• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Effects of World War II on the lives of the civilian population

Extracts from this document...


Sam Stalbow 11Y History Coursework - Aoi/ii Knowledge. Effects of World War II on the lives of the civilian population At 11:15 a.m. on the 3rd September 1939, Neville Chamberlain, the British Prime Minister announced over radio 6 words, 'Britain is at war with Germany'. The Second World War had begun. This was not just a soldier's war. It was a total war where men, women and children all played an important role in the war effort on the home front. Due to the extensive bombing of the British cities, families realised the situation was becoming too dangerous for children to remain at home. Many families decided to send their children by train to parts of the countryside to be looked after by people living there. An evacuee was sent by train carrying a gas mask with first aid, sandwiches, apples, emergency sandwiches, spare socks, a mackintosh and chocolate. Also they had labels displaying their school, destination and home address. After France fell in June 1940. Britain was threatened with a German invasion. Places like Canada and USA offered to take in British children. The British Government set up a scheme to send children overseas. To stop complaints, a quota was imposed that three quarters of the children had to come from publicly funded schools. ...read more.


At the outbreak of WWII in 1939, the British government ordered that cinemas, theatres and dance halls were to close after 6:00pm. Football matches were totally stopped. This ban forced people to remain at home in the evenings. Because they could not go out at night, the British peoples morale began to fade. The government quickly realised this and that people needed entertainment to take their minds of the hardships of the war. The government lifted the ban in early 1940. Once the ban was lifted, people started to go out more and their morale rose again. Going to the cinema was a regular treat for many British people. A large number went to the cinema twice a week. Most cinemas' showed patriotic films and real life documentaries, their aim was to create faith in the British people and the raise their country spirit. The most popular films showed in cinemas' though were from the USA. Love stories, comedies and gangster stories. The reasons for these being more popular are that they took the British peoples minds of the war and forget about the bombings for the evening. Unfortunately, the rationing of petrol and the blackout made travelling to the cinema difficult for people who did not live in the towns. ...read more.


and helped to direct anti-aircraft gunfire. The Women's Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) worked as mechanics on aircraft and operated barrage balloons. The Women's Royal Naval Service (The Wrens) served onboard ship and on shore as radio operators and ambulance drivers. Even after the war ended in 1945 the effects continued on the British people. Rationing continued as the British supplies and goods had not yet been totally replenished. Once Britain's supplies were functioning properly and being shipped in rationing stopped. Also, most towns and cities were left with the destruction and damage that had to be reconstructed. Families came to towns to find their houses or streets that now no longer existed. Children came back without parents, parents came home without children, soldiers returned without family, wives were missing husbands. Britain was in mourning as well as celebrating. Soldiers that returned home found themselves facing problems. Some soldiers had mental illness from the horror they had been through, some had physical disabilities and even personality changes. This changed their way of life totally. Also, soldiers returning home may not be used to their wives new found independency. This could sometimes cause tension and even marriage break-ups in some cases. On July 5th, 1945, a general election was held in Britain. Winston Churchill stood against Clement Attlee. Attlee won. The reason for this was that Attlee promised to set up the Welfare State to reduce the terrible poverty in Britain. Sam Stalbow 11Y ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. How was civilian life affected during world war 2?

    During the Blitz roughly two million children were moved to villages in the country. Here they lived with the villagers. For every child moving from a big city to the country was a new experience.

  2. In what ways were the lives of people at home affected by the First ...

    that in order to win this war and conquer Germany everyone had to work together. Throughout the war politics played a major role in controlling the affects of the impact that the war had on people. A coalition of all parties was set up for the people in order to


    scrap parts of metal, sandbags were also used to build your own shelter, the advantage of having a shelter in your back garden is because its closer to run to than your local tube station as it says in source 2 general queues formed from 7:30 in the morning just

  2. The impact of bombing during WWII

    A.J.P Taylor was a renowned historian who wrote the above extract in one of his many historical textbooks. He had a lifetime of historical research indicating his work would be thorough, and had experienced the war, which probably influenced his opinion on certain matters concerning the lives of ordinary people.

  1. Conscription in the WWII.

    Forcing men to conscript is therefore defeating certain religious beliefs against their will and against what they have lived their life defending. Although this is what many believed and still do, they also had to consider within their religion, what God would do.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941?

    Later in 1941, as the Blitz continued over large cities of Britain, the Morrison Shelter was introduced. Unlike the Anderson Shelters these could be erected indoors and by the end of the year 500,000 had been distributed. Further, there was a real fear in Britain that Nazi German bombers would drop poison gas bombs.

  1. What is meant by the term 'The Blitz'.

    Children from the city were often very skinny and undernourished and when they were evacuated often had much more food, and much healthier food to keep them strong. Some would go home looking completely different to how they looked when they went.

  2. Describe the Effects War Had On Medicine.

    The discovery of infection wasn't until after the renaissance and this war was one of the reasons leading up to this discovery. In fact the discovery was made even after the Crimean war took place but similarly to this 16th century war that Par´┐Ż was involved in, the medical improvements

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work