• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the view that Tony Lumpkin in "She Stoops to Conquer"is nothing more than a comic country bumpkin.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Discuss the view that Tony Lumpkin is nothing more than a comic country bumpkin. (40) Traditionally the pastoral genre celebrates the virtues of simple, unsophisticated life far from the city or court, in which the population is stereotyped as unintelligent and fatuitous. Tony is characterised as jovial and carefree through language and form. He is uninhibited and is interested in ?fun going forward? without being diverted by any sense of commitment, ?mother, I cannot stay?, which mirrors the unpredictability of nature and country. Through characterisation, Goldsmith uses Tony?s character as a symbol for the simple, idyllic country life where drinking, enjoyment and singing are paramount. Although Goldsmith challenges this stereotype of the rural population through the character of Tony throughout She Stoops to Conquer and subsequently illuminates the theme of opinion vs. reality. Goldsmith?s nominalisation of Tony Lumpkin initially presents his character as stereotypic of a simple country dweller. ?Lumpkin? could be a subtle indication of Tony?s figure. ?Lump? suggests that Tony is a stout man, which reflects his uninhibited lifestyle lead in the country; relaxing and singing songs in the Three Pigeons, ?toroddle, toroddle, toroll?. This mirrors Third Century idealised pastoral life in which shepherds and shepherdesses enjoyed a life of blissful ease, thus presenting Tony as an unsophisticated character who lacks the refinement of a man of the town ?bred a scholar?. ...read more.


The dramatic irony of the situation relays to the audience the comedy and wit of Tony?s conversation. Contrarily, Mrs Hardcastle remains ignorant to the whole ruse, contrasting Tony?s aptitude for the situation, which presents him as superior and separate from the ignorance of the other country dwellers. Goldsmith embellishes this subtle superior presentation of Tony through the utilisation of stage directions. At the alehouse Tony is seated ?a little higher than the rest?, which presents him as having relative authority over the other ?fellows?. Furthermore, his song creates a harmony within the group and unites the men, which Goldsmith shows through the unanimous ?hurrah? said by ?omnes?; Latin for ?all?. Both devices present Tony as a figure resembling a shepherd, protective of his flock. Despite the pastoral connotations this presentation of Tony shows him to have relative power and authority, separating him from the other doric characters and thus suggesting he is more than a comic country bumpkin. Alternatively, Vicki Janik describes Tony as ?the most ignorant of the country bumpkins?. Through Mrs Hardcastle, Goldsmith reveals that Tony isn?t well educated, 'I don?t think a boy wants much learning.? Tony?s lack of education and structure in life; indulged by his doting mother, has resulted in his ?consumptive figure? and his occasional lack of awareness. ...read more.


Furthermore, Tony helps his cousin retrieve her jewels; which are her ?fortune?, so she may leave with Hastings. Tony quickly agrees to ?clap a pair of horses to (their) chaise?, in aid. This generosity demonstrated through the plot to retrieve Constance?s jewels implies that Tony?s character may be more complex than originally believed to be. Similarly, Tony clarifies that he ?want(s) no nearer relationship? with his cousin and therefore Tony?s acceptance to ?assist? Hastings and his proposal to ?whip (Constance) off to France? can be interpreted as a selfish, anti-pastoral act to be rid of Constance. The rural population are seen to be welcoming and sympathetic, rather than narcissistic and under-handed which is how Goldsmith characterises Tony through the nature of this plot, which suggests that Tony is in fact the complete polar opposite of a country bumpkin. Despite the comedic trait of Tony?s character being indisputable, seeing as he is usually at the heart of the farce in this play. Throughout She Stoops to Conquer, Goldsmith clearly opposes the stereotypes of the country folk through the character of Tony Lumpkin. Initially, Tony is seemingly rather plain and peaceful; mimetic of the country, but his character develops throughout the play into a more complicated personality, so much more than a country bumpkin. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Play Writes section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Play Writes essays

  1. The Birthday Party, a comedy of menace (Pinter)

    Their exchanges, for example, the dialogue revolving around Stanley calling Meg a "succulent old washing bag" and Meg's reaction to it, seeming to believe that it's a rude word is quite funny for the audience as again it highlights her silliness but makes their relationship even stranger as she speaks

  2. Max characterisation - The Homecoming

    Lenny is aware of the possibility that Max is not his biological father, highlighted when he asks Max about "that night"; the night of his conception. By Sam saying that he was "driving her about" it is suggested that Jessie was on the game, and that Sam drove her various meetings.

  1. Futility of existence in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead

    They have no narrative history and don't know who they are, they are not even aware that they have no narrative history. They question their purpose, this could be linked to Existentialism as it links to the question of 'who are we?'

  2. In the country, people are forced to confront their faults and lead a more ...

    Despite this, it is the rudeness of Marlow and Hastings which arouses these feelings in Hardcastle through curt demands for ?warm punch?. This reflects a primary theme in the pastoral genre of the town corrupting the country, since Hardcastle is cordial towards his servants as Goldsmith refers to each by

  1. The Presentation of the Legal Establishment in "Murmuring Judges" by David Hare.

    It happens.? to Irina. He is showing that he has inside knowledge of Sir Peter?s personal life as well as his work life, and that he himself isn?t an outsider, but an insider. This again, relates back to the slightly pathetic, self-absorbed power struggle constantly going on in this competitive job.

  2. Comment on Sherriff's presentation of Stanhope in the first two acts of Journey's End.

    Stanhope is clearly as fastidious about the trench?s tidiness as he is about his own, complaining outright about the ?blasted mess those fellows left the trenches in [?] it?s perfectly foul.? However, the fact that his first call is for whisky, ?damn the soup!? it is clear that what Hardy said about him is true.

  1. Through the selection of three characters in 'Journey's End' examine how Sherriff presents human ...

    During these conversations the Colonel frequently pauses ("There is a pause", "another pause" etc.). This indicates that he feels uncomfortable with what he is saying and with the loss of life, but prefers to ignore the issue rather than speak up or alter the plans.

  2. Alice in Wonderland timeless themes. Lewis Carrol published Alice in Wonderland in 1865 ...

    While it is based on the second Lewis Carroll novel, the two stories barely match up. This transformation is action packed, much darker, and the imaging much more vivid than the previous versions. Reasons for this change would be both advancements in imaging technology, change in society's expectations, and also the history of the director.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work