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AS and A Level: Aldous Huxley
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Truth and happinesstwo things everybody wants. In the novel Brave New World, Aldous Huxley presents an interesting view on these two components.
They learn to "like their unescapable social destiny" (Huxley,16), which is the "the secret of happiness and virtue" (Huxley, 16) according to the Director, and "they get what they want, and they never want what they can't get" (Huxley, 220). However, as a result of their intensive conditioning, people of the World State are incapable of thinking beyond the realm of what they have been conditioned to think, "enslaved by [their] conditioning" (Huxley, 91). Their own beliefs and morals are limited, which is apparent in Lenina's character, who commonly resorts to her library of hypnopaedic phrases in emotional conversations.
- Word count: 1757
No one is anything more than an easily replaceable cell in the social body. No one can show their resistance if their mind is constantly numb from excessive drug use. Soma is not bought but given out in rations, as if it were as essential as food. The Delta's reaction to having their Soma rations throw out the window leads one to believe that Soma was even more important than food. People die without food, but the Delta's seemed to want to die without their Soma.
- Word count: 1149
Lenina upsets her friend, Fanny, by telling her she has been having a relationship with Henry Foster. She also tells Fanny about feelings she has for another man, Bernard Marx. Lenina goes to Bernard and accepts his invite to see the Savage Reservation. This outward show of affection embarrasses Bernard and he asks to talk about it in private. Lenina then goes on a date with Henry in his helicopter. Bernard often feels inadequate because he is shorter than other Alphas, making him the same height as the lower castes.
- Word count: 1375
How does a comparative study of 'Brave New World' and 'Brave Runner' bring to the fore ideas about the consequences of the desire for control?
This has been initially conveyed through the pessimistic portrayal of their futuristic worlds as dystopias, which is a reflection of the destructive outcomes caused by humanity's separation from the natural world. Both texts show many contrasts and similarities through techniques, language, settings, and characterisation to warn the varied audiences of the dangers of technology, scientific development and materialistic methods of thinking. An aspect of both texts where the composers are warning about the consequences of the desire for control concerns the detachment of humanity with the natural environment.
- Word count: 1089
Despite different contexts both Aldous Huxley within his book Brave New World and Ridley Scott in the film Blade Runner explore the idea that humans feel themselves more sophisticated than the natural world
At various points through out the book different characters make reference to needing a "pregnancy surrogacy". This indicates to the audience that, although natural reproduction has been replaced by science, the instincts of a woman to bear children could not be eradicated. At the same time Huxley uses irony. While his characters feel natural urges they are able to over come them through such "pregnancy surrogacy", demonstrating that the persons of the New State still feel that science and humanity are more sophisticated than the natural rhythms of human beings.
- Word count: 1786
Ridley Scott's film "Blade Runner: Director's Cut" and Aldous Huxley's novel "Brave New World" explore the concept of 'In The Wild' by focusing on the natural world and its rhythms falling victim to unbridled scientific development
Also, in 1913, Henry Ford founded mass production - maximum efficiency through monotonous conformity. These contextual elements stand as the birth place for Huxley's 'Brave New World' - a text that satirically explores the irony of progression that is, in fact, backward in its effects on humanity and its natural rythms In Scott's 1980's context, global corporations were rapidly expanding, and were increasingly threatening individual autonomy. This era saw these materialistic multinational corporations, as symbolized by Tyrell, rise to enormous economic and political power. Due to the movements of the 60s and 70s against environmental degradation, the state of the natural environment (eg: the ozone layer and industrialisation)
- Word count: 1457
Themes In The Wild: In BNW nature has been eliminated in the 'civilised' world and individuals are conditioned to avoid it. For example, in chapter 2, we see babies who crawl towards flowers and books and are conditioned to avoid them by noise, bells and electric shocks. The children are being conditioned because 'A love of nature keeps no factories busy'. We see the psychological training show its effect in Lenina's reaction to any form of the natural world. For example, her reaction to Benard stopping to look at the sea is by begging "Let's go away.
- Word count: 2312
The 1930's was also an era where the ideological struggle between fascism and socialism was surfacing. These influences have shaped Huxley's text in many ways. The production of humans in mass numbers through processes such as Bokanovsky's Process and Podsnap's Technique depicted in Brave New World is mass manufacture taken to the extremities, a response from Huxley to the dawn of this technology. The control that the world state has over its citizens has many parallels to fascist states, and could be seen as a criticism of these ideologies.
- Word count: 921
Comparing the Film Bladerunner directed by Scott Ridley and the novel Brave New World by Aldus Huxley
These replicants have a use by date of 4 years and do not have any feelings. Cloning is misused quite a lot in this world as it creates humans with no feelings to face humans with feelings, although this was not intended. But the actual fact that the replicants do go onto earth supports the risks and dangers of cloning, as they are not compatible with the rest of the world. The replicants are therefore hunted by Bladerunners who have to kill replicants that are on earth. The main character Deckard a bladerunner has the conflict that he can't do what his feelings, morals, opinions and beliefs tell him he just follows instructions e.g.
- Word count: 855
Discuss the significance of seemingly “unrealistic” or apparently implausible characters, places or events in literature you have studied.
This is obvious from Chapter XVII in which John and Mustapha Mond have an intense discussion about the nature of their whole world, passage that sums up and develops all of the main ideas exposed in the preceding chapters and acts as a climax too. Judging from the content of the ideological battle portrayed we may say the Aldous Huxley's intention was to convey a moral message, a warning to what uncontrolled human development may produce: a degenerated society according to our standards (note that during the novel Huxley's tone when describing the world is largely subjective and tilted towards our opinion of their moral and social values, reinforcing the argument of Huxley's intention)
- Word count: 1535
Brave New World, by acclaimed author Aldous Huxley, is not so much a novel about individuals but it is about a society as a whole
This is why characters in Huxley's novel must stay in the dark about the true workings of the society because knowledge will lead to the society?s eventual demise. Huxley views commercialised society as a deficiency to human creativity. In the novel, society changes human behaviour so that people will strive to consume goods and services as much as possible. This alteration in turn means that everyone who makes such goods or provides such services will be able to stay employed.
- Word count: 772