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Short Stories Comparison - The Company of Wolves By Angela Carter And Eveline By James Joyce

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English Literature Assignment Short Stories Comparison The Company of Wolves By Angela Carter And Eveline By James Joyce By Jill Woodyer This piece is intended to compare and contrast two short stories written by very different authors and at different periods of time. The Stories being compared are "Eveline" from the "Dubliners" by James Joyce and "The Company of Wolves" from the "Bloody Chamber" by Angela Carter. James Joyce was born on February 2nd 1882. He was a novelist, poet and short story writer. He is remembered as one of Ireland's best known and innovative writers. He grew up in a middle class family, which he may have used to inspire the book of short stories, entitled Dubliners which "Eveline" is from. He wrote the book out of his own frustrations on the limitation to Dublin life. Dubliners was written in 1906 and later published in June 1914 Angela Carter was born in Eastbourne, Sussex, the daughter of a journalist. She was removed by her grandmother to South Yorkshire during the war years. At 20 she married. Before starting her English studies at the University of Bristol, Carter worked for the Croydon Advertiser and wrote features and record reviews. After graduating, she settled in the city of Bristol and began her literary career. "The Company of Wolves" is taken from a collection of stories "The Bloody Chamber" (1979) where Carter retells classic fairy tales, the story entitled "The Company of Wolves" is a bloodthirsty, Freudian retelling of the "Little Red Riding Hood" Carter taught, and was writer-in-residence at universities in America and Australia, and spent two years in Japan, writing essays for New Society. She died on February 16, 1992, in London. ...read more.


she says "it was hard work - a hard life but now that she was about to leave it she did not find it a totally undesirable life". The repetition of certain words like life rather than using a pronoun gives the impression that she was in a trance-like state that mirrors mental instability and paralysis, to which Joyce is comparing life in Dublin. Indeed she refers to her Mothers "final craziness" with simultaneous awe and fear. "The Company of Wolves" uses many narrative techniques which allows assessment of the portrayal of women within everyday society, Carter questions gender roles and challenges stereotypes of femininity, this is demonstrated when the girl bursts out laughing when the wolf tells her that his big teeth are all the better for eating her with, "she knew she was nobody's meat" She represents female sexuality. The red hood appears as a sign of menstruation and "Little Red Riding Hood's" path through the forest is seen as a hypothetical path of virtue into womanhood. Carter has created an amazing swim of metaphors where the mythical transformation of a person into a wolf is representative of a budding sexual desire and placed together with a dwindling fear of men "Since her fear did her no good, she ceased to be afraid" The narrative style shifts between a fairy-tale and real-life description, the vocabulary and lexis acts as a device to illustrate this. The vocabulary and lexis used by Joyce in "Eveline" is less complex in structure however this does not affect the effectiveness of the story. Joyce's style is fitting with the story being told and the time period. Symbolism is prevalent in both of the short stories, in "The Company of Wolves" when the Wolf offers to carry Red Riding Hood's basket, she is slightly reluctant "her knife was in it" however he insists that his " rifle" will protect them. ...read more.


The portrayal of men as beasts within the narrative is typified in the tales at the beginning, "There was once a woman once bitten in her own kitchen as she was straining the macaroni", these are domestic scene used to further blur the lines between surreal fairytale and everyday life and to shock when the scene is disturbed. The masculine spirit is suggested when violence and destruction erupts when her husband returns years after his mysterious disappearance on their wedding night. This criticises men as the first thing he husband says is "Get me a bowl of cabbage and be quick about it" which shows the little respect he has for her. When he realises she has another man to whom she now has children he wishes he were a wolf again to teach her a lesson. Here Carter is highlighting the absurdity of the first husband coming to reclaim his "meat" Moreover, she is satirising the idealisation of women and makes the point of how some men categorise women as either "Virgins" or "Whores" this tagging is ironic since this woman referred to as a whore was a "worthy" wife not so long ago. Here and as the story develops with the tale of "Little Red Riding Hood" Carter is drawing attention to the brutality and animalistic nature of men therefore the line between beast and man is further blurred which appears to be Carter's intention. It appears the she intended to show clearly the stereotypes present in society with regard to male and females there place and their sexuality Women are initially represented as victims of passive male aggression however this is turned about when the vivid images of a young beautiful innocent girl takes control and decides her own fate. ...read more.

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