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AS and A Level: Other Playwrights

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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Examine the relationship between Volpone and Mosca in Acts I and II of the Ben Jonson play "Volpone"; to what extent is Volpone presented as the dominant partner?

    3 star(s)

    This social dominance on Volpone's part is also seen immediately in Act I Scene i, as Jonson presents Volpone languishing in bed while Mosca does his bidding, waking Volpone for the day and opening the shrine at his behest to reveal the 'saint' that is his gold. This wealth provides another area of dominance, although this is also a factor affecting class, as Mosca is dependent on Volpone's wealth to support him as this provides him with a home and pay, so the typical master and servant positions are assumed.

    • Word count: 1319
  2. "Medea" by Euripides. Discuss whether the play is underpinned by a feminist or misogynistic theme

    She naturally assumes that she has the right to speak as a man might do. Medea recognizes the oppression of women in her society when she declares "we women are the sorriest lot: first we must at great expenditure of money but a husband and even take on a master of our body".

    • Word count: 491
  3. How Does Medea's Personality Shift During the Play ?

    The play immediately introduces us to Medea's total despair after being abandoned by Jason, giving the audience new insight into how Medea's intense emotional pain turns her against those who inflict it (Jason) and all of his emotional attachments (Glauce and his children.) Early in the play, Medea demands "What use is life to me?"

    • Word count: 420
  4. Medea's murder of her children means that she cannot be regarded as a tragic hero.To what extent do you agree that Europidies's presentation of Medea in the exodos agrees with this view.

    [L.651-652] It seems intolerable for her to be rejected & homeless in a foreign land. We can infer this by the use of words such as 'pains and hardships' which emphasises her dramatic position through an accumulation of two similar meanings. Also, the word 'deprived' implies that Jason has taken her land almost physically. Here, the role of chorus modifies the structure in the play as they appearance break up the acts in the play. Thus, Euripides attaches an important role of the chorus to construct the play.

    • Word count: 1853
  5. Vasquez is instrumental to the tragedy, but is not himself a tragic character. Exploring ideas about tragedy, consider the role of Vasquez in "Ts Pity She's a Whore"..

    Vasquez's subsequent triumph over Grimaldi, and the pleasure he seems to take in his victory over the higher-ranked Grimaldi is a recurring characteristic of his, in that one of his driving motivations is to prove his ruthlessness to those who may doubt him. Indeed, Vasquez's bloodthirsty nature seems to be something that pushes certain aspects of the narrative forward, and is often used by Ford as a literary device with which the plot can be pushed forward; this is seen prominently in plot threads such as the one wherein Vasquez schemes to punish Hippolita.

    • Word count: 1616
  6. An audience's responce to Hedda gabler in Act 1

    However, she is not really someone that people can identify or can have sympathy for, as neither generous nor courageous. Also, as is common her fatal flaw is her snobbery or pride. However, Aristotle's notion of hamarita states that it is a ' matter of action' not the character themselves. I don't believe this applies her and agree with the 20th century interpretation. This is not brought about by the unfortunate circumstances more than the character themselves. This applies very much to Hedda as her 'conflicted individual moral psychology which brings about the opposite of what the character intends'.

    • Word count: 829
  7. Do you think murmurin judges is a hopless play?

    This can be distressing and slightly worrying as it causes the reader to feel unsafe as we have to rely on the odd moral characters such as Irina, and Sandra. If Hares intensions were to reveal what goes on in the system, then he definitely portrayed that, but if his intentions were to reassure the audience that there is always hope then he didn't for fill that as it only made us feel worse. Hare also underlines the issues that the system were facing in England in the 8o's and early 90's such as the increased levels of immigration and terror of the (IRA), and highlights the prejudge situations against the Irish within the system.

    • Word count: 613
  8. It is the blindness of Oedipus that leads to his destruction. Discuss.

    By end of the final act of the play, he will discover, by 'having his eyes opened', that it is he who is unclean and that he is the "shameless, brainless, sightless, senseless sot." I will now discuss the ways in which Oedipus can be seen as blind, and how it is this blindness that leads to his destruction. Firstly, Oedipus can be seen as blind because of his fatal flaw that is arrogance or "hubris." It is clear very early on that Oedipus has a pride in his own ability and his power that, as the play progresses, overleaps itself.

    • Word count: 1033
  9. Antigone by Sophocles presents a moral conflict over whether the gods law or the Kings law is more powerful.

    It acquires a lot of valor to make a stand and defend an action or a belief that is prohibited by society. Being faithful to her family was of high priority to Antigone. She shows much of Oedipus's character in her impulsiveness, and determination to do what she felt was morally right for her family. They both had exceptionally strong personalities. Antigone showed her mental strength when she risked her life to honor her brother's death; Oedipus showed his when he risked his life to protect the citizens of Thebes from the sphinx.

    • Word count: 1082
  10. In Lorcas Play The House of Bernada Alba examine Religion throughout the play and the significance it has.

    We see this as she says "The sound of those bells is right inside my head." This quote could be seen as symbolism as at the time the church was very oppressive, this is where we see the church and religion take an important role in the play straight away. We also see religious connotations from the play through the set, in the introduction to the play it says "An extremely white inner room in Bernarda's house. Solid walls. Arched doorways with jute curtains edged with tassels and ruffles."

    • Word count: 1494
  11. All human interaction is powerplay. How is powerplay represented in Antigone?

    He believes that he is restoring stability and peace to his kingdom by establishing such an inhumane law. He also reinforces his view to "not give equal honour to good and bad" which portrays Creon nature to reward the loyalty and punish the rebellion. Furthermore, Creon contends that he must appear to be a powerful and tenable leader of Thebes. He explains to Haemon that letting Antigone go with impunity for defying his laws would make him a traitor as stated in 'How if I tolerate a traitor at home, shall I rule those abroad?". This is ironic as Creon himself develops into a traitor since he refuses to comply with divine law.

    • Word count: 1366
  12. Achebe portrayed Ekwefi(TM)s relationship

    Okonkwo's reputation as a cold and fearless warrior plays a large part of his apparent detachment from Ekwefi and as such we get the sense that he does not care about her greatly however rare moments in the book give an alternative idea. In chapter 11 when Enzima is taken and Ekwefi follows we see Okonkwo come to find her "tears of gratitude filled her eyes". Okonkwo has always considered showing emotion to be weak but this shows us that beneath his exterior he does care.

    • Word count: 1955
  13. social class

    He achieves this through stage directions and dialogue. However, in 'Regeneration' Barker uses detailed narrative to portray her characters which can help the reader build up an understanding of their problems, as the story progresses. Social Class is an important theme throughout both texts and through the presentation of this theme; we see diversity in the two writers' views of social class. In 'Journey's End' Sherriff uses the character of Trotter to present the situation of a NCO, who has risen from the ranks; although as an officer, he does not share the same social background as the other central characters.

    • Word count: 1522
  14. A Tale of Two Cities: Resurrection

    In "Book the Second-the Golden Thread," the theme of resurrection begins to appear seldom as the book ends. At the start of this book, Charles Darnay, a young French noble of the Evr´┐Żmonde family, is on trial for treason in England. He is accused of being a spy due to his time spent traveling back and forth between France and England. As he is being prosecuted, the people of the courtroom are almost positive that he will be found guilty and sentenced to death.

    • Word count: 990
  15. The Irony and Puns in the Changeling Reveal the Characters actions are prompted by an Individual Sexual Drive though they are often unconscious of the fact .- How far do you agree with this Review?

    Alsemero says "I love her beauties to the holy purpose" and this again is an affirmation of the physicality of his attraction to Beatrice. Beatrice's heightened awareness of this fact and the power of physical attraction is exemplified by her statement that eyes are "rash sometimes, and tell us wonders Of common things, which when our judgments find, They can then check the eyes, and call them blind". The fact that she speaks in verse gives further emphasis to the idea of the deceptiveness of looks and that blindness lies in seeing without thinking.

    • Word count: 1019
  16. god's lift is out of order

    On the other hand the whole story is about the central character and a boy named Aaron. I think that Aaron and the main person is very close friends, and maybe Aaron is a bit in love with her too, but don't really dare to show it because he knows that she is together with Ed. Aaron tries to express his love in a letter to the narrator, but she had made a laugh out of the letter with her friends, and when she talked with Aaron in the phone, at a party where her friends are in the background,

    • Word count: 1187
  17. What are the main themes to emerge from the first three acts of 'The Changeling'?

    He compares his feelings with her to the Garden of Eden, Beatrice being Eve and Alsemero Adam. Religious allusions are prevalent in the play and the creation story is particularly fitting; the temptation into sinning reflects the position of Beatrice and Deflores, who she refers to as a 'serpent'. It is clear that Alsemero's feelings for Beatrice have affected him as despite the good weather conditions he refuses to leave. Both Alsemero and Jasperino talk of the changes in the wind which reflect the change within Alsemero and show the effects of his passions.

    • Word count: 2570
  18. The Use of Shocking and Stricking Visual Effects in Tis Pity She's A Whore

    This moment is extremely dramatic and shocking to the audience, as Giovanni's desperate nature if revealed here; Ford establishes both his character and his character's intentions very forcefully. Later in the scene, the two kneel together, making a commitment to one another. They both say the exact same thing, except 'brother' is changed to 'sister' where applicable. Ford here creates a dichotomy for his audience; without our prior knowledge, this scene is strikingly beautiful, but we as an audience as ultimately repelled and shocked by their declaration of love upon "our mother's dust".

    • Word count: 2272
  19. The Rover - How important is the carnival setting in influencing characters behaviour - especially that of the women?

    During his exile, Charles II had been a cavalier, roaming the continent with a band of royalist followers. When Charles II regained the throne after eighteen years of the Puritan government led by Oliver Cromwell and Cromwell's son, he restored the theater in London. During the time of Puritan rule, theaters had been burned down and stripped of their property, and those actors who dared to present informal dramas were publicly whipped for encouraging "immoral" behavior. Some theatres were rebuilt, and Aphra Behns "The Rover" was produced. The cavaliers of the rover represented the gentlemen and nobles who were exiled along with Charles II when his father was executed.

    • Word count: 855
  20. How does Shaffer draw upon aspects of the play's historical background to enhance its dramatic interest?

    Historically, the play is set in the 'Age of Reason'. People in this era fundamentally believe that shared beliefs were more important than personal opinion, and therefore public life mattered more than private life. With this in mind we can directly contrast this way of life with what Mozart brings to Vienna. Our initial meeting with him shows us his complete disregard to social etiquette and a personality totally unheard of for his time. Mozart shows no sense of hesitation to commit sexual acts in a library. Directly contrasted with this wild character is Salieri.

    • Word count: 920
  21. Throughout the play Arcadia by Tom Stoppard there is a distinct difference between the characters who have a science background and those who do not.

    Throughout the play he acts with little regard to the truth. He rarely looks to proof when coming up with ideas and theories. He feels that if there is the slightest proof that he is correct then he is able to tell everyone it is the truth. He completely disregards the logical way of thinking that theories can be proven wrong. He never takes the time to see if his theories can be proven wrong. Here Hannah shows her dismay with Bernard's irrational behavior: "You haven't established it was fought. You haven't established it was Byron.

    • Word count: 1433
  22. Remind yourself of Act III scenes ii and iii. What is the

    Firstly, Anabella's use of sarcasm mocks Soranzo. Her response to his love sickness is belittled by her saying "why, I thought you had been sick!" And he now believes "'tis plain, she laughs at me." We have already been introduced to Soranzo as high in status and a person who stands up to others such as Grimaldi, so Ford's use of belittling Soranzo, especially by a woman creates great tension. This tension is then amplified by the sudden discovery of Anabella's pregnancy in scene iii.

    • Word count: 677
  23. "The Changeling" is a striking illustration of how the genius of a great dramatist can transform the most unpromising melodrama into the subject matter of a memorable and harrowing psychological tragedy.

    It offers us a picture of the operation of folly and madness within the mind, and in doing so it explores 'abnormal' mental states; some critics believe that madness is of greater concern than the folly. Unlike the popular conception of Shakespearian tragedy that shows a calamity overtaking men and women, the dramatists penetrate the experiences of ordinary people and show us the tragedy of a world where people discover too late that they wear destruction within our own bosoms.

    • Word count: 2104
  24. How far do you agree that Wycherleys The Country Wife is an attack on marriage?

    Throughout the play, nearly all characters are preoccupied with their reputation, and thus lie; but as the play ends with the restoration of order and inevitably the truth comes out, Sparkish, the stock fool, explicitly portrays the reality of marriage. Revealing his real attitude to his marriage vows, he declares he would have cast off Alithea ?with as much joy as I would after the first night, if I had been married to you.? The candid language stresses the lack of respect and affection he ever had for her, and hence his indifferent view of marriage.

    • Word count: 1598
  25. In Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, hubris is the essential cause of Oedipus downfall because it is the reason why Oedipus killed King Laius

    In Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, hubris is the essential cause of Oedipus? downfall because it is the reason why Oedipus killed King Laius, it prevents him from discovering the truth sooner, and it causes him to anger the gods. The main reason why Oedipus killed Laius is because of the strong urge to protect his pride. When he tells Jocasta about how he was attacked by a man who fit King Laius? description, Oedipus reveals, ?The old man saw me / And brought his double goad down upon my head / As I came abreast.

    • Word count: 1262

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