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Dubliners, death and paralysis

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Introduction

"Joyce depicts Dublin as a place of death and paralysis" Joyce see's Dublin as being paralysed and dead he blames the British rule and the Cathoic Church for Dublin's flawed and seedy nation. Joyce see's Dublin as being full of untrustworthy peope. A lot of characters in his stories are not to be trusted for example: Lennhen and Corley in The Two Gallants and the Peadophile in An Encounter. He felt life in Dublin had many limitations and this frustrated him. Which is why he makes death and paralysis very evident in the stories of The Dubliner's, possibly to try to identify the cause of Dublin's paralysis or to offer solutions. Joyce provides this theory through his use of characters, colours and decay. Charles Stewart Parnell an Irish MP who led the Irish Parliamentary Party was campaining in the later 19th century to persuade the British parliament to allow Ireland to govern itself (HomeRule.) After his death in 1891 the campaign for Home Rule was weakened severly. That resulted, in Irish political life was without clear direction throughout the 1890's and the first decade of the 20th century. ...read more.

Middle

old life, caught in the paralysis of the city.Their is also a reference to religion in "Eveline" when we were told "the priest is in Melbourne now" Poeple were banished to Melbourne for commiting crimes so the priest may have been banished showing corruption in the cathoic church. It coud also be that The priest could have escaped from Dublin life, like Eveline was hoping to do. Mr James Duffy the main character of 'a painful case' is an extermely organised man, he leads a solidary life and is content in doing so. Mr Duffy is also very pompous and self rightous, the evidence for this is during his time spent with Mrs Sincio, he is always trying to teach her about literature and music to better her. His relationship with Mrs Sinnco is a disruption to his orderly life, a situation hev feels he cannot control and that he feels he has to end for fear of change to his life. Joyce's use of colour in a painful case helps the reader to imangine Mr Duffy's life. His hazel walking stick, the beer and biscuits he eats, a rotten apple that is yellow and then brown (I feel that the apple is a symbolism of Mr Duffy decayed brown and rotten and unwanted.) ...read more.

Conclusion

Lenehan and Corley are both spirtualy dead in this story, they are scamming to get what they want, which in my opionion Joyce thought was quite typical of the people of Dublin using betrayel to make money, duping maids into stealing from their employers. Every main character in the three stories that I choose had deep moral and spritual paralysis and spritual death, with each character having a decision or situation which either inhibitits their well being or self estem and prohibits their ability to move forward. All three stories that I studied didn't have a happy ending, Joyce saw Dublin to never have a happy ending so he shows this in his stories. Dubliners are paralysed from acting or living decisively or even consciously. Joyce once told his brother stonislaus 'the city is suffering from hemiplegia of the will' (Stuart Gilbert, ed. the letters of James Joyce, Faber 1957.) He also described his intention to write The Dubliners as the desire 'to betray the soul of the hemiplegia or paralysis which may consider a city.' The theme of praralysis and death is evident in every story in the Dubliners which I have come to the conclusion that this the way Joyce see's Dublin as a dead city diseased with paralysis, a city which one would want to escape from. Gemma Benson 22/11/09 ...read more.

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