• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Shakespeare use Sleeps and Dreams or Visions in the plays Macbeth and Julius Caesar

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How does Shakespeare use Sleeps and Dreams or Visions in the plays Macbeth and Julius Caesar Shakespeare uses sleep as a way of showing emotions such as worry and distress, or as a contrast to ,or, as a sign of death. In Macbeth, Shakespeare uses it to show the conflict in Macbeth's and Lady Macbeth's minds, with Lady Macbeth eventually committing suicide due to internal torment. He uses dreams and visions in Macbeth to further show signs of the characters deteriorating from a once noble faithful friend of the King to an abhorred tyrant who has let the country fall into despair. In the play Julius Caesar, Shakespeare uses sleep, dreams and visions to be used as foreshadowing events that are yet to come. In both plays, Shakespeare's use of dreams and visions are usually followed by acts of betrayal. Sleep and death are linked in Julius Caesar. While not linked nearly as much as in Macbeth, sleep is used sometimes (such as Lucian sleeping with no worries) to indicate a clear mind or as a way of putting dreams into character's heads to act as a pretence for future plot points. ...read more.

Middle

Ghosts are inked to dreams and hallucinations in both plays, but also sleep. Macbeth mentions how Banquo is not lying in a grave and appears alive instead of dead. In Julius Caesar the idea is of Calpurnia crying out in her sleep. "Nor heaven nor earth have been at peace to-night: Thrice hath Calpurnia in her sleep cried out, 'Help, ho! they murder Caesar!' " -William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar 2.2 Here is a link between sleep and death, yet not in the previous sense. This quote concerns how dreams can give an indication of death, so it is not the same as sleep being a deception of death. There is a moment in Julius Caesar, which can be used to back up the idea that Shakespeare links murder and death together, while if Shakespeare wants to portray the idea of a conscience (the character has yet to dehumanise themselves, for example, Macbeth's mind and sanity deteriorates through the play) he gives them worry over what they have done. In this scene, Act Four, Scene Three of Julius Caesar, murder is linked with sleep. ...read more.

Conclusion

Julius Caesar was a play for the masses. It was made to show the tragedy of Brutus and Caesar and the rise of Mark Anthony in Roman history, a subject of interest to many people at the time. Dreams and visions are used to foretell events that are going to happen, possibly out of creating a plot of intrigue, or just possibly to act as a way so the public seeing the play understand what is going on and what is about to happen. It is clear that Shakespeare constantly linked sleep with death in his plays, Macbeth and Julius Caesar. Sleep is used in Macbeth primarily to show the character's emotions or used as a basis for which dreams and visions would be used to express the character's emotions. While Julius Caesar uses visions and dreams as a way of signalling death, Macbeth instead uses sleep as the main way death is often portrayed. Visions can be used as a warning, a character that ignores said warning is likely, from an audience perspective, to face consequences. Alluding to death while sleeping is itself quite an effective way of showing the audience the feelings of the characters. Since death and sleep are at a glance very similar, it serves Shakespeare's plays very well. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Macbeth section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Macbeth essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The English Patient

    5 star(s)

    Kip, who becomes enmeshed in the idea of Western society and the welcoming community of the villa's inhabitants, even dismisses his hyperawareness of his own racial identity for a time. Ultimately, however, the characters cannot escape from the outside reality that, in wartime, national identity is prized above all else.

  2. How are male/female relationships explored in the texts? William Shakespeares Macbeth; Carol Ann Duffys ...

    The speaker uses both hateful and loving words which suggest that she has been hurt by love. These three words show Havisham's feelings towards her lover, 'beloved sweetheart' means that she still loves him but 'bastard' means she hates him for what he has done to her and turned her into.

  1. The supernatural in Macbeth

    The supernatural first occurs in The Weir when Jack begins his story about Maura Nealon's house being 'built on what you'd call... that... road' where 'the fairies would come'. The suspension marks highlights Jack's uneasiness when talking about the supernatural, and though he goes on to say that it isn't

  2. The Use of The Four Elements in The Wars

    There is a scene in the book where a ship carrying many men comes very close to sinking. "Panic was perversely averted by watching one of the other ships in the convoy almost being sunk as she tried to make it into harbour past the rocks."(Findley 63)

  1. Analyse the ways in which Shakespeare uses dramatic conventions in his plays and why ...

    In the higher tier the where upper class sat you had to pay to sit up there. There were toilets and more space though. Many poorer people would save up to sit up top, so that they would look richer.

  2. Discuss how the characters use psychological defense mechanisms to protect the ego from dangerous ...

    This also could outline the presence of Freud's sublimination defence mechanism as Lesley subconsciously tries to channel negative energy such as dissatisfaction and loneliness into activities and personal development. The speaker In Mr Bleaney has given Mr Bleaney's life a lot of consideration "I know his habits".

  1. Explore the relationship between Shakespeares Macbeth and the version produced in the BBCs Shakespeare ...

    However, when he plans to kill Duncan, He reaches for his milk again but then stops, considers, then breaks the bottle symbolizing that he has turned to a more darker, unfeeling side.

  2. "How do the authors portray love in their texts?" Macbeth By William Shakespeare, ...

    He did not do it himself but had other people under him do it. We get to know when he said: ?Oh sir, no doubt, whene?er I pass her; but who passed without Much the same smile? This grew: I gave commands; Then all the smiles stopped together.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work