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Enduring Love by Ian McEwan How important are the Appendices in the novel? The opening of a novel is vital, as it sets the foundations for the story to come.

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Enduring Love by Ian McEwan How important are the Appendices in the novel? The opening of a novel is vital, as it sets the foundations for the story to come. In "Enduring Love" the ending (The appendices) is just as important. The appendices are important in many aspects. Together they are a conclusion to the story, the classic 'happy ending' that all readers desire. Thus without them the novel would not conform to McEwan cyclic structure. Starting and ending with love that is endured or love that is enduring. Appendix 1 is factual; allowing the reader to amass their own opinions, independent of character influence. It is also McEwan's tool to ensure that the reader understands the full story by providing facts and background information that link with how the characters have portrayed certain aspects of the story. Appendix 2 is emotional linking back to the theme of Enduring Love also it maintains the importance of letters in the novel. The Appendices also carry the motif of the story, the theme of Enduring Love, but additional themes are outlined such as Appearance Vs Reality, Fact Vs Fiction. But deeper within the text are references linked to reality and reiteration that writing, in whatever form, can be deceiving because writing is art and is therefore based on the creativity of the writer. The Appendices are vital to this novel because most readers like a happy ending. ...read more.


Unlike in 1st person narration, where the narrator is a character in the story and bases his description upon his state of mind, the 3rd person narrator does not describe his or her role in the action and has no individual connection with the text and therefore is more reliable. There are many instances in the text where the reader may question Joe's reliability; he makes errors as it is a recount from memory. In the restaurant he described the flavour of his sorbet as "lime, just to the green side of white", later at the police station when asked whether it was "apple or vanilla" he said it was "apple". So the reader may not trust Joe's judgement, including the assumption that "the flash of a white shoe and a bit of red" belonged to Parry because he had seen him the day before wearing "box-fresh trainers tied with red laces". So appendix one brings about the truth behind the story. The case study is fact based; there is no reference to emotion, no opinions and no theory, just what seems to be pure fact. McEwan uses this to give the reader a chance to engage with the text and form their own opinions. This may alter the readers' impression of the characters. In hindsight they may sympathise more with Parry after insight to his background. The fact that he was "an intense and lonely child" with "no father to boast about" that grew up with "no close friendships" may explain why he became a de Cl�rambault's sufferer. ...read more.


It depends only on the style the writer uses. Different types of writers use different styles. Joe could not write a love letter because his style of writing was rational and he lacked the emotional flare needed to write a love letter. But this did not mean he did not love Clarissa he was just unable to express his love through his writing. McEwan uses the appendices to show the reader the reality of the art of writing. The reader is led to believe that the case study is true fact. The names Wenn and Camia (the psychologist responsible for writing the case study) are an anagram of Ian McEwan. So the case study is in fact fiction. McEwan uses this to show that it does not matter what type of writing it is, whether it is a literature piece, a case study, an article by a journalist, a love letter or a poem. You cannot be sure if it is reliable. All writers are artists and their media is their canvas. Their work will always be influenced by their expressiveness, their creativity and their purpose. The case study was written for a purpose, to provide a believable ending to the story and clear up any doubt. It was too perfectly formed to be true life, the curtains, the links, and the letters all perfectly mastered to fool the reader. ?? ?? ?? ?? Boden Dollie 1 English Literature ...read more.

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