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AS and A Level: Other Criticism & Comparison

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 11
  • Peer Reviewed essays 1
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Innocence and Experience in "Atonement" and "The Go-Between"

    5 star(s)

    and by the prologue where he laments that he was "let down" by his childhood self; "vanquished, and so was [his] century." The dramatic irony of the reader's superior knowledge over the innocent child is augmented by both the experienced narrator's retrospect and the reader's own historical perspective. While Leo optimistically anticipates the twentieth century "winged with hope," the characters of Atonement, with their "dread of conflict", exemplify the complacency of appeasement and the interwar years, preferring to consider "re-armament and the Abyssinia Question...

    • Word count: 2875
  2. Marked by a teacher

    In what Sense can we connect the Ideas of the Idealised Self and the Gap between the Signifier and Signified to Link our Understanding of the Ways in which Fitzgerald and Duffy Discuss Love?

    3 star(s)

    The main aspect of love discussed in both texts is the way you see yourself and your lover in the relationship. This view of yourself and the idealised view of your lover, from your state of mind, romanticises the people that you have feelings. This is a major theme throughout 'The Great Gatsby.' Gatsby's ultimate recreation of himself to fit what he believes Daisy wants, that image of him that Jordan discusses with Nick, ultimately pulls Gatsby and Daisy apart due to the evident difference between them, though they do not like to admit it.

    • Word count: 2622
  3. The Female is Nothing But the Body To what extent do you agree with this statement following your reading of The Handmaids Tale and On Chesil Beach.

    This idea of women "[owning] less that one percent of the world property" (UN) and men owning the rest, is an apparent oppression against women, present in 'The Handmaid's Tale', in which the extent of this ownership covers the female body. It is obvious that the Gileadean regime has created this scenario so that women cannot live independently, and rely on men, they therefore must accept being inferior. This is shown when Offred speaks about the time when the Gileadeans took over the country, when all women were 'relieved' of their jobs.

    • Word count: 2413
  4. Vulnerability is one of the key themes that is explored throughout Blakes poetry Songs of Innocence and of Experience and Atwoods text The Handmaids Tale.

    The use of a syndetic listing "Dick, Joe, Ned and Jack" gives the impression that there are many children that are vulnerable it also allows for a more personal perspective on the events. The use of the proper nouns also shows that the children are of a lower class as the names were common amongst that class when the poem was written. The repetition on "and" shows the childish narration of the poem. Religion plays a key part to allow for more exploitation.

    • Word count: 2180
  5. Compare the extent to which Alec and Reg can be considered the antagonists of their respective novels Tess of the DUrbervilles and Hey Nostradamus!

    pins to rectify", Coupland's relish in these facts and details proving to be darkly comic, encouraging the reader to empathise with Jason's pleasure in Reg's pain and cementing Reg as an unlikable character at this point. The authors also manipulate the reader's emotions and shape their view of the characters in their use of narrative form. Hardy employs an omniscient narrative viewpoint, but is quite selective in its use; for example, in dealing with Alecs' murder through Mrs Brooks Hardy denies the reader any chance of empathising with Alec.

    • Word count: 2498
  6. Write about the way characters are created in the three text studied you have studied. The three texts which I have studied are Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen, Robert Browning poetry as well as Khaled Hosseinis allegorical novel The Kite Runne

    Jane Austen in her novel 'Pride and Prejudice' creates the character of Elizabeth right at the beginning of the novel through the dialogue between Mr. and Mrs. Bennet's, who she is described as intelligent as Mr. Bennet's says 'Lizzy has something more of quickness'. Immediately the readers are aware of what Elizabeth throughout the novel may appear as through a use of speech coming from one of the main characters in Austen's novel. As the readers carry on reading the novel they begin to realize that the character of Elizabeth is much like Austen herself, who was also intelligent and not traditional like some of the ladies in her time were.

    • Word count: 2089
  7. In both King Arthur and His Knights and The Tempest the two central characters, King Arthur and Prospero, have had their share of treachery throughout text and the two reacted similarly to being betrayed.

    King Arthur not only wants to kill Sir Lancelot physically, but he wants Lancelot to die emotionally. He wants Lancelot to feel the pain that he felt and to suffer as he suffered. Lancelot's betrayal results in King Arthur wanting vengeance, and he is willing to get retaliation whether he lives or dies. Another example of betrayal that led to vengeance is the 'Vengeance of Sir Gawain'. Sir Lancelot in his battle to save Queen Guinevere, accidently slayed the brother of Sir Gawain, Sir Gareth.

    • Word count: 2446
  8. Discuss how the characters use psychological defense mechanisms to protect the ego from dangerous truths within the Whitsun Weddings and Talking heads.

    Graham, in Bennett's A Chip in the Sugar is resentful of his mother's relationship with Mr Turnbull. Graham and Mr Turnbull compete for Vera's attention. Graham describes Mr Turnbull sarcastically, "Only his lordship says he's got a bad back." To Graham this is a small victory, whilst he may not be superior to Mr Turnbull, but certainly at this moment he feels of more use to his mother. The use of "his lordship" whilst intended sarcastically, highlights the superiority anxieties Graham is having about Mr Turnbull's presence.

    • Word count: 2625
  9. Explore the ways Stoppard presents romance in Arcadia. Compare the presentation of the romance elements in Arcadia with the ways Bront presents them in Jane Eyre in the light of the opinion that Bronts presentation of romance is more belie

    representing, the four inner planets of the solar system, enduring in blissful innocence, separated from the rest of the solar system or Universe. The latter idea leads on to the concept of escaping from the present day, which was a reactionary force against the chaos that modernisation brought and nature was seen as a source of innocence and delight. Thus, beauty is seen as existing in the human mind and it is perceived by every single person in a different way.

    • Word count: 2752
  10. Compare the Role of Magic and the Supernatural in The Tempest and A Midsummer Night's Dream

    Miranda here is challenging Prospero's actions in causing the tempest. No Jacobean daughter would dare to disrespect her father in this way. On the other hand, one of the anagnorises of the play, we discover what a more traditional upbringing at the time would seem like in the way in which Hermia was brought: "know of your youth, examine well your blood, whether if you yield not to your father's choice, you can endure the livery of a nun". Shakespeare's language is strict, offering no compromise between parent and child as we might see today, but an order from the father with the certainty of his daughter's instantaneous obedience.

    • Word count: 2041
  11. Analyse the ways in which Shakespeare uses dramatic conventions in his plays and why they are significant.

    Much Ado About Nothing was written in 1598/1599 this was known as Shakespeare's comedy period. This was Shakespeare's last comedy written in this period, before he went into the tragic period. Hamlet was written in 1601 this was known as the tragic period. Othello was written in 1602, it was also written in the tragic period. The Globe Theatre on London's Bankside was the theatre were most of Shakespeare's plays where performed. The Globe Theatre was built in 1599. In Shakespeare's time many people attended the theatre to watch plays. It was about the only time the upper and lower classes came together in public.

    • Word count: 2624
  12. Comparing "Educating Rita" and "Pygmalion"You taught me language, and my profit ont / is I know how to curse.

    They are both 'out of step' with their social class. Both women feel isolated in their social class because they are distant from everybody else, they don't fit in. Rita expresses her dissatisfaction of her life by confiding to Frank. "I've been realisin' for ages that I was...slightly out of step...I should have had a baby by now; everyone expects it...I wanna find myself first, discover myself." It becomes apparent that Rita is dissatisfied with her life; she isn't happy.

    • Word count: 2088
  13. compare the ways roths the plot against america and mcewans saturday present and balance the personal and the political

    Here, the term 'idiot' does not relate to the simple stupidity which it has come to denote; instead, it relates more to the 'idiot' in Athenian democracy, one who is characterised by self-centredness, concerned solely with their own private affairs rather than wider public affairs. With Herzog's strong viewpoint tempering what follows, Perowne's transition from a relatively smug 'idiot' to someone who is more aware of the dangers of trying to close off the outside world becomes apparent to the reader.

    • Word count: 2104
  14. Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost and If Sleep and Death be Truly One by Alfred Lord Tennyson COMPARATIVE STUDY

    It is also perhaps Frost's most frequently taught and anthologized poem. The speaker in the poem, a traveller by horse on the darkest night of the year, stops to gaze at a woods filling up with snow. While he is drawn to the beauty of the woods, he remembers he has obligations which pull him away from the allure of nature. The lyric quality of "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" can be heard in the enchanting final stanza: "The woods are lovely, dark, and deep, / But I have promises to keep, / And miles to go before I sleep, / And miles to go before I sleep."2 The poem is elegant, yet very mysterious when it comes to its core significance.

    • Word count: 2981
  15. How do Arthur Miller and Tenessee Williams explore the blurring of reality and fantasy within the plays A Streetcar Named Desire and All My Sons?

    Other critics have also seen this outlook of the past through Williams' eyes, for example, C.W.E. Bigsby stated that he "acknowledges the impossibility of recovering the past. Indeed he accepts the equivocal nature of the past, stained...by cruelty and corruption." This could be seen as being displayed through the character of Blanche; who is swallowed within the past, making this all the more of an important issue by the controversy that surrounds her psychological frame of mind, but could arguably be the portrayal of Crane Hart.

    • Word count: 2167
  16. How does Shakespeare use Sleeps and Dreams or Visions in the plays Macbeth and Julius Caesar

    Dreams and the visions in Macbeth may play to the strengths of other goings on that were occurring at the time the play was penned. James I of England was heavily interested in the Supernatural and things of that nature. Murders tied together with visions of a prophecy tied together with ideas of sleep and death separated by a faint veil comes together into a play that would have fascinated King James. James believed in the Divine Right of Kings, that he was God's representative on Earth (similar to the Pope).

    • Word count: 2183
  17. Explore the consequences of Hanna and Brionys pivitol actions on a range of other characters in The Reader and Atonement

    This provides the ambiguity needed to read the novel with a profound sense of doubt. In 'The Reader', the pivotal action is Hanna's decision to become an SS guard in order to conceal her illiteracy. This is discovered by Michael many years later during her trial. The imprisonment of Hanna and Robbie is one of the most significant consequences of the pivotal actions outlined above. However the major difference in both novels occurs in accountability. In 'The Reader', Hanna is imprisoned for having seized command and allowing 300 Jewish women under ostensible 'protection' to die in a fire locked in a church.

    • Word count: 2746
  18. The supernatural in Macbeth

    The opening interrogative, 'When shall we three meet again?' suggests that the witches are up to something which could be interpreted as the supernatural being meddlesome, if not evil. The minor declarative 'Upon the heath' shows the witches making a prediction, alluding to the fact that a Jacobean audience would have believed in them having certain powers. Iambic tetrameter such as 'And thrice again, to make up nine' makes their speech sound chant-like, indicating something unusual about them as their speech contrasts with the blank verse of the other characters.

    • Word count: 2510
  19. Compare and contrast how Atwood and Orwell use language in their regimes as a means of social control.

    He documented working life in 'The Road to Wigan Pier'. This was the driving force behind his time fighting in the Spanish Civil War. There are parallels between Communist Russia and the state of Oceania. Both are ruled by fascist dictators, Stalin and Big Brother; both governments use propaganda to control the population. In both dystopian novels controlling language is a central means of social control. Written language is used to control the populations of Oceania and Gilead. Biblical precedent is used, and manipulated, to justify the brutal totalitarian regime implemented in The Handmaid's Tale.

    • Word count: 2525
  20. Explore how 'Captain Corelli's Mandolin' and 'Never Let Me Go' present the effects of society upon human beings, and what this says about humanity.

    As the war slowly ravages the lives and livelihoods of the Cephallonians, all these once distinct personalities cease to be so distinct. Pelagia and Drousoula are described as having been 'diminished by the war'; Mandras has gone from a handsome young fisherman to 'nothing if not a toad'. The war even claims the lives of Carlo and Father Arsenios, and succeeds in making a 'living corpse' of Corelli, and leaving the Doctor 'defeated and useless'. All the strong personalities we once knew are lost as the fight within society ruins every single one of them, and this shows how the

    • Word count: 2660
  21. Lord of the flies comparison

    However, the boys attempts to establish a society with a set of British values such as having a 'stiff upper lip' and conducting yourself like a gentleman fails somewhat as they begin to retreat into a primitive state of mind, competing with each other for survival. Jack initially claims that the boys are "not savages. We're English, and the English are best at everything". However as a divide appears amongst the group, led by Jack and Ralph, it becomes evident that Jack's initial desire for order has gone as he and his tribe repeatedly chant "Kill the beast!

    • Word count: 2131
  22. Setting and Atmosphere in Bleak House and The Woman in White

    However all of these influences are dictated by how the writer wants the reader to feel and express their feelings. Dickens and Collins create a wide variety of feelings on their readers through out the novels from upbeat, down to morbid aswell as awkward. Dickens creates this awkwardness by adding humor into the novel which almost seems forced upon the characters and the reader. This in seen in the scene in which Skimpole looks at other people paying his debts with the air of a kindly outsider, hoping that the people may 'sign something'.

    • Word count: 2463
  23. Discuss this interpretation of Iagos role in the light of the critical views you have read

    Jealously is his initial motive for disgracing Cassio. He wants Cassio's reputation and wants to revenge on both Cassio and Othello. I also think that we have all wished for revenge at some time. We don't envy Iago because he is amoral and we are always fully aware that he is the villain because his role leads everyone to death. Racism is another of the important themes which Iago emphasises in his role. In act one scene one (39), for example Iago refers to Othello as the Moor (which refers to the Berbers who lived in North Africa.

    • Word count: 2031
  24. In relation to the archetypal American Dream, compare and contrast the main characters in The Great Gatsby and Gone with the Wind: to what extent can Jay Gatsby and Rhett Butler be considered heroes?

    There is a chance that they did not wish them to be heroes at all, but created them as some vision of an antihero to contrast against people's hopes. However, I think it more likely both authors wanted to make their hero into characters who could be related to because they are not perfect or flawless but share the same needs and wants as us. Both authors step away from a fairytale hero, and give us an insight into what real heroism might be.

    • Word count: 2035
  25. Beijing Olympics Boycott

    In this essay I will be discussing the arguments for and against a boycott of the Olympic Games which are to be held in Beijing, China this summer. __________________________________________________________ First of all, I will start with the points for China hosting the games and against a boycott. They have invested huge amounts of money into this Olympic Games, so financial trouble would be felt in China... and if China are in financial trouble, the whole world will feel the effects.

    • Word count: 2046

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Focusing On a Clockwork Orange and Frankenstein compare some of the ways authors explore the idea of what it means to be an outcast.

    "In conclusion, the authors of both A Clockwork Orange - Anthony Burgess - and Frankenstein - Mary Shelley have don e well in concealing the ideas of an outcast in their novels, using the actions of the characters and knowledge of systematic psychological and sociological emotions the ideas of an outcast in the novels were unveiled."

  • Compare and contrast the presentation of the past in The Handmaid's Tale and 1984

    "In conclusion the past in both 1984 and HMT are represented through dreams and flashbacks for both the main characters. This representation is seen constantly throughout the novel and we are reminded that the past holds memories, however minor, for both characters. Both Winston and Offred have lost the past and seem unable to get it back, even though they long for it."

  • Compare and Contrast the presentation on Edmund and Edgar in Sheakespeare's King Lear

    "In conclusion, Shakespeare primarily focuses on creating contrasts between Edgar and Edmund opposed to similarities between the two characters. However one striking similarity does arise. Shakespeare chose to names the brothers Edgar and Edmund; the names are very alike, which is unexpected when their characters differ so greatly. This may be Shakespeare's way of explaining how difficult it is to distinguish between good and evil. The most important contrast he presents is how the two characters represent good or evil. In performance, the colours each of the characters wear reveal the distinct contrast between Edmund and Edgar. This is specifically shown in the battle between the two brothers at the end of the play. Edgar wears white to suggest innocence and goodness and Edmund wears dark colours, which represent evil and sin. The colours symbolise their mental attitudes and personalities. Edmund is presented as a cold malevolent character while Edmund is shown as a trustworthy and loyal who is devastated by losing his family and livelihood. However, it is Edgar who represents morality and is one of the few characters who survives the play, in consequence, presenting the legendary moral that good will always defeat evil. Approx"

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