• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Dysarthria and Aphasia.

Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  • Essay length: 1594 words
  • Submitted: 17/09/2004
Share this essay:
AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks

The first 200 words of this essay...

Running Head: DYSARTHRIA AND APHASIA

Dysarthria and Aphasia

[Name of the Author]

[Name of the Institution]

Dysarthria and Aphasia

Dysarthria

Definition

Dysarthrias or commonly known as Dysarthria, refers to a group of speech problems where sounds may be slurred, and speech may be slow or effortful. Noticeable changes in pitch, volume, and tempo of speech occur. Speech can become nasal, and the voice can sound either breathy or harsh.

Dysarthria occurs in both children and adults. Yorkston, Strand, Miller, Hillel, and Smith (1993) found reduction in speaking rate to be the strongest predictor of decrease in speech intelligibility.

Etiology

Dysarthria is related to neuromuscular diseases such as cerebral palsy, Parkinson's, Lou Gehrig's disease, or later stages of multiple sclerosis. It can also occur from stroke, brain injury, and tumors. The exact speech problem that occurs depends on the part of the nervous system that is affected. Degenerative disease due to the effects of upper and lower motor neuron changes; the speech of individuals with ALS is classified as mixed (spastic and flaccid) dysarthria (Duffy, 1995).

A number of subsystems must work together, for

Read more
The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.