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Analysis of Dystopian Genre - Brave New World & Nineteen-Eighty-Four

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Introduction

Analysis of Dystopian Genre - Brave New World & Nineteen-Eighty-Four Dystopian novels are generally written by authors to convey their moral messages about society's flaws and the various ways they think the conditions of life will become miserable and people will be in a constant state of despair; induced by poverty, oppression, violence or any other terrible state of living. It is intrinsically important to dystopian novels that the futuristic setting is convincing and harrowing as the civilization, alien to the reader, is usually the catalyst for the events within the novel. In both Aldous Huxley's 'Brave New World' and George Orwell's 'Nineteen-Eighty-Four' the setting is portrayed via literal description and through the thoughts of the key characters. The settings of both novels are very similar as they both intend to instil a feeling of dread and uneasiness created by the grim nature of the locations being described; It is important for the reader to feel these emotions so they can fully engage with the protagonists' hatred of the world they live in. ...read more.

Middle

This seems to be an indication that in their dystopian societies, ignorance is bliss, an idea validated by the Party slogan "IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH". Oceania's populace believes they are better off than anyone else is the world as a result of the Party's brainwashing, whereas the people of The World state believe everyone (including themselves) is happy due to sleep-teaching and drug use. Huxley and Orwell are here demonstrating their message to the reader that it is greatly important that they don't lose their identity by conforming to the social norm or allowing themselves to be manipulated by propaganda. Huxley in particular goes as far to predict that government will eventually produce humans to their own specification in order to efficiently segregate and manipulate the population as a whole- divide and rule. Furthermore, both authors are suggesting that the evolution of technology is endangering the human race, as it is utilised by those in power to monitor and control the general public. In Brave New World enormous amounts of machines "three hundred Fertilizers were plunged" are simultaneously creating hundreds of humans "Making Ninety-six human beings grow where only one grew before. ...read more.

Conclusion

This method of control is exceptionally clever as it is almost inconceivable that any one organisation could monitor the entire population simultaneously, yet the Telescreen forces the public to feel like they are being watched- even if they aren't. This is the true objective of the Thought Police, to make everyone feel like everything they do is being constantly monitored, even their thoughts. Both Orwell and Huxley predicted the evolution of technology and hauntingly described its use, in the form of human manipulation. The indicator of an exceptional dystopian novel is if it is still relevant decades, or centuries, after it was written. The prophetic nature of both 'Brave New World' and 'Nineteen-Eighty-Four' is indisputable as in the 21st century there are new concerns over issues such as cloning, stem cell research, test tube babies, CCTV monitoring, internet privacy and biased newspapers. Huxley and Orwell used the power of literature to deliver their warnings to the world and even after they're dead their work has lived on posthumously as a call for rebellion against loss of identity. ...read more.

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