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AS and A Level: Other Criticism & Comparison

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 11
  • Peer Reviewed essays 1
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  1. Peer reviewed

    Discuss the view that The Great Gatsby and 1984 concern the attempt of an impossible idealism to realise itself in a grossly materialistic world.

    3 star(s)

    The greatest idealism within The Great Gatsby is the pursuit of happiness and dreams. Gatsby having been so desperate to achieve his dream that he placed every ounce of his effort into building himself into a strong economic and social figure. The pursuit of this dream and the effect that it had upon him as a driving force and to have created and achieved as much as he did, shows the power of aspiration. However, this novel grows to be especially hedonistic in its portrayal of life, as it seems as though the majority have become hopelessly preoccupied with the acquisition of their own "happiness".

    • Word count: 836
  2. Discuss and analyze the dramatic impact you feel the setting of the two selected plays has upon characters and audiences

    The production was set in 1916 during the Battle of Somme, but was in fact written in 1981. Accrington Pals setting at the home front is representative of the working class at the time despite it being written in 1981. The context has much more realistic portrayal. However in Journeys End is excluded, as the predominant of the men are officers are from middle or upper class backgrounds. Journeys End challenges the expectations of middle classes during the war. Its trying to destroy all stereotypes depending on whether the characters were from upper, middle or working classes, how officers should be placed in their rightful rank instead of being placed higher up in the hierarchy due to their wealth.

    • Word count: 799
  3. Free essay

    How do the texts you have studied explore the notions of freedom and responsibility? Both Frankenstein and Bladerunner explore the moral implications of usurping the role of God with unrestrained scientific experimentation.

    Scott lived in a time of rapid technological growth that was driven by profit. Businesses and multi-national co operations that focused solely on enormous profits as well as developments in genetic engineering gave rise to much consumerism and greed. The character of Dr Tyrell is an embodiment of the large companies' irresponsible obsession with profit. Tyrell displays a scientific hubris, not unlike that of Victor Frankenstein, although Tyrell's actions are fuelled by his profit driven postmodern era.

    • Word count: 493
  4. Comparison of Twelfth Night by and All my sons

    In 'twelfth night', the desire for love from the duke Orsino is highlighted at the very beginning. Orsino's hunger for love, music being 'the food of love', and the metaphors 'excess' and 'surfeit' all emphasize on the overwhelming feelings of love. It can also be said that the hyperbole in his language suggests a passionate obsession with being in love, we are then later aware of his object of love (Olivia), but she is not mentioned until line 20. The paradox 'dying fall 'contradicts his feelings, changes tone and emphasizes the effect of having 'excess' of love and it subsequently dying, like the appetite.

    • Word count: 598
  5. Comparison of extracts from I love to hear the crows go by by John Clare and Sons and lovers by D. H. Lawrence.

    Lawrence's novel extract's effective use of an omniscient narrative gives us a descriptive account of the characters feelings and their natural surroundings to depict a growing sexuality between the two characters. The theme of nature and Lawrence's imagery of nature are used to intimately bond these two characters. Clare's love for nature is evident from the very beginning, his use of 'I love' highlights his feelings towards the 'crows' and 'birds'. Clare's love for nature is also highlighted in his use of imagery; The use of human senses (synaesthesia)

    • Word count: 581
  6. Free essay

    What similarities can you find between Cormac McCarthys The Road and John Steinbecks Grapes of Wrath?

    Moreover both authors create a foreboding atmosphere by using very desolate phrases to describe the surroundings. For example Another similarity in both novels is the use of pathetic fallacy. There is lots of visual imagery being used in the opening of both novels. Another literary device used is personification. Steinbeck writes "the last rains falls on the "scarred earth". Moreover there are lots of similes being used by both writers. For example McCarthy writes "the banished sun circles the earth like a grieving mother with a lamp." Similarly Steinbeck writes "the sun was as red as ripe new blood".

    • Word count: 604
  7. 'In Cold Blood' and 'Frankenstein'. Compare how Capote and Shelley use different techniques for characterisation and their use of emotive, figurative language with the use of repition to show the theme of wasted lives

    The novel is an account of the events but also contains elements of Capote's creativity therefore it is hard to tell whether it is fictional or factual. 'Frankenstein' on the other hand is a non fictional novel which is still read and appreciated today as it is of a gothic genre. 'Frankenstein' was written in 1818 when science was seen as exciting but also dangerous as it was trespassing on the territory of God. The early 19th century was a time which generated exceptional events and ideas therefore it must have been quite interesting to read 'Frankenstein'.

    • Word count: 929
  8. Analysis of Robert Cormiers We All fall Down and John N. Smiths Dangerous Minds.

    As the story moves towards its climax the narratives begin to merge. In Cormier's We All Fall Down Buddy felt the need to lie to Jane about his drinking 'had to keep Jane from the knowledge of my drinking'. With the technique of alternating points of view, Cormier has explained Buddy's true motives of lying 'because the world is sometimes a rotten place and it takes all the rotten things away' this makes the responder feel sympathy for Buddy. Dangerous Minds also portrays lies during juxtaposition. It is a result of juxtaposition that the responder is able to be informed of the lies created by the composer.

    • Word count: 932
  9. Human relationships, whether in the public or private arena are about power and control. Power is essentially a struggle for control. This essay will attempt to prove these ideas in relation to the play, Julius Caesar and the documentaries, The Men who Ki

    The play begins when Caesar has defeated Pompey and we understand that this is merely a political move toward a greater degree of power and control. We further observe how he tried to maintain this absolute power by silencing Marullus and Flavius, who are seen as obstacles to his success. The relationship between Cassius and Caesar is also one dominated by power and control. Cassius' reason for trying to kill Caesar is that he does not want Caesar to hold such high levels of power and control.

    • Word count: 912
  10. The essence of powerplay is that those who inspire also create powerful enemies. This essay will attempt to prove this statement in relation to the play, Julius Caesar, the documentaries, The Men who Killed Kennedy and Hitler and the film, Wag the Dog.

    However, with this inspiration he created powerful enemies in Cassius and the other conspirators. He was brave, successful and generous and the citizens loved him. But some of the senators and aristocracy were afraid that he would become a tyrant and make slaves of the people. Chief among these were Cassius and Brutus who had both fought against Caesar with Pompey. Although Brutus had nothing personal against Caesar and was in the conspiracy because of his love for Rome, it is Cassius who turned out to be a powerful enemy. Cassius was the inspirer and organiser of the conspiracy against Caesar, whom he hated.

    • Word count: 874
  11. Close reading on the Island

    "Mother" is repeated frequently throughout the extract to show the loathing she feels. The narrator goes on to use "you", which shows a connection between the reader and the narrator, this inclusion gives the reader the desire to read on. "Swing high on the swing, Mother can worry about what if you fall", at the beginning of the sentence, a sarcastic impression is apparent, as the narrator is making a direct demand, to swing high. This could be linked back to the bitterness we suspect is felt between the narrator and their mother.

    • Word count: 876
  12. Comparing Macbeth to Victor Frankenstein

    He desperately wants to be King of Scotland that he even dreams of it. As well as being under the strong influence of his wife, Lady Macbeth, the audience can feel sympathetic to this because Lady Macbeth is irrational about the situation. She is completely behind the idea of Macbeth being King that she plans his death and then belittles Macbeth for not being able to process it. Clearly Macbeth is not ready to kill a King whom he is friends with.

    • Word count: 842
  13. Utopia vs Dystopia

    The society encourages tolerance of all religions. The image of a Utopian Society is very satirical as it reveals just how much closer the realistic society is to Dystopia than Utopia itself. To date, that we know of there has not been any poof that the Utopias known, are non-fictional. Examples of Utopia are The Garden of Eden, Shangri-La, The Hanging Gardens of Babylon and The Holy Grail. Shangri-La is a very major commonly known image of Utopia which has not yet been proved to be fictional or non-fictional, but even though we are not sure which one of them it is people have still tied searching for this mystical and extremely religious place.

    • Word count: 912
  14. An examination of the way that the downfall of a hero is presented in three diverse works: Macbeth, Gawain and the Green Knight, and The Tale of Genji

    When it came to music his flute and koto made the heavens echo . As an adult, others recognise him as an extraordinary being, CHNKWKS �����TEXTTEXTÌFDPPFDPP�FDPCFDPC'FDPCFDPC"FDPCFDPC-STSHSTSH�-STSHSTSH-�VSYIDSYIDt�SGP SGP ��INK INK ��BTEPPLC ��BTECPLC ��(FONTFONTÐXTOKNPLC ((tm)4STRSPLC p(tm):PRNTWNPR�(tm)&FRAMFRAMÐ�TITLTITLX�,DOP DOP "�ge, will. HiAn examination of the way that the downfall of a hero is presented in three diverse works: Macbeth, Gawain and the Green Knight, and The Tale of Genji During the Elizabethan period, the book Poetics by Aristotle was revived. Within it were guides on what Aristotle considered a good tragedy, one of which was the downfall of a noble character (in both name and nature)

  15. Explore the presentation of unrequited love in the Sonnets and Far From the Madding Crowd. In the course of your writing show how your ideas have been illuminated by your response to the Way of the World and other readings of both core texts.

    It goes to be further explained in "The Way of the World," through the characters of Mrs Fainall and Mirabell as well as Fainall and Mrs Marwood. Unrequited love is presented through conversations, highlighting the weakness of the male characters. In Hardy's novel, during an interaction between Bathsheba and Oak regarding a proposal of marriage, the reader is presented with a male who is shown as being the weaker character. At some stage in this exchange, Oak says, "I shall do one thing in this life...and keep wanting you till I die," which Hardy describes as a "genuine pathos," portraying Oak's ingrained love for Bathsheba.

    • Word count: 785
  16. How the theme of deception is presented in extracts from Jane Eyre and Wide Sargasso Sea The extract I have chosen from Jane Eyre is from chapter 19,

    Charlotte Bronte wrote Jane Eyre in 1847 and there are many elements of the novel that reflect her life. Bronte has taken revenge on her hard life at Cowan Bridge by making it the basis of her book at Lowood. Here many similar events from her own life take place. At the time the novel was published there was not many female writers, because of this Bronte used the pseudonym of Currer Ball in order to get her novel published, as women writers where criticised a lot In these times.

    • Word count: 848
  17. Analyse and access Conrad's presentation of Kurtz in Hearts of Darkness

    Kurtz as presented by Conrad may be seen as an exaggeration of the white people who had come to Africa for money through ivory. He went to the Congo with great plans for civilizing the natives however he becomes greedy and falls over the edge. In many ways he appears almost as a representation of the wilderness, God-like an imperialist who though his vanity had become dehumanized and in inhumane. It is through Conrad's own experience that has led him into the writing of 'Heart of Darkness' as he becomes a political commentator.

    • Word count: 903
  18. Wilde and Shaw

    Though deeply corrupted, Dorian remains unchanged while the portrait is made ugly by vice and crime. Dorian meets his punishment in self-inflicted death because he cannot escape God's judgment. The novel has also been read as a criticism of the Victorian middle-class, which hides its moral responsibilities under a face of hypocrisy and as a description of Wilde's theories of art because art is eternal and it is more important and truer than life. Shaw always conceived of drama as a vehicle of idea, that is why the drama is called the theatre of ideas where the stage is used as a means to attack institutions or expose hypocrisy.

    • Word count: 938
  19. Night Comparison Contrast

    After days of traveling, Elie and his family reached their destination; Auschwitz concentration camp. His mother and sister were separated from his father and himself and Elie later found out they were sent to the gas chambers. The Jewish people were a civilized people with rich culture, however the war brought them to their downfall. Elie was truly infatuated with his religion, Judaism. Normally, when a fellow Jew dies, friends and family must sing the Kaddish in memory of their beloved. It is very strict how and when they must recite the song for the dead, especially when one requests that his friends sing it for him.

    • Word count: 999
  20. The Merchant(TM)s Prologue and Tale

    the fact that the noble, rich knight will suffer a fall thus becoming a tragic figure, as was standard in the fabliaux. From the opening of the tale; Chaucer subtly blends the numerous ironies, disparities and unrealistic reasoning to depict Januarie's sense of self-delusion but the greater amusement lies in the fact that he remains oblivious to the numerous hints, suggesting that he is blind even before he looses his sight. By allowing Januaire to speak for himself, Chaucer is almost allowing him to ridicule himself, through his we are lead to believe that he is in fact a figure of fun.

    • Word count: 972
  21. Prologue and Tale disturbs

    W. Craik) this is the stance of some critics regarding Chaucer's presentation of Januarie. They argue that Chaucer dwells on him and therefore exhibits his character by dramatic means as oppose to a brief summary, this constant attention towards Januarie develops the character in full satirical detail, so that his downfall is morally satisfying and at the same time richly comic. Chaucer articulately integrates the coarse satire of the fabliaux, much enjoyed by Chaucer's "gentil" audience, which was often crammed with extended jokes or tricks, often bawdy and full of sexual connotations, but it also employs a remarkable range of narrative methods.

    • Word count: 933
  22. Devil In Disguise

    Arnold Friend could be seen as the devil incarnate. His nose is "long and hawklike" (514) and he has a "slippery smile" (515). His "greasy" boots don't fit him right, "as if his feet don't go all the way down" (518). This could mean that he has hooves like Satan. When he draws 'his sign' - the letter X - in the air, it "stays there, almost still visible," (515) as if he has magical powers and burnt it into the air. Arnold's name can easily be changed into "An Old Fiend" which is another name for the devil, or could be seen as A.

    • Word count: 827
  23. How Angela Carter Uses Literary and Linguistic Techniques To Create Drama

    The independent clause is set in the past tense and shows that he kissed her he didn't kiss her. The dependant clause suggests that she is looking back on the incident and thinking about how it had made her feel. This tells us that the narrator is looking back on the incident and thinking about how she felt at the time and what she went through. She walks us through the story by not only telling us what happened but also telling us how she had felt about the marquee at the time and how certain incidents made her feel and how they have changed how she is now.

    • Word count: 832
  24. Belligerent bush

    For seven years, due to increases in domestic and foreign spending(mostly military spending), the national debt had risen to US$8.98 trillion dollars, an increase of over 70% from the start of the year 2000 when the debt was US$5.6 trillion. Over four thousand soldiers and a billion Iraqis were killed in the war, but yet, the war hasn't ended. While estimates on the number of casualties during the invasion in Iraq vary widely, the majority of deaths and injuries have occurred after U.S.

    • Word count: 541
  25. The hospitality of the Greeks is a central theme in Homers Odyssey - discuss.

    Hospitality or the lack of it, affects Odysseus throughout the epic. Odysseus' palace, while he has been away, has been taken over by the suitors who are looking for Penelope's hand in marriage. The suitors show no kind of hospitality to strangers and have abused the hospitality of Telemachus and Penelope. Telemachus is not old enough and lacks the strength to get rid of the suitors. On his journey, Odysseus receives help from the Phaeacians, who are the ones that bring Odysseus back to Ithaca, and also from Circe.

    • Word count: 853

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Focusing On a Clockwork Orange and Frankenstein compare some of the ways authors explore the idea of what it means to be an outcast.

    "In conclusion, the authors of both A Clockwork Orange - Anthony Burgess - and Frankenstein - Mary Shelley have don e well in concealing the ideas of an outcast in their novels, using the actions of the characters and knowledge of systematic psychological and sociological emotions the ideas of an outcast in the novels were unveiled."

  • Compare and contrast the presentation of the past in The Handmaid's Tale and 1984

    "In conclusion the past in both 1984 and HMT are represented through dreams and flashbacks for both the main characters. This representation is seen constantly throughout the novel and we are reminded that the past holds memories, however minor, for both characters. Both Winston and Offred have lost the past and seem unable to get it back, even though they long for it."

  • Compare and Contrast the presentation on Edmund and Edgar in Sheakespeare's King Lear

    "In conclusion, Shakespeare primarily focuses on creating contrasts between Edgar and Edmund opposed to similarities between the two characters. However one striking similarity does arise. Shakespeare chose to names the brothers Edgar and Edmund; the names are very alike, which is unexpected when their characters differ so greatly. This may be Shakespeare's way of explaining how difficult it is to distinguish between good and evil. The most important contrast he presents is how the two characters represent good or evil. In performance, the colours each of the characters wear reveal the distinct contrast between Edmund and Edgar. This is specifically shown in the battle between the two brothers at the end of the play. Edgar wears white to suggest innocence and goodness and Edmund wears dark colours, which represent evil and sin. The colours symbolise their mental attitudes and personalities. Edmund is presented as a cold malevolent character while Edmund is shown as a trustworthy and loyal who is devastated by losing his family and livelihood. However, it is Edgar who represents morality and is one of the few characters who survives the play, in consequence, presenting the legendary moral that good will always defeat evil. Approx"

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