

    last the child's mind is these suggestions, and the sum of the suggestion is the child's mind.' Drugs are also used in Huxley's dystopia as a form of control. The use of 'soma' in Huxley's novel is to keep unhappiness at bay and when Bernard refuses to take the soma

  1. Totalitarianism and Censorship in 1984 and Fahrenheit 451

    The main characters are, or become, unable to conform to the society's standards and the characters represent the authors' view of the 'utopia' as they see it with the veil of ignorance removed. The authors of both these novels saw the 'utopian' societies to be a trap for weak-minded publics,

  2. Compare the ways in which Larkin and Duffy present the reality of love.

    There is, however, some use of irony in this line as well, as the phrases ?still promising? and ?in order? , which are supposed to reflect the idealistic nature of an all-powerful love, instead emphasise how the feelings of love fail to live up to its promises ?to solve, and satisfy?.

  1. How is Madness presented through the protagonist in The Yellow Wallpaper compared to The ...

    reaction against the social pressure of convention; it could be seen as a form of protest. Esther comments ?the silence depressed me. It wasn't the silence of silence. It was my own silence? this is a deep insight to Esther?s suicidal depression, considering she works for a magazine the idea

  2. Compare the ways Brian Friel presents ideas about divided identity in Making History with ...

    fought with Ireland years on in the Battle of Kinsale, which is what the entire play is based around. The Genistas reminds me of Mr. Hayward?s obsessing over his roses, although a different, frightening, tension is portrayed with him doing this.Frayn uses repetition and lists when describing Keith?s work on

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work