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'The Yellow Wallpaper' by Charlotte Perkins-Gilman, and 'The Nightingale and the Rose' by Thomas Hardy, are two stories from the 19th centurythat I shall discuss.

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19th century short stories essay 'The Yellow Wallpaper' by Charlotte Perkins-Gilman, and 'The Nightingale and the Rose' by Thomas Hardy, are two stories from the 19th century. Both of the authors aim to create sympathy for a character undergoing hardship. Several of the methods used to create sympathy are, a persons situation, or a particular problem a character undergoes. The first point that will be discussed is a difficult situation a character undergoes. In the nightingale and the rose, the nightingale has to sacrifice herself to help the student, and she is willing to do this, this creates empathy for the nightingale in the reader. The oak tree shows us that we should be sympathetic towards the nightingale by saying that he "understood" but "felt sad", he also says he "will feel lonely" when the nightingale is gone, due to this we see that the nightingale's life matters. ...read more.


In The yellow wallpaper, we feel sympathetic towards the woman, because John patronizes her, by calling her "blessed little goose", and other similar pet names, which make the woman feel like she is being stupid. John also laughs at the woman, which makes her feel like she is overreacting and that she is wrong to feel ill. This makes us feel more sympathy for the woman, without us considering the story from John's viewpoint, this affects us all through the story because we have been manipulated by the narrator. The language the author uses affects how much me we feel sympathy quite a lot. In the nightingale and the rose, the author uses pathetic fallacy to help us feel sympathetic towards the nightingale. When the nightingale dies she gives out a last burst of song, and "the moon heard it and forgot the dawn", and the "red ...read more.


In the nightingale and the rose we feel more sympathy because the story is written as a fairytale with anthropomorphism, because people feel more sympathetic towards animals than humans, as the nightingale does not possess and selfish human traits. The effectiveness of the story comes from it's bathos, an anti-climax, at the end, where the story goes from interesting, attractive descriptions, to plain stark descriptions. This is what makes the story so effective. In conclusion, we can see that these stories use the same techniques for creating sympathy in the reader, but they approach it in different ways, and they are both used for different purposes. The yellow wallpaper was designed to show the faults in a patriarchy, while the nightingale and the rose shows how art and science conflict, and how art is under appreciated. Each author subtly influences the readers emotions towards all of the characters, but also to their cause, that the stories were written for. ...read more.

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