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AS and A Level: James Joyce

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  1. Epiphanies in the maturity section of Dubliners

    Moreover, he realizes really how much he should change his life or how he should have changed his life. He doesn't really know if it's to late or not, he can't really backtrack anymore because of his failed marriage with a woman who has no sympathy for him or his artistic humor. The title is very well chosen for this story. Indeed, Chandler would be as on a little cloud when he is writing but this tyrannical wife of his is the rainfall which bursts his precarious situation. As a conclusion, Little Chandler uses his country to dream of success, but at the same time blames it for limiting that success but eventually realizes it is to late to change his life around and veer into the artistic lane.

    • Word count: 1224
  2. Dubliners, death and paralysis

    The lack of political leadership is made apparent in the dubliners by the atmosphere of paralysis which pervades the stories. Ireland was, in the time that the Dubliners was wrote was governed by England. The British controlled Ireland very strongly and you can see the reference for this in the Two Gallants that Ireland was being prostituted by her English conquerors is an interpretation of the image of the harp being plucked heedlessy for strangers by her master's hands near the Kildare Street club.

    • Word count: 2000
  3. Analyse the main themes and narrative devices introduced in The Sister

    The former would have especially have been a disgrace as this would essentially mean that Flynn had spilt the blood of Christ and therefore wasted it. This is also symbolic because just as the priest spills Jesus' blood in vain, so Christians would believe that Jesus spilt his blood for Flynn in vain as he did not accept the offer of forgiveness and reconciliation. This spillage may have been why he was not allowed to receive Blessed Unction as the priests deemed it too higher sin to be pardoned.

    • Word count: 1728
  4. The plight of the individual is most pertinently expressed through the plight of women in Dubliners. Discuss.

    I will focus on this discourse when dealing with patriarchal oppression as it, I believe, gives the best example of this subject. One of the forms which patriarchal oppression takes in 'Eveline' is the abusive and manipulative nature of the father. Eveline never actually mentions this through the free indirect speech which is used, but it is through the hints she drops and also the conceptual ellipsis or, as Joyce implies in 'The Sisters', 'gnomon' that we see the way she is exploited by her father.

    • Word count: 3063
  5. Looking at the denouement of The Dead, discuss the emotional variety of Gabriel.

    His excited state of ardour when juxtaposed against his mood later on serves to emphasise it in its contrast. Gabriel also feels a sense of escapism which is part of what contributed to his euphoric state, "He felt that they had escaped from their lives and duties, escaped from home and friends and run away together" This sense of escapism is a continuation of what he discussed in his speech at the party and is a theme which Joyce likes to explore. However, does this escapism imply that they are trapped in their everyday "lives and duties"? When they enter the hotel room the porter offers them a candle because the electricity is not working, however, Gabriel replies "We don't want any light.

    • Word count: 2142
  6. Depiction of childhood in 'Dubliners'

    The underlying sense of innocence which is woven throughout the stories depicting childhood is deliberately employed by Joyce in order to illuminate the stark contrast which the road of adulthood, which is laced with realisation and a distinct loss of hope, holds for the characters we meet in the stories. For example, in 'The Sisters' we are introduced to a young, nameless narrator who at first is deeply involved with the death of Father Flynn. His natural if morbid curiosity, concerning the death is apparent when whispers 'the word paralysis' describing it as a 'sinful being'.

    • Word count: 2939
  7. Dubliners, Counterparts

    Alcohol plays a key part in his depression and is the highlight of his day, it is the reason for him to pawn his watch and spend his remains on alcohol. Similar to his repetitious life in the office, drinking with his friends is a part of his daily routine as well. Every evening Farrington and his friends take turns buying rounds for each other, spending and consuming, again and again. Weathers is a character that plays a significant role in Farrington's realization about how his routines and traditions do not benefit him, but instead harm him.

    • Word count: 865
  8. Free essay

    A Safe Choice-But Her Only Choice - James Joyce's short story "Eveline"

    If she left with Frank, her lover, then there could be the possibility of danger. "She felt him seize her hand" (Joyce 7). Joyce's choice of diction "seize" tells the audience that Eveline's guard is up because she knows how a man can be abusive. She saw this with her mother and father and wants to have a life different from her mother but cannot. Furthermore, psychologically, Eveline cannot move towards Frank because she was exposed to a life of domestic violence, which her mother and older brothers endured.

    • Word count: 1231
  9. Dubliners is essentially a collection of tales depicting trapped characters, thwarted ambitions and wasted opportunities.

    James then took up residence in Paris, where he began to write. In 1905, Joyce produced his first book, "Dubliners", but it was not published until 1913. During this time, he met an Irish woman called Nora Barnacle. They did not marry, but had two children. All in all Joyce wrote a total of four books, "A portrait of an Artist as a Young Man", "Ulysses", "Finnegan's Wake" and of course "Dubliners". James Joyce died from a stomach ulcer aged 58 in 1941. After Joyce's death, people became interested in his work.

    • Word count: 1784
  10. James Joyce wrote "The Dubliners", a collection of short stories. One in particular called "Eveline" influenced the narrative seen in "Far From Home"

    When Joyce's main character is an adult he writes in the third person narrative. "Eveline", "Counterparts" and a "Little cloud" are written in third person narrative and to identify the narrative, pronouns such as "He/She" "His/Her" and "It" are used. "Far From Home" employs the third person narrative because Penny, like Eveline, is seen as an adult. This method in "Far From Home" shows that Joyce's techniques are incorporated into the story. Local dialect and street names, as seen in "Araby" and "The two Gallants", are also seen in "Far From Home". In "The Two Gallants" street names are used regularly to convey a documentary style attachment to reality "They walked along Nassau Street and then turned into Kildare Street."

    • Word count: 1916
  11. Discuss the portrayal of desire and disappointment by James Joyce in the Dubliners.

    He uses lots of description in "blindness" and "isolation", creating an atmosphere of death, decay and silence. Contrasting with the title of the story "Araby", this conjures up the vision of eastern promise. The books in the second paragraph have a great significance for the boy. The books provide an escape for the boy. "The Abbott" is a historical romance, which could relate and reflect his own feelings for the girl across the street. Also the fact that the priest died in the back room. Indicating that Joyce maybe felt that religion was dead or dying. He found that in Ireland, religion was suffocating by describing the air in the room as "musty."

    • Word count: 1028
  12. Discuss Joyce's treatment of women in Dubliners, Portrait and selected chapters of Ulysses.

    The women of Dubliners are frequently trapped by domestic situations prescribed by the Catholic Church, by nineteenth century moral training and by Irish puritanical values. Unkeless (1982: P82) mentions that when women behave like 'shrews or termagants, they often are responding to a kind of sex role enculturation that forces them to cling to the only shards of personal power accessible to their grasp.' Ignatius Gallaher can make his way in the world, but women like Eveline Hill and Polly Mooney have only one option for survival - success on the marriage market, preferably in a match that promises upward social mobility.

    • Word count: 3438
  13. What impression of Dublin and its people does James Joyce give in him story 'Araby'

    For example in the short story "Clay" Maria has the chance to make a new life and leave Dublin but turns it down because she is too scared. This also occurs in "A Painful Case" and "Eveline", as they don't have to courage to leave Dublin. In the short story "The Boarding House", Bob Doran wishes to leave Dublin but can't because he is trapped inside marriage. Most of the short stories, unlike "Araby", go in circles, for instance, "Two Gallants" when Lenehan just wanders around Dublin.

    • Word count: 1788
  14. Like the two previous stories, "The Sisters" and "An Encounter," "Araby" is about a somewhat introverted boy fumbling toward adulthood with little in the way of guidance from family or community. The truants in "An Encounter" managed

    The truants in "An Encounter" managed to play hooky from school without any major consequences; no one prevented them from journeying across town on a weekday or even asked the boys where they were going. Similarly, the young protagonist of this story leaves his house after nine o'clock at night, when "people are in bed and after their first sleep," and travels through the city in darkness with the assent of his guardians. Like the main character in "The Sisters," this boy lives not with his parents but with an aunt and uncle, the latter of whom is certainly good-natured but seems to have a drinking problem.

    • Word count: 1199
  15. JOYCE: Dubliners

    Joyce does this through language; he points to details and suggestions, but never completes the puzzle. I believe Father Flynn plays a central role in the story, the physical presence of father Flynn lingers throughout the story, coloring the narrators experience of dealing with death in life and showing how a death interrupts normal human activities. The significance of the story revolves around paralysis, the link between paralysis to both death and religion. Characters face events that paralyze them from taking action or fulfilling their desires.

    • Word count: 1401
  16. Dubliners, The Sisters

    However the emphasis is not so much on the plot but on moments in time, that have impact and significance, and the thoughts and feelings of the central character and little observations of human behaviour. One of the reoccurring themes in this story is the way the dead affect the living. For example, in 'The Sisters' what the dead person may have said or thought or done continues to effect the central character long after the person has gone. 'The Sisters' is about a young boy who has an experience in death of a close friend; the priest.

    • Word count: 1069
  17. What impression of Dublin and its people does James Joyce give in his story 'Araby'

    All of Dublin's streets are made to sound dirty and derelict. The empty house was neglected and not cared for, there is a damp atmosphere inside of the house and there is rubbish all over the house. James Joyce only makes negative comments about Dublin and implies that the city have no culture or love of literature, we see this because it the empty house there are three books found. The first one is a religious novel, 'The Abbot', the second book; 'The Devout Communicant' is on how to receive Holy Communion well and the third book, 'The Memoirs of Vidocq' is about the life story of a thief.

    • Word count: 1343
  18. Analysis of Eveline

    , shouldn't she ?) , girl decides , girl lives with the consequences of the decision happily or ruefully as the case may be. So it is not for the originality of its plot that we should commend Joyce's work - nor indeed for the colour of the setting for what little action there is. We know the location is Dublin because of the story's inclusion in the collection of tales about characters in that city and also by the incidental mentioning of places in the Dublin area - 'when their mother was alive , they had all gone for a picnic to the Hill of Howth.'.

    • Word count: 3414
  19. Discuss the portrayal of desire and disappointment by James Joyce in the Dubliners

    The title, "Araby," also suggests escape. To the nineteenth-century European mind, the lands of North Africa and the Middle East symbolized "decadence, exotic delights, escapism, and a luxurious sensuality". The boy's erotic desires for the girl become joined to his fantasies about the wonders that will be offered in the oriental bazaar. He dreams of buying her a suitably romantic gift. The third story of the collection, it is the last story with a first-person narrator. It continues with the structure: we have had young boys for our central characters in both "The Sisters" and "An Encounter," and here we have a boy in the midst of his first passion.

    • Word count: 1324
  20. DUBLINERS - What picture do you think that Joyce gives of growing up in Dublin in the era when the book was written?

    This can be compared to how religion crushed the wild dreams of Leo Dillon's older brother. The Priest expresses surprise at finding this book because they are not ordinary "national school" boys but they study at a religious school run by Priests. This shows more was expected of boys with this education and shows the desire shown by Priests and other adults to shield children from anything they considered to be pagan or unchristian. You can also see from the stories that the boy and perhaps his friends want a real adventure not "mimic" adventures or pretend stories.

    • Word count: 4202
  21. Commentary on The Boarding House.

    Mrs. Mooney marries a drunken husband who "fights with her in the presence of customers" (pg.53) and ruins the business "by buying bad meat." (pg.53) In face of such tormenting marriage, she is motivated by the instincts for survival to earn a living by the boarding house to support herself and her children. Her ultimate goal is to avert her daughter, Polly, ending up an old maid like her but to "get her daughter off her hands" (pg.56) and confirm that her daughter is provided with financial security. It is the concept of materialism existed in Dublin which further heightens class distinction.

    • Word count: 830
  22. What is Joyce's perception of childhood in Dublin in the late 19th/early 20th Century and how are his attitudes conveyed?

    In 'The Sisters' the boy discovers the reality of death when a close adult friend of his dies. At the beginning of the story he is intrigued by the world paralysis, 'It filled me with fear, and yet I longed to be nearer it and to look upon its deadly work.' This boy had not come across the idea of confinement to one particular place or room like the dying priest was on his deathbed and the idea was a strange one for him. He wanted to understand it and when the priest dies the child grows to understand the idea a bit better.

    • Word count: 961
  23. Compare the use of similar themes and language devices in both 'Araby' and 'Eveline' by James Joyce.

    On top of this, the story is written as though it were an event, which happened many years ago. It could have been a significant event in his life as it is very much portrayed in this way. In 'Eveline,' the narration is third person. Although the feelings are not expressed deeply, you can still get a sense of the emotions she was feeling. These emotions are expressed greatly through rhetorical questions. Themes are an important issue in both stories.

    • Word count: 1636
  24. Discuss Dead Men's Path, by Chinua Achebe, and Snapshots Of A Wedding, by Bessie Head.

    Although only 26, Michael Obi has a very high opinion of himself, and a somewhat over-inflated ego. He sees himself to be above others and superior to them because he is educated: 'He was outspoken in his condemnation of the narrow views of these older and often less-educated ones.' With his young wife Nancy supporting his radical ideas and views of a modern school, not just in teaching method but also in appearance, Obi tries to bring the 'backwards' school up to date by teaching the children to 'laugh' at the beliefs of their forefathers. When Obi discovers an ancient path that goes through the compound of the school, he is amazed that the other teachers have allowed the villagers to use it, as it goes right through the new hedges and Marigold beds.

    • Word count: 698
  25. Critical Analysis of "A Mother" in Dubliners

    Kearney got married "out of spite", and there isn't much romance in the relationship between her and her husband, although this doesn't suggest that she has completely given up her romantic ideas. We also see the portrayal of husbands and wives, or family life in general, in a negative way. The third theme is class distinction. This is to do with how Mrs. Kearney keeps on bragging to her friends that her husband is taking her and her daughter to Skerries and they spend their money on Kathleen's education and music lessons, to help prepare her for the concerts.

    • Word count: 758

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Discuss Joyce's treatment of women in Dubliners, Portrait and selected chapters of Ulysses.

    "to Mary Colum, stating that he hated intellectual women. Nora expressed to Samuel Beckett her exasperation with those who praised Joyce's' deep understanding of a woman's viewpoint, 'That man knows nothing about women' (quoted in Maddox P.278). Joyce talked of the "Penelope" episode as an addition, saying that the book proper ended with "Ithaca". He also, however, told Frank Budgen that Molly was the axis upon which the whole book revolved. Hence it is inappropriate in my opinion to take Joyce at face value and without a deep understanding of his intention in the novels. Joyce Essay Imran Hussain"

  • Compare and contrast Joyce's 'Araby' and 'Eveline'. Comment on the writer's effectiveness.

    "In conclusion, the writer effectively picks up on the themes, characters and language and put them effectively into the stories and makes the language work well with the story. However, in contrast with this, both stories, 'Araby' and 'Eveline' are quite similar, but yet with differences making them seem quite based on the same kinds of things; poverty, money, love and paralysis. Both "Araby" and "Eveline" have modern relevance as people now days can relate both stories, one being love not returned and the other being two types of love, were one is stronger. This is how it shows modern relevance to me. The writer, however effective he is, still leaves us thinking 'are the stories similar of different?' and this is a gift that not many writers have or could, so yes, the writer is very effective in both stories, and I guess that this leaves us in a state of paralysis also. Miriam Kerbache words 2,111"

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