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AS and A Level: Other Criticism & Comparison

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  1. Compare and contrast the presentation of the villain in Othello, Wuthering Heights and The Collecter.

    When Clegg brings Miranda back to his house he reveals ?She was my guest at last and that was all I cared about?. The use of the word ?guest? sounds like he is the host and is there to look after Miranda, rather than be cruel to her, suggesting that he has no bad intensions and is therefore not cruel like other villains. The villainous character in ?Wuthering Heights? is Heathcliff. He is described as a villain as he does have some qualities that would support this, for example his vengeful tendencies ?I'm trying to settle how I shall pay Hindley back.

    • Word count: 3552
  2. The Role of The Fool in Shakespeare

    Some one not belonging to a higher title or an important role in the play. Their characteristics are significantly heightened for theatrical effect. In this sense, it is solely their personality that makes them so amusing. They are oblivious as to how one should behave around others and are guilty of committing social faux pas on several occasions. Abiding to social conventions is not of concern to the fools. This, therefore, makes for a highly humorous situation. 3. Another way in which the Shakespearean fool entertains the audience is through dramatic irony.

    • Word count: 519
  3. Should Dubliners fall under the title Literature, or was it in fact just the run before Joyces jump into real literature.

    However, we do in fact see similarities between Dubliners and Ulysses. Although Dubliners may be presented in a realistic fashion, we can often see the use of opaque language which focuses on the mind and thoughts of the characters, as in Ulysses. Joyce uses passages which show the thought process from the characters? points of view, examples of which are seen in ?Eveline? and ?The Dead?. These similarities in language offer us the opportunity to see that Dubliners is not just the testing ground for Joyce to build Ulysses on, but offers the same quality of language, and deserves an equal claim to the title of literature.

    • Word count: 1086
  4. How Seamus Deane makes 'Pistol' an unsettling and disturbing moment in the novel: 'Reading in the Dark'

    Another way Deane makes ?Pistol? an unsettling and disturbing moment in the novel is the way he conjoins innocence with brutality. One moment which emphasises this is when we find out the gun was ?inside the wardrobe of the room next door, where my sisters slept?. This contrasts the innocence of young girls with something as brutal as a firearm. Another way Deane does this is by saying that the gun ?had been a gift to my father?. A gift is supposed to be something given out of generosity, however Deane juxtaposes this by the German sailor giving the gun

    • Word count: 837
  5. Compare the ways Wilde presents the main female protagonist in The importance of being Earnest with the way Stoppard presents the women in Arcadia.

    Hannah believes in ?geometry?, ?reason? and ?intellect? and therefore is represented as a Newtonian in the play; her idyllic world is deterministic (similarly to that of Newtons) both simultaneously logical and ordered. The relationship between Newton and Hannah is further represented in the fact that ?Newtons equations go both forward and backwards? and as Thomasina explained ?they do not care which way?. The fact that Hannah is a palindromic name, significantly places Hannah in the firm clutches of Newtonian classism.

    • Word count: 1753
  6. In Cormac McCarthys novel The Road, the author uses the color and overall concept of gray to create a vacuous world that pierces deep into the readers soul.

    McCarthy continually reminds us of the bleakness of the setting as the man and boy walk along. You can't go for more than two pages before reading something like, ?Nights beyond darkness and the days more gray each one than what had gone before? (3). As readers, we only experience bright colors through the characters' dreams or memories, if someone happens to bruise or bleed, or through fire or flare guns. The rest of the time we see a gray ash covering the landscape.

    • Word count: 1058
  7. Changing Perspectives in Michael Gows Away, as well as Drops of Jupiter by Pat Monahan and the film Cast Away directed by Robert Zemeckis.

    I believe the man in the song is in love with her and in a sense is scared that the new world is going to change her. This is evident throughout the song with the repeated quote of ?And did you miss me while you were looking for yourself out there?. The use of repetition reinforces the way the song writer feels about the girls changing perspective. He feels that he is being left behind. Drops of Jupiter can be compared to ?Away? as in drops of Jupiter it is the various aspects of the physical journey that changes the girl?s perspective of the man, whereas in ?Away? it is Tom that changes Gwen?s perspective towards life.

    • Word count: 881
  8. History is a kind of story-telling. Compare and contrast the ways in which Friel and Williams present characters who offer their own histories and concept of truth in Making History and A Streetcar Named Desire.

    The play is set in the mid-1940s and so Williams tries to capture the true essence of post war New Orleans. Blanche was from the antebellum era and a relic of a time before the Civil War had divided America, originating from an old, aristocratic rural culture where whites presided over a slave economy and owned plantations. In ?Making History?, O?Neill is the maker of historical events and Lombard the maker of his written history ? and their ideas clash since they both have different ideas regarding how his history should be written.

    • Word count: 1845
  9. In Leon Edels short story The Eternal Footman Snickers, the language of the story exposes Myras ambition to forever remain a part of history.

    This is evident in her thoughts, ?The average life of a skyscraper?is thirty years?it rises higher and higher until it stands proudly?then a quick tearing down and a building up again.?(2) When skyscrapers are new, they stand out as opposed to other ordinary buildings. People actually take the time to look at them, but as time passes by, they tend to blend in and become a common sight. The skyscrapers symbolize the life of a poet who ?rises higher? [and] stands proudly?(2)

    • Word count: 1054
  10. Charlotte Perkins Gilmans The Yellow Wallpaper is a Feminist Work of Literature that Depicts the Struggle of Women Searching for a Sense of Self and a Freedom from the Domestic Roles Society Assigned them. How Far Do You Agree with this Statement?

    Throughout the nineteenth century women were perceived to be the weaker sex compared to males, and this statement is furthermore highlighted by the central character?s continuous acceptance to how she is poorly treated by John. This is shown through the repeated phrase: ?of course? when she states how she anticipates to be treated. This is especially evident when she states ?John laughs? at her, admitting she ?expects that in marriage? emphasising the little power women had in a domestic environment.

    • Word count: 1039
  11. On the whole, Plath finds the natural world threatening. In the light of this statement, compare the ways in which Plath and Hughes write about the natural world. You must include in your response detailed reference to The Moon and the Yew Tree and to

    The poem quickly becomes a bleak statement of nothingness and despair, whereby she projects her feelings onto the moon and onto the yew tree. Throughout the poem, her gaze remains fixed on the moon, an image which Plath finds threatening since the light it gives off is ?cold and planetary? an unsettling image with Plath does not find particularly comforting, since she is describing the moon as emotionally cold.

    • Word count: 586
  12. Contrasting Characterisation - One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest and Shawshank Redemption

    Both authors rely heavily on their protagonists in order to provide the inspiration for this change. Kesey makes use of imagery and symbolism, to explore the idea that individuality is a powerful motivator. Darabont utilises a similar catalyst for change as well as repetition; yet as a visual text, he also employs light and sound effects to explore the idea that a leader is a provider of hope. Red is unwittingly influenced by protagonist Andy Dufresne. Prior to Dufresne?s arrival, Red is presented as both cynical and dry, an institutionalised man unwilling to waste energy on hope; yet finds ?salvation from within? in the closing stages of The Shawshank Redemption.

    • Word count: 1172
  13. Comparison Of Contexts Between the Great Gatsby and Elizabeth Barrett Browning Sonnets

    The poet does not display the passive femininity of courtly love but takes initiative and takes control through a instructive voice ?Beloved, say yet and yet again/That thou dost love me? in Sonnet 21. Barrett Browning also rejects all the features of a woman which were idealised in the traditional Petrachan sonnets ?her smile- her look- her way/ Of speaking gently? is temporary and subject to change and perception, therefore the persona urges the audience to be loved ?for love?s sake? in sonnet 14.

    • Word count: 1082
  14. Donne and W;t. John Donnes poetry has covered and pored over the themes of humanity, salvation and redemption, and it is made obvious that Margaret Edsons W;t is nothing without the poems

    Both Donne and Vivian go through the process of self-reflection and evaluation, forgetting the present misfortunes and attempt to find some form of humanity which wasn?t present in the past. In this lecture, these are the points I will be covering, to show the themes and values that John Donne and Margaret Edson?s play W;t share. Redemption is the act of deliverance from sin and in Christian belief, it was Jesus who God sent as a messenger, and sacrificed himself in order to redeem the human race.

    • Word count: 741
  15. Belonging Essay Joy Luck Club

    At first there is no belonging as she is new to her surroundings, ?She has an ankle-length Chinese dress with modest vents at her side. And on top she is wearing a Westernized suit jacket?, juxtaposition of the two types of clothing highlights the awkwardness of her situation. However,as time passes, she familiarises herself with the area and gets to know her husband better, the use of repetitive listing ?I wore large American clothes, I did servant tasks, I learned the western ways? shows that due to the help of her husband, the rate at which she feels like she belongs is accelerated.

    • Word count: 834
  16. Female characters in "The Kite Runner", "Hamlet" and the short story "A Lot to Learn".

    Hassan?s wife is also mentioned briefly. The fact that women are not focused on, and barely mentioned in the novel also show that in Afghan culture, women do not play a large role, they simply blend into the background and do as they are told. Hassan?s wife, Farzana, is described as a ?shy woman?, ?courteous?, and spoke in a voice just ?barely higher than a whisper?. It seems that she cooks, cleans, and does most of the basic housework. The fact that she is so shy, polite, and quiet shows how women have been brought up in this culture.

    • Word count: 2019
  17. Satire in Animal Farm, A Modest Proposal and A Political Cartoon

    ?Under capitalism, man exploits man. Under communism, it?s just the opposite.? This pithy statement by economist John Kenneth Galbraith sums up the moral of George Orwell?s Animal Farm, a satire of the Russian Revolution that inspires change by exposing the vices of human nature. Initially, the animals? dissatisfaction with Farmer Jones? incompetence as ?Man? the only creature that consumes without producing? incites rebellion. In the Revolution, Orwell explicates an idealist doctrine through the manifestation of Marxist theory in Old Major?s ?Animalism?, ?let there be perfect unity, perfect comradeship in the struggle.

    • Word count: 1059
  18. Analysis of Peter Pan and The Wonderful Wizard of OZ

    We had done our individual part and we had seen the two movies. We made together the individual most important parts (setting, narrative, progression, plot ...) and the comparison between Peter Pan and the Wizard of Oz: Similarities and differences. Finally, we made the conclusion of the work. 3. 14th January: We went to the university library. We completed the bibliography on work and finished the index and the title page. 3. PART A - PETER PAN: AUTHOR: JAMES MATTHEW BARRIE James Matthew Barrie, (9 May 1860 ? 19 June 1937) was a Scottish author and dramatist, best remembered today as the creator of Peter Pan.

    • Word count: 6093
  19. In her short story The Lottery, Shirley Jackson uses a towns rituals and its normal small town life to demonstrate how any person has the capacity to be violent and dangerous when following mindless traditions.

    Society universally rationalizes risky tradition like a superstition ? afraid if the practice ceases, consequence may follow. In her short story ?The Lottery,? Shirley Jackson uses a town?s rituals and its normal small town life to demonstrate how any person has the capacity to be violent and dangerous when following mindless traditions. Shirley Jackson?s use of symbolism gives more than a casual nod to religion. Old Man Warner quotes ?Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon? (Jackson par. 32). The saying means one will sacrifice for the good of all, much like Christ dying for the world?s sins.

    • Word count: 1141
  20. Augustine's Confessions and Petrarch

    Created in God?s image, we were made to desire?to reach outside ourselves toward the ?other??both God and other people. When Augustine repented of fleshly desire and focused his pursuit on the Lord, he began a life of radical commitment to Christ. Desire does not cease when we experience salvation. Rather, this is when our relationship with the Lord truly begins. Desire keeps us ever seeking the Lord. Confessions for me was a challenge, but in a helpful way. It made me look at my life to see if there were any idols or things that I am placing in a higher position than God, not necessarily just graven images, but anything that I love more than God.

    • Word count: 485
  21. Survival as a theme in "The Road" and two other works. Similar to McCarthy, Daniel Defoe and William Golding present the idea of hope governing survival through their respective texts Robinson Crusoe and Lord of the Flies,

    to believe in God, to listen to one?s own conscience, to do justice, and to see and realise higher values and bear responsibility, which lifts humans a level above animals. A ?divine spark? exists in this ?higher nature? and this is what causes man to have hope which gives them the ability to have faith in God and eternal salvation. Like Pestalozzi, writers such as Cormac McCarthy in his novel The Road present the idea that hope dictates the extent one would go to in order to survive through the journey of the protagonist as they tread along a forsaken ?patch of highway peopled with cannibals and marauders? while maintaining the humanity within them.

    • Word count: 2816
  22. Explore the function of the narrator in F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby

    Brett Easton Ellis? first novel in his oeuvre is written during the years following the Vietnam War of economic prosperity in Reagan?s America and highlights the fragmented society caused by passionless relationships between friends and family and the lack of morality present in upper class America. The two novels contrast in the cities that they are set in; The Great Gatsby is set in New York?s Long Island, whilst Less Than Zero is set in California on the opposite coast of America.

    • Word count: 1744
  23. Compare and contrast the writers presentation of conflict and power between men and women In Thomas Hardys The Mayor of Casterbridge, Tess of the DUrbervilles and William Shakespeares King Lear,

    This is similar to ?King Lear?, where Lear has the power to order his daughters to speak. Equally in the novel ?Tess of the D?Urbervilles?, Hardy portrays the way in which men dominate women, presenting their greater control and power in society. Alec, for example, recognises how morally corrupt he is for seducing Tess for his own brief pleasure. This displays his power over her and his ability to take advantage of it. In reverse, Tess? parents ask her to work in the D?Urbervilles and she refuses.

    • Word count: 2891
  24. Frank O'Connor believes that short stories are about isolated individuals who undergo a 'frontier experience'. The stories I will examine are Lamb to the Slaughter by Roald Dahl, The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant and The Withered Arm by Thomas Hardy.

    trough a dramatic incident or by looking at fleeting moments of their lives from which we might gain some impressions which changes at the end of the story, raise questions about the character and leaves us with unanswered motivations and solutions. Short stories arouse our curiosity and provoke emotions. Say what A Frontier Experience is Each character in the three stories I have chosen goes through a frontier experience which involves them coming up to a new situation and changing from one state to another.

    • Word count: 681

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