• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the nature of the trenches. Explain why it was an effective method of defence.

Extracts from this document...


20th October 2004 Yr.10 Essay Describe the nature of the trenches. Explain why it was an effective method of defence. Trenches were first introduced during World War 1, the sole purpose of the trenches being, a strong method of defence. When both armies of equal strength met, deadlock/ stalemate occurred (end of 1914). The war of movement ended, this resulted in soldiers in digging holes, roughly 3metres in height and 1.5metres wide, known as trenches, for protection along the front line. Soldiers built trenches because men wanted to find shelter from the weight and firepower of modern arms and artillery, as underground was the best hope of survival. This was the introduction of the first trenches during the stalemate, towards the end of 1914. Trench systems, though initially made for the purpose of where men stood whilst the fighting died away, became more complex. The original trenches were developed to a point where trench system became a strong method of defence during the war. ...read more.


The rifle was the standard weapon given to every soldier, shooting around 5-10 shots before reloading. The Machine gun was one of the most effective weapons of defense, and was developed from the rifle, though it was much heavier, it was a lot more deadly, firing several hundred rounds a minute, killing thousands of men, the single biggest killing weapon. Gas was a new weapon used in the war. First used by German troops, at the second battle of Ypres (1915). Gas could either be fired in cylinders depending on the wind, or fired in shells. Chlorine and phosgene were the most commonly used gases, used by both sides. Both chlorine and phosgene as worked by suffocating the lung of oxygen. Mustard gas was the worst, it effects; rot the body, blistered skin, the lining of the stomach stripped, though the effects would not be noticeable until after a few hours. ...read more.


Their hopes were to break through with weight of numbers. The trenches first came about by being built by the soldiers fighting in the war, as a defense method. The war was fought from trenches as it was an effective defence method from the new weapons introduced in the First World War. The weapons were; rifles, machine guns, gas, hand grenades, tanks, submarines, airplanes (aircraft), these weapons lead to the first trenches being made, making the trenches an effective method of defence. Tactics of the senior officers lead to many unnecessary deaths, though the trenches protected the men, lack of knowledge about the new weapons lead the senior officers to send their armies "over the top" of the trenches. In my opinion, I think the trenches were an effective method of defence because, due to the trenches system the war resulted in a stalemate, this gave time for the advance of weapons and development of which I think finally won the war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. Coursework on Trenches

    Over two million British citizens volunteered to fight for Great Britain. I believe this showed great support and character by the British. Soldiers went into the war knowing a great achievement would earn them the highest merit possible - the Victoria Cross.

  2. The development of a Stalemate

    The new weapons changed the face of warfare but failed to create a breakthrough on the western front. Despite this they still had a massive impact on the war as artillery like howitzers had a range of thirteen kilometres which meant that you could shell your enemy from miles away.

  1. How effective are the opening chapters of "Cold Mountain"?

    This enables us to see how Inman feels he cannot discuss certain aspects of the war with other people - he cannot say them aloud but is troubled by them in his mind. The letters written by each character work as narrative devices in that they allow the reader to

  2. Production of chlorine

    In the industry there is needed a more qualified personnel because there are more risks which can occur while as in the laboratory the risks are less. Also in the industry there is much air pollution where the employees need to be more careful.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work