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Compare the ways in which Clarke, Heaney and two poets from the pre-1914 poetry bank have portrayed individuals.

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Introduction

Compare the ways in which Clarke, Heaney and two poets from the pre-1914 poetry bank have portrayed individuals. Right from the beginning of "Ulysses", Tennyson introduces the well-known mythical character of Ulysses to the reader to give them an introduction to the character. In "The Village Schoolmaster" by Goldsmith, "Catrin" by Clarke and "Follower" by Heaney the theme of individuals is used, but it is expressed using different poetic techniques. In "Ulysses" the poem is written in four very distinct sections to give the poem a more structured feel. The first section describes Ulysses' situation after he has returned from many Voyages, "an idle king" and now feels the urge to travel again. The second section describes his many adventures and praises his own experience while deciding that he can't sit still any longer - he must leave. The third section introduces the reader to Ulysses son Telemachus and describes to them how much of a better ruler Telemachus will make than Ulysses did. Finally, the fourth section sees Ulysses ready to set sail, "the vessel puffs her sail." ...read more.

Middle

Another example is when Goldsmith writes, "even though vanquished, he could argue still." This is ironic because the word vanquished is normally used when describing enemies, but Goldsmith uses it to describe a friendly argument taking place between a teacher and a vicar. In "Catrin" there is a distinct theme of parent-child relationships which grows until Catrin has a desire to be separate, and then comes back together when Clarke realises she can't handle separation and has the desire to be back together again. In "Ulysses", the theme of parent-child relationships also occurs, but not in as much detail as we are only introduced to Telemachus in the third section of the poem. The relationship between the two is similar to in "Catrin" because Ulysses wants to be apart from his son and also develops a trust in him to be a great leader, which is not expressed in "Catrin". Parent-child relationships is also a theme in "Follower" but like "Ulysses" is not one of the main themes. Like "Catrin" though the relationship is expressed as a memory instead of it being written recently as in "Ulysses". ...read more.

Conclusion

"Catrin" also does not rhyme and this also is used to give the poem a more fluent feel. In contrast, "Follower" is written using half rhyme making the poem discordant suiting the subject of the poem as Heaney doesn't follow in his father's footsteps and the rhymes don't follow a regular pattern. Both "Catrin" and "Follower" are written from a first person perspective to give the reader a more in depth feel to the writers thoughts, memories and emotions, where as "The Village Schoolmaster" is written from a third person perspective to give the reader a sense of detachment from the teacher when it is being read. In contrast to these, "Ulysses" is written as a dramatic monologue and this allows the poet to take advantage of the gap between what Ulysses wants the reader to know, and what Tennyson allows us to read between the lines, giving hints to extra information hidden in the poem. So although all four poems portray the theme of individuals, they are all expressed in very different ways, using very different techniques. It is interesting to see that some poets write about their own memories while some write about myths and both of these can be portrayed in many different forms. ...read more.

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