• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and contrast the presentation of the past in The Handmaid's Tale and 1984

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare and contrast the presentation of the past in The Handmaid's Tale and 1984 Timed essay - 1 1/2 hours, 15 minutes planning and proof reading time. **DO NOT MARK** Winston and Offred - both affected by the past, traumatic, upsetting. - both slip into the past often when things remind them of it, SOC. Their memories however are different. Winston - cannot remember past vividly before Oceania remembers through dreams involving his sister and mother wants to remember the past badly ironically works to destroy it. Offred - can remember the past (inc smells, images, noises) regrets what she took for granted, can remember a time when she was free Material objects connected to the past - paperweight and magazines Paperweight - Winston buys from Prole area, desperate for a connection. Smashed when he is arrested - foreshadowing of the future. Magazines - reminder of women having control, image of beautiful woman in make up, taking for granted the smallest things in the past. **DO NOT MARK** In both 1984 and The Handmaid's Tale the past is constantly being made aware by the main characters in the novels, Winston and Offred. ...read more.

Middle

This dream is still problematic for Winston however, he does not know if it was a real event or a dream. Ironically, the knowledge of the past Winston desires for he spends destroying and 're-touching' in his job. He is a clerk for the Ministry of Truth, where his job is to rewrite historical documents so that they match the current party line, this involves re-writing newspaper articles and re-touching photos. "He who controls the past, controls the future." This is a party slogan and is one of the most poignant quotes, Winston does just this daily yet doesn't want to. Offred's past is constantly present throughout HMT and is used through the technique stream of consciousness. She connects things that she sees or smells in present day to those of the past and very early on in the novel she talks of her garden, "I once had a garden. I can remember the smell of the turned earth, the plump shapes of bulbs held in the hands..." This is in contrast to Winston's past as she is sure of what hers is; the potent imagery used takes Offred back into her past and disconnects her from the present - something which she desires frequently. ...read more.

Conclusion

Yet he also has a love for the past, like Winston. He enjoyed women being women, looking feminine. The material object used to represent the past in 1984 has a more influential placing in the novel. A paperweight, bought in the prole district by Winston, is his way of trying to rekindle his connection with the past. "That's what I like about it. It's a little chunk of history that they've forgotten to alter. It's a message from a hundred years ago, if one knew how to read it" Symbolically, when Winston is arrested by the Thought Police the paperweight is smashed into tiny little pieces. This foreshadows later events when Winston is actually tortured into believing the same way as the party, and forgetting his urge to know more of the past. In conclusion the past in both 1984 and HMT are represented through dreams and flashbacks for both the main characters. This representation is seen constantly throughout the novel and we are reminded that the past holds memories, however minor, for both characters. Both Winston and Offred have lost the past and seem unable to get it back, even though they long for it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level George Orwell section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level George Orwell essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The English Patient

    5 star(s)

    It was the job of Kip and the other sappers to make sure this did not occur. Naples was evacuated so the only humans left in the town were the twelve sappers. Kip spent the entire night looking for mines and explosives, trying to figure out how an entire electrical system could be bombed.

  2. Compare and Contrast the presentation on Edmund and Edgar in Sheakespeare's King Lear

    This section of Edmunds life is when he feels the wheel of fortune has 'spun' in his 'fortune', which reveals that he believes that good things have been given to his after a lifetime of deprivation.

  1. Compare and contrast the writers presentation of the consequences of obsessive love in: Othello, ...

    This image is very sexual but as a reader, we think nothing of this and put it down to spite only later realising because of her obsessive love Barbara has a darker side, which leads to the obsession with Sheba.

  2. Compare and contrast the presentation of sex and sexuality in The Color Purple by ...

    Walker's use of negatives echoes Albert's words "you nothing at all". The character of Tashi provides further information on the attitudes towards young girls. Nettie suggests to her parents that Tashi could be a teacher or nurse but her father's response is that "there is no place here for a woman to do those things".

  1. Totalitarianism and Censorship in 1984 and Fahrenheit 451

    When individuality itself becomes the crime the horrifying dystopia follows. The similar fear of the state's abuse of power and technology at the expense of human individuality present within these novels speaks to the relevance of these novels within their historical context and their usefulness for awakening people to the horrendous consequences of their ignorance.

  2. Comparative Essay: 1984 and A Clockwork Orange

    because there would only be one distinct way to present any particular concept. Not only would the correct words for certain concepts not be available, but a lack of adjectives would cause the writing would be completely bland and unemotional, which in itself would deter people from reading at all.

  1. How are dystopias portrayed in The Handmaids Tale and 1984?

    ?You are being given freedom from? suggests that these powers are helping relieve their citizens, but we appreciate that the lack of freedom to choose ensures the statement is subversive because the women of Gilead do not all appreciate the freedom; a majority would prefer the lifestyle of yesteryear.

  2. Control, submission and rebellion in the novels The Handmaids Tale by Margaret Atwood, Memoirs ...

    The rules of the game are simple, ?in punishment for the uprising: each of the twelve districts must provide one girl and one boy to participate?they will be imprisoned in a vast outdoor arena?the competitors must fight to the death.? This suggests the horrors in which the people of the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work