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AS and A Level: Other Criticism & Comparison

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  1. A very good example of individualism can be shown by the story of Equality 7-2521 in the book Anthem by Ayn Rand

     This realization forms how Equality thinks about his fellow brothers, how he now interprets the society, and what freedom truly is.         From the moment Equality was born he was always different.  He always knew he was different and “It is not good to be different from our brothers, but it is evil to be superior to them” (Rand 21).  Equality was born with a head to quick so learning was too easy.  When Equality realizes “That to be free a man must be free of his brothers” (Rand 101), he finds that he has to be free of his brothers because they are holding him back from learning and trying to solve problems.

    • Word count: 828
  2. "How do the authors portray love in their texts?" Macbeth By William Shakespeare, The Song of the Old Mother by William Butler Yeats, The Last Duchess by Robert Browning and Porphriya's Lover by Robert Browning

    We also see that she also knows Macbeth?s nature very well. We see this right after Lady Macbeth reads the letter from Macbeth about the prophecies made upon the heath, she said: ?Yet I do fear thy nature: it is too full o? the milk of human kindness to catch the nearest way....? Shakespeare uses metaphors to show that Macbeth is pure; the metaphor ?full o? the milk of human kindness? tells us the Macbeth?s heart is white and pure like milk suggesting that he is very pure and generous. The phrase ?to catch the nearest way? tells us that Macbeth is an honourable man and likes to earn his titles instead of taking short criminal ways.

    • Word count: 3475
  3. 1984 and Brave New World by George Orwell and Aldous Huxley are two novels which explore hypothetical, futuristic worlds controlled by totalitarian governments.

    Bernard Marx is the only man who repudiates this system and ponders the more traditional ways of life. In both of these novels, Orwell and Huxley create these governments through different means of control. In 1984, power is gained through physical control, psychological manipulation and technology, whereas the government in Brave New World focuses solely on the use of technology to obtain power. In 1984, the Party uses psychological stimuli to overwhelm the mind?s capacity for independent thought. The omnipresent telescreens provided in each room constantly advertise the failures of the party in the appearance of success and triumph to manipulate the society and make them think the Party is gaining success.

    • Word count: 831
  4. In Of Mice and Men, Steinbeck presents a society entirely dominated by the idea of capitalism. Explore the novel in the light of this statement.

    The ranch is the man made habitat in which all the inhabitants feel entrapped by rules, regulations and ownership: this was, for most at that time, reality. In this setting there are distinguished areas for certain people- Curley, the Bourgeoisie lives in a house, the workers, the proletariat, live in a bunk house, and Crooks lives in cave. This segregation creates the image of finite and deliberate sectioning and stages of class?almost a labeling of conditions for the deserving and undeserving.

    • Word count: 667
  5. William Wordsworth and Damien Hirst might appear unlikely bedfellows, but appearances can be deceiving.

    William Wordsworth and Damien Hirst might appear unlikely bedfellows, but appearances can be deceiving. In his Preface to ?Lyrical Ballads (1805), Wordsworth asserts that his plan is ?to throw over [situations from common life] a certain colouring of imagination, whereby ordinary things should be presented to the mind in an unusual way.? ?To the Small Celandine?, for example, celebrates a flower which is usually overlooked because of its unprepossessing quality: ?I have seen thee, high and low, / Thirty years or more, and yet / T?was a face I did not know.? As contemporary reaction to such a poem, for The Sun?s reductive wit read Lord Byron?s sneering dismissal, ?namby-pamby?, and The Edinburgh Review?s put-down, ?a piece of babyish absurdity?.

    • Word count: 2036
  6. One of the strongest points of comparison between 'The Handmaid's Tale' and 'Property' is the way in which both novels explore relationships of power and ownership.

    Also, Manon's husband felt powerful in the sense of using his manhood, and brought this power physically to bear upon Sarah, despite her attempts to resist whilst Manon was away. On page twenty-five Manon Narrates, "Then while I was standing there, listening to Sarah's pleas and his curses, I understood everything." This shows that Manon's husband held the power in the relationship, because although she was begging for her resistance towards him for his sexual desires, he clearly wasn't about to listen to what she was saying and 'cursed' instead, insisting and "by the end of that year, Sarah was pregnant with Walter."

    • Word count: 2486
  7. There is more horror than terror in Carters treatment of the Gothic Consider this view in the light of at least two stories from The Bloody Chamber.

    Carter uses horror as a way of revealing societies down falls through unrealistic events such as vampires and werewolves. In carters treatment of the gothic there is more horror than terror because of the messages she is clearly trying to convey to us as the audience. Horror is clearly the dominating genre within the short stories as they are predominantly ludicrous stories with no possibility of realism. However we can see from this, Carter uses horror to hold a mirror to society to show its short comings. We can see this in the ?Snow Child? when the Count has intercourse with the dead girl, showing the monstrosities that men can commit.

    • Word count: 706
  8. Sir Gawain shows chivalry by being loyal to his king. A mysterious knight shows up at the kings castle and calls himself the Green Knight

    The knight, Sir Gawain, from ?Sir Gawain and the Green Knight? is a chivalrous knight. Sir Gawain shows chivalry by being loyal to his king. A mysterious knight shows up at the king?s castle and calls himself the Green Knight. The Green Knight then challenges one to play the ?beheading game? which means to strike him with his axe if one will take a return blow in a year and a day. Sir Gawain then proceeded to accept the challenge for King Arthur when nobody else in the castle would. He took the King?s role in the game to protect him from the Green Knight.

    • Word count: 687
  9. How is Madness presented through the protagonist in The Yellow Wallpaper compared to The Bell Jar?

    ?The Yellow Wallpaper? is also written in first person narrative; this lets us feel closer to the Narrator, although we never do find out her name, so it could be argued that it makes the reader feel like they?ve found the diary that she has been writing in which also separates us from the Narrator. The Narrator decides to keep a secret diary, and from that point on it?s as if all her thoughts are secret and not visible to the outside world, although it?s not just her mind that is confined in the diary, she is also physically confined,

    • Word count: 2205
  10. William Shakespeare examined ideas that contributed to the development of modern society, while engaging his past and present audiences.

    Iambic pentameter includes ten syllables a line. The syllables are broken into five groups called iambic feet, or iambs. Each iambic foot includes one unstressed syllable, followed by one stressed syllable. Shakespeare?s sonnets were writ with fourteen lines of iambic pentameter. The fourteen lines are broken up into three groups of four and one group of two, called quadrants. The first three quadrants would establish the issue. Then be resolved during last quadrant. Each of Shakespeare?s one hundred and fifty four sonnets are demonstrative, except for ninety-nine (fifteen lines), one hundred and twenty six (twelve lines), and one hundred and forty five (iambic tetrameter; four iambs/iambic feet per line).

    • Word count: 3286
  11. 'The Metamorphosis' and 'The Road'The isolation in both texts highlights the despair and nothingness shown in both Kafka and McCarthy texts. How far do you agree with this?

    believes there is a loss of good and pious men showing a loss of humane behaviour which therefore gives the man and boy a justifiable reason to isolate themselves. This could be interpreted as a positive aspect of isolation which ensures their well-being as the remaining men in the novel have adapted to cannibalism meaning the boys and the fathers best interest is to isolate themselves. Aristotle stated that 'we are political animals; he is suggesting that we should all live in 'polis' meaning city's or community's, This highlights the fact that people who are living in community's in 'The

    • Word count: 1419
  12. The Unbearable Lightness of Being, a film set in 1968 Prague, is a story of a love triangle between three main characters

    Tomas is happy with his sexual flings with Sabina and his unending love with Teresa. Teresa, characterizing herself as weak, is in love with Tomas. She doesn?t condemn Tomas for his adultery once they are married, even though she knows it is going on. She looks to Tomas as stronger than her, and Teresa envies what Tomas has with these women. Teresa makes the statement that she wants to understand what Tomas feels when he is making love to other women. Teresa changes continuously through the course of The Unbearable Lightness of Being, as she is forced to recognize the impossibility of her youthful dreams.

    • Word count: 1441
  13. Comparision. The Protagonist in "The bluest eye" is Pecola and the protagonist in "The Color Purple" is Celie

    where Morrison writes ?As quiet as its kept, there were no Marigolds?? Which creates a secretive tone, the secret society was trying to keep is that life wasn?t always happy and cheerful. There were no Marigolds, and marigolds are a symbol of happiness, there was no happiness. Morrison attempts to critique the idea of gender roles within culture and almost as if this perspective of a female girl was tabooed and any mention of it is foisted on the listener, it is inflicting something unwanted on them.

    • Word count: 794
  14. Antigone and Mrs. Hale, the two main characters in Antigone, by Sophocles and Trifles, by Susan Glaspell demonstrate civil disobediences

    Both character?s crimes seem similar; however the ways they handle their violation are very distinct. Antigone proudly breaks the laws and does not care if she gets caught because she believes the laws of Zeus are what she has to follow. Mrs. Hale, however, performs her crime artfully, quietly and does not want to be caught. Indeed, after her brother?s death, Antigone seems empowered by her feeling that she has to stand up to the patriarchal society even though she?ll be cursed no matter what.

    • Word count: 858
  15. The Discoverie of Guiana by Walter Ralegh. A Necessary Failure: Ralegh and the Redefining of the Poetic Hero

    a ?national hero:? his lady transformed into a feminized Guiana, his villain becomes the threat of imminent Spanish mercantile power, and his tangible riches morph into the future promise of British Empire in South America. It is necessary for Ralegh to fail because had he conquered the lands and succeeded in driving the Spanish from South America, Ralegh may have regained the short term favor provided by a finite victory; however, if he instead pursues a long term goal with no definitive end but valuable results, his place in the court would be more ensured.

    • Word count: 2077
  16. Discuss some of the connections which you have been able to make between Engleby and Larkin

    On page 48 of Engleby, when the titular character is reminiscing about his dad while he lays on his deathbed, the only thing he can remember of his dad is him coming home from work with his grey envelope and saying ?Another week. Make sure you never end up here, Mike? and the paragraph ends with Mike looking on as his dad passes ?And I though, I?ll

    • Word count: 448
  17. Compare the ways Brian Friel presents ideas about divided identity in Making History with Michael Frayn in Spies. How far do you agree that the notion of divided identity is more prominent in Making History?

    This gives the audience a first impression of O?Neill; he is more enthusiastic about his new English wife rather than his (important) role. This lack of interest could show O?Neill has a short attention span explaining, for example, his various affairs and marriages. This mercurial nature reminds me of Keith in Spies ? he starts out the enthusiastic leader of the investigation into whether his mother is a spy or not, but loses interest as time goes on and matters become more serious.

    • Word count: 1815
  18. In both Othello and The Merchant of Venice, however, Shakespeare presents female characters who do not strictly follow the standards set by the patriarchal society.

    Whether or not Shakespeare is presenting women in these two plays in a positive light is debatable. On the one hand, both Portia and Desdemona are worshipped by men and have an excellent reputation. Cassio?s remark that Desdemona is ?a most exquisite lady? (2.3.18) could just as easily be applied to Portia, and likewise Bassanio?s comment that Portia is ?of wondrous virtues? (1.1.163) could be applied to Desdemona. This implies that the women are seen as virtuous and as ?perfect women.? However, Portia and Desdemona differ greatly in the way that their audience perceive them.

    • Word count: 2269
  19. Compare the opening sections of "Brighton Rock" and "Othello". What Impressions of time/place, character and attitudes are conveyed?

    This includes the Duke of Venice, Cassio; ?a great arithmetician?, Brabantio; a Venetian Senator and Othello; ?an honorable murderer?. The setting of Brighton in ?the 1930?s, was presented (as) the face of an attractive seaside resort?, where ?50,000 visitors? filled the city daily, which is established to the readers by the character Hale. However, it was also known in the 1930?s that there were two sides of Brighton, the other side lied ?the tracts of shoddily built houses, dreary shopping areas and desolate industrial suburbs?. The first section of Brighton Rock, displays both sides of Brighton creating the idea of chaos in the city.

    • Word count: 1747
  20. Short stories. I have chosen to discuss Can-can by Arturo Vivante and The Blue Film by Graham Greene.

    Whilst we initially do not know the story is about a husband having an affair, the first line in the story immediately arouses suspicion and raises the question that the husband might be up to something. ??I?m going to go for a drive, he said to his wife. I?ll be back in an hour or two? (Vivante 1988:5). The husband doesn?t say where he is going or what he is doing or how long exactly he will be and the following line tells us that the husband disappearing for a few hours is actually quite unusual.

    • Word count: 2177
  21. Comparison - Rendezvous and American Psycho

    He tries to find his identity through consumer products, or more the product narratives. In his battle for identity his self becomes commercial, his whole identity and conception of reality gets composed by mass medias narratives - I consume, therefore I am. He believes in the rewards implicitly promised in advertising and he has undertaken from his culture the belief that consumption somehow will satisfy him. But Bateman does not feel the satisfaction, and the rewards are never as promised.

    • Word count: 1280
  22. In Fitzgeralds Babylon Revisited, Hemingways Snows of Kilimanjaro, and ONeills Long Days Journey into Night each protagonist in the story has some level of the feeling of isolation

    The entire family looks at their pasts over the span of one day and reminisces about earlier days that have led them to places they are in the present. There are some things in the family?s past that cannot be forgotten. Mary says at one point ?The past is the present, isn?t it? It?s the future, too,? (437). She believes the past cannot be forgotten. She expresses that people are slaves to their past and can never escape it. The same issue is found in appears in ?Babylon Revisited? and ?Snows of Kilimanjaro?.

    • Word count: 1237
  23. Animal Farm Essay - Power Corrupts

    In the purpose of this essay I will describe the corruption of the Animal Farm movie adaptation and who after gaining total power over the book the producers completely corrupted it. This essay will describe how the Animal Farm (the movie), was corrupted in the purpose of setting, character and theme. For a long time producers have been making filmic adaptations of book hoping to cash in on their popularity. However in most cases producers have been changing, shortening and to some point corrupting whole movies just to suit their own needs.

    • Word count: 1579
  24. The Mayor of Casterbridge and The French Lieutenants Woman both take place during the Victorian Age. In these novels we have an example of two women, Elizabeth-Jane and Ernestina

    In these novels we have an example of two women, Elizabeth-Jane and Ernestina, who came from two different social backgrounds. Thoughout both novels, we notice differences between the two female characters, Elizabeth-Jane and Ernestina. The most obvious difference is their social rank, Elizabeth-Jane comes from a poor background, she has lived her childhood with practically nothing and had no other choice but to work at a very Young age, like all other women from the working class.

    • Word count: 465
  25. Comparison between "Oedipus Rex" and the film " Into the Wild".

    Oedipus is viewed as an intelligent king, who was expected to comprehend the clues Tiresias brought to him about the truth-but he remained ?blind? to penetrate it. He is a brilliant and confident man, which is why Tiresias believes that Oedipus would have known the truth. However, since Oedipus did not understand it, Tiresias dropped many clues, anticipating that Oedipus would solve it. Oedipus remained ?blind? to penetrate the truth, despite that Tiresias leads him to the truth. Once Tiresias proclaims the truth, Oedipus is not in the circumstance to accept it.

    • Word count: 872

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