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Describe the ways in which women's work in the home contributed to the war effort

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Introduction

Describe the ways in which women's work in the home contributed to the war effort. (15 marks) Women's work at home contributed to the war effort, in many ways, but they were also under a lot of pressure and stress, due to their husband's absence, as they had been sent to fight in the war. The women had to play the man's and women's role at home and in society. Their contribution to the war effort was partly their responsibility to keep their houses and families safe. Women had to deal with war time shortages by a method that was introduced to them in January 1940, which was known as 'rationing'. Rationing was the limiting of items that was in shortage in the country due to German 'U' boats destroying merchant ships and blocking the goods coming in from Canada and the US, which were carrying foods and essential supplies. The aim the Germans had, were to starve Britain till it surrendered. ...read more.

Middle

'Making do' added to the war effort in a way that it saved up more resources for the army, navy and the air forces of the country. Apart from contributing to the war effort in such ways, women also had to keep their families and homes safe. Many Children and young mothers were evacuated to the countryside, where households would accept them under their protection from night-time bombing raids, in the cities. In towns and cities, women had to make sure their homes were compiled with Air Raid Precautions (ARP). Windows at home were blacked out at night, taped to stop glass flying and injuring anyone, in case of any bombing raids. Doors also had to be sealed against gas. Homes had to consist of Anderson shelters dug into the back of their gardens. They were used for emergency, in case a bomb blast had exploded their houses. For safety the shelters were assembled together by six corrugated steel sheets bolted together, with steel plates at either end. ...read more.

Conclusion

The thing that most pressurised them and also the most successful was probably the rationing and keeping homes safe with Air Raid Precautions (ARP), with things like first-aid kit's, blackout curtains, taping and blocking the windows with sand bags. This maintained the safety in the country, so as said before, there was fewer burden put on to the hospitals. So the hospitals were able to focus more on the injured soldiers from the army, rather than the minor injuries of the civilians that could be treated with first-aid kits, and who would only be taking up space in the hospitals. There was also rationing in different ways that added to the war effort, as this meant less imports had to come from abroad, also meaning that the soldiers had more resources to use as the women 'made do' all their clothes etc. I specifically chose these two points to show how much the government needed women to help the war effort. As this not only added to the war cycle of saving up on resources for themselves, the country, and the soldiers, but also had a great role over Britain's victory in the war. By: Saimecan Ali Y/10-17 ...read more.

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