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AS and A Level: Other Authors

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 1
  • Peer Reviewed essays 1
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  5. 12
  1. Marked by a teacher

    Sexism in A Thousand Splendid Suns

    3 star(s)

    The idea that women can be so indoctrinated indicates they are viewed as not having a mind of their own, free to make their choices, almost like animals (not possessing a higher order of thinking). Ransheed also expresses his distaste when he mentions "women come uncovered...look me in the eye without shame" claiming how it embarrasses him to see a "man who's lost control of his wife" Women are seen as an extension of the husband and if they act 'inappropriately' husbands only care about what it reflects upon them.

    • Word count: 813
  2. Peer reviewed

    'So where does love come in? It's not strictly necessary, is it?' What are Barnes' views of the role of love in history and in this novel? [A History Of The World In 10 1/2 Chapters]

    4 star(s)

    However, he later expands upon and contradicts this idea. 'Our love does not help us survive... Yet it gives us our individuality, our purpose.' States Barnes. It is perhaps worth noting the conclusive tone evident in this phrase; here, he doesn't pose a question, but instead offers an answer. This appears to imply that he has a certain confidence in his answer, that he has reached a personal conclusion in his mind. Therefore, one can read into it that Barnes decisively views love ass being superfluous to survival in practical terms, but is necessary to make us 'human', and as a driving force.

    • Word count: 894
  3. Write about the way Andrea Levy portrays characters in Small Island.

    Gilbert, for example, has a distinct Jamaican accent. Levy has created Gilbert as a comical and engaging character just through his narrative voice as we can see very early on in the novel. In Chapter 2, he tells us about why he was not able to collect Hortense from the dock in a very funny and over-exaggerated manner. The way he describes how he thought it would be is vivid and almost comical in comparison to how it turned out for him - 'Romantic, my mind is conjuring her waving majestic to me, my shoulders, manly silhouetting against the morning sun, poised to receive her comely curves as she runs into my arms.

    • Word count: 1269
  4. Conflict in Khaled Hosseini's "The Kite Runner"

    As Amir says ''...It's wrong what they say about the past, I've learned, about how you can bury it. Because the past claws its way out''(Hosseini 56), Amir's guilt being in conflict with itself, it also is a major theme in the book as Amir is driven for redemption of his sin because of the guilt haunts him for the rest of his life. This Man versus Himself conflict is significant throughout the whole story as it keeps the audience engaged and creates suspense. When Rahim Khan says, "...Forgive your father if you can. Forgive me if you wish. But most importantly, forgive yourself" (Hosseini 302), Amir realizes that "There is a way to be good again" (Hosseini 192)

    • Word count: 922
  5. How does Graham Greene explore gender representation in Brighton Rock?

    Under this umbrella of masculinity, includes the male violence and intimidation. The first insight of this is Hales shuddering thoughts: "it was in the dark he had met the whole mob" indicative of the cruel nature of the mob. The word 'dark' implies the relationship between Hale and this 'mob' is certainly unpleasant; it immediately highlights the group mentality in Brighton and the male tendency, of that era, to resort to violent methods. Dallow's na�ve question to Pinkie also shows the severity in which the mob operates: "Do we carve 'em up Pinkie?"

    • Word count: 1697
  6. With close reference to language form and structure, show how far Khaled Hosseini uses symbolism to show the social divide between the characters in the extract on pages 3-6 of The Kite Runner?

    Amir's descriptions of the two houses couldn't be more different, as he uses words like "beautiful" and "intricate" to describe his mansion, whereas Hassan's house is called only a "spare" "mud shack" in the shadows of a loquat tree, which is very small, meaning the house wouldn't be more than a single storey. To add to this, possessions are also important in showing wealth and class. Amir and Baba's mansion is full of luxury such as "marble floors", "crystal chandelier", "gold-stitched tapestries" and the "mahogany table" to show off their wealth.

    • Word count: 1022
  7. The God of Small Things by Arundhati Roy. In this essay, I will be closely analysing Roys use of language, structure and how intertextual references convey the innocence of youth in pages 193-198.

    The fact that the title has been placed in italics represents Rahel and Estha's thoughts in the sense that they actually consider themselves to be in a real life play as play titles are also presented in this manner. This conveys the siblings' innocence as they believe everything told to them by adults. This also foreshadows what will happen later on in the novel - after being manipulated by adults throughout their life, they eventually break free, and incest occurs between the pair.

    • Word count: 1312
  8. The Sound and the Fury. Faulkners application of certain diction for Benjy, Quentin and Jason in combination with the twentieth century stream of consciousness approach sheds light on their character, conflicts and contributes to a bette

    When Luster and Benjy passes the carriage house in 1928, Benjy's mind was taken back to an earlier scene which involved commuting with the carriage to the cemetery. When Luster and Benjy passes by the barn in 1928, Benjy is reminded of an earlier scene, when he and Caddy went around the barn to deliver a letter to Mrs. Patterson from their Uncle Maury. Once Caddy climbed the fence, Benjy observed the presence of rattling flowers (which he and Caddy came upon after crawling through the fence before), which Caddy had to go through in order to reach Mrs.

    • Word count: 2007
  9. "Strange Meeting" by Susan Hill. Explore and evaluate the ways in which the war affects and changes the friendship between John Hilliard and David Barton.

    We can see this from the line 'No-one knew, nobody understood'. Hilliard is a very confused self-supressed character. He is also a stoic character who is unaware of his surroundings and quite isolated. It's not normal for a soldier to return from the war to go on leave and then wanting to be back in France, as he feels that where he belongs is in the trenches. Hilliard returned to France. As a result of the rate of deaths soldiers were replaced and Hilliard would struggle to see familiar faces.

    • Word count: 1842
  10. How does Hosseini tell the story in Chapter 7 of The Kite Runner?

    Instead of having an equal relationship, due to the discrimination that existed in Afghanistan against the Hazaras, Amir and Hassan's friendship seems to have strong aspects of a servant-master relationship. This is proven by the fact that Amir flies the kite in the competition every year and Hassan acts as his assistant. When Hassan celebrates Amir's victory, 'You won Amir Agha', Amir tries to hide from the obvious fact that he is the superior person in their relationship, 'We won!

    • Word count: 955
  11. Baba and America - the novel explains the statement Baba loved the idea of America. It was living in America that gave him an ulcer by depicting Baba as a person who was more dependent on Afghanistan and its culture than he first believed.

    This character portrayal means that readers see Baba as almost a revolutionary in some sense; although he is affluent and well-respected he is not scared to share opinions which more often than not are not in agreement with people who have a similar status in society to him. This portrayal is important in the novel because it allows us to believe the first part of Amir's statement in chapter 11, that 'Baba loved the idea of America.' As the novel progresses through Amir's childhood we can see the appeal of American society on a character like Baba, a society not grounded by religion and ignorance, a culture of freedom.

    • Word count: 752
  12. Explore the devices used by Wharton to communicate character of Ethan Frome in the opening of the novel

    for Ethan to become a great man and achieve something life, yet he had let life erode him away to nothing but a 'ruin'. There is also a suggestion that there has always been something preventing Ethan from completing his ambitions; 'each step like the jerk of a chain' is almost as though there is something tied around Ethan averting him from breaking away. The suggestion of failure or incompletion is emphasised with 'smash-up', the use of the word smash provokes a sense of utter destruction and of something that isn't repairable.

    • Word count: 765
  13. What do chapters 17 and 18 reveal about Forsters art as a novelist?

    The abstinence of using her name gives the effect that she has become too holy to be named. This is particularly significant in the novel for before her assault she had not been very popular within the British Community but since the assault she has become the most popular lady who they all seem to want to have an intimacy with. This only accentuated the British ladies' shallow personalities. Once news of the assault on Miss Quested reaches the British they group together in a tribal manner; the ladies and men are given instruction what to do from Turton and they become secretive.

    • Word count: 895
  14. Far from seeing Mother as a victim of a repressive society, Winterson presents her as the repressor through her upbringing of Jeanette. How far do you agree with this critical view of women in Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit?

    The characterisation of Mother, or Louie, is of "a dogmatic and powerful middle-aged woman, inviting the same mix of admiration, incredulity, disapproval and hatred"*. Due to her strong religious beliefs, she believes the world around her to be wrong and only her view, at one with God, is right. The 'unsaved' are enemies, and a threat to Jeanette, whom she guards fiercely from ways of life and thinking that do not correspond with the word of the Lord or the teachings of the Pastors.

    • Word count: 1557
  15. What do you find significant about the strategies Hosseini uses in the opening chapter of "The Kite Runner"?

    "I have been peeking into that deserted alley for the last twenty six years". Hosseini also describes clear differences in setting between the present America and the past Kabul by using contrasting settings such as 'summer' and 'winter', 'sparkling lake' and 'frozen creek' and 'Golden Gate Park' and 'deserted alley' with a 'crumbling mud wall'. These words suggest a big contrast between the two countries and also implies that Amir as come far in life to be living in such a nicer place.

    • Word count: 459
  16. The Open Window by Saki - Literary appreciation

    The author uses very complicated language to describe simple actions. This creates the effect that the event occurred in a bigger time frame than it actually did. Saki's skill of using language is portrayed through adjectives like "treacherous piece of bog", verbs such as "laboured under the tolerably widespread delusion" and the brilliant control he has over the vocabulary he uses. He completely leaves the readers in the dark by limiting their point of view to that of Mr Nuttel only to surprise his audience in the denouement.

    • Word count: 584
  17. Through a close examination of two or three passages from Scoop and consideration of other examples of satire that you have read, explore how Scoop works as a satire.

    And finally Gulliver's fourth journey places him in the land of the Houyhnhnm, a society of intelligent, reasoning horses. By creating these four mysterious, ridiculous yet rather amusing journeys, Swift is able to add irony and satire of the English political system and the human ways. In Gulliver's first journey for example, he gets ship-wrecked and swims ashore. When he wakes up, he finds himself tied to the ground by tiny people. Swift uses this to satirise the power of humans, and portrays the irony of a giant being tied down and held prisoner by tiny people. Also, Swift uses the strange customs that they have in Lilliput as a satire.

    • Word count: 1489
  18. How effective are Robert Tressells use of metaphors in The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists?

    The fact that Tressell hand wrote the entire novel in itself can be interpreted as metaphorical. Instead of using the machinery, he did it by hand, working as an ordinary man, the fruit of his labour coming from his own hands. With reference to the characters themselves, it is possible to see the metaphors present - for example, the Reverend 'Belcher'. When viewed from Frankie's (Owen's son, a child of 7) perspective, the man is continuously described as resembling a hot air balloon. "If he had removed the long garment, this individual would have resembled a balloon: the feet representing the car and the small head that surmounted the globe, the safety valve"; this quotation is the main description we as readers receive of the Rev.

    • Word count: 600
  19. Explain how Hosseini sets out to make the reader side with Hassan and not Amir in the first seven chapters of the novel The Kite Runner

    By his distinct choice of narrator, Hosseini establishes a motif of heavy irony in the story. This is due to the usual trend of the narrator being the hero of the story; the reader lives through the narrator and usually sympathises with them, however, on this occasion, the reader can grow to dislike Amir which in turn institutes his character to take on the role of an 'anti-hero' instead of the expected role of protagonist.

    • Word count: 2072
  20. (Creative Writing) Imagine that Baba writes a letter to Rahim Khan after he and Amir had been in America for a few years, in which Baba explains how he feels about his life in America with Amir...

    I would expect nothing less from a man I have known most of my life; if you were not my closest friend Rahim, I would not admit this to you - life here has not been easy. How naive I was, "America, the brash saviour" I used to think. Never again. America is not the beautiful land of freedom it has always been painted as, agha. There is smog here that grasps and claws at your eyes, the traffic noise is like a monstrous beast that constantly beats at your head - never giving you a second's peace, the pollen flies into your throat and forces you to cough until your lungs ache and your throat is raw and sore.

    • Word count: 2027
  21. Character notes for 'Ethan Frome' - Zeena and Ethan

    of sufferer 'zeena, with more leisure to devote to her complex ailments, grew less watchful of the girls ommisions' -This results in the reader suspecting hypochondria or at least exaggeration rather than any real ailment. * zeenas only talent appears to be caring for the sick, however and no point during the novel does Edith Wharton display her as being nurturing or showing any sense of vitality until the end. When Ethan and Mattie are both disabled and it falls to zeena to care for them and even then she seems to do it out of sense of duty not

    • Word count: 1042
  22. A Passage to India. How successful do you think the novel is in its critique of "Orientalist" stereotypes? Do you think the novel still clings to some of these racial stereotypes when it depicts Indian characters?

    His main character, Dr. Aziz is represented greatly within the first few chapters of his introduction. The author not only represents how the majority of the Muslim Indian population's characteristics and appearance in just one person, but in addition, he has woven into these simple features the emotions and mentality too. One would notice that suggestion immediately through a particular description of Dr. Aziz. "Rather small, with a little mustache and quick eyes." This representation would quickly strike the reader, not only does it have the stereotypical image of the "Indian" man, but the description of the eyes also indicate something much more than what is skin deep.

    • Word count: 810
  23. A Passage To India. Who is the most admirable character in the novel? Who is the least admirable? Explain your answers.

    Moore's character to become highly linked to the spirituality of India. Her British roots do not stand in the way of her open and wise mind that came with her growing old, evidence to that is her reaction to the appalling way that most of the English people treat Indians in their own native land upon her arrival to India in the first part of the novel. Mrs. Moore's spirituality lead many people to admire her, her thoughts about religion, life and its essence, mixed along with the fragility of old age and a sympathetic and big heart simply put readers in awe.

    • Word count: 970
  24. The Lonely Londoners Analysis. From the first section of this extract it is apparent that racism is a key theme and that it will be widely used throughout as a young child says to his or her mother mummy, look at that black man

    It also sounds slightly sarcastic as if he is implying that the child is not sweet at all. However, the way he says what a sweet child may suggest that, deep down, the comments do affect him as he says it "putting on the old English accent implying that he is desperate to fit in and is possibly ashamed of his culture due to the remarks he has received throughout his life. The way he says it also emphasises the divide between reality and appearance; reality being what has just happened and appearance being that he tries to fit appear 'normal' and fit in but in reality he never will in the situation he is in.

    • Word count: 587
  25. Mrs Beaver in 'A Handful of Dust'. It is fitting that Waugh should begin his novel A Handful of Dust by introducing his readers to the characters of Mrs. Beaver and her son John.

    This ruthless exploitation of people is further seen in Mrs. Beaver's treatment of her staff who paid her for the privilege of working in the damp and cold, 'handling the crates like a man' and being promised advancement which she had no intention of fulfilling as neither had 'enough chic to work upstairs'. This materialistic attitude and judgment of people purely in terms of their financial and social standing is apparent in her comments on the amount of money owed to her by the various characters which are mentioned, such as the American who hadn't 'paid for the toile-de-jouy chair covers' or the Lasts themselves.

    • Word count: 1347

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • By Comparing and Contrasting the characters of Flora and Prue, discuss how Stella Gibbons has parodied the concept of heroine.

    "In conclusion the rural novel of which Precious Bane is an example has been parodied in detail by Stella Gibbons, from which she has crafted Cold Comfort Farm. Although there a several differences in the two heroines in the novels there are also a number of similarities, both novels are written in first person narrative, in the perspective of the heroine, allowing the reader to get inside the characters head quite effectively. Although both novels are written in considerable detail, Gibbons has exaggerated a lot of her concepts and she does her best to highlight this. Although Flora and Prue aren't both portrayed as stereotypical heroines, they are still both rescued by a male character from the novel, which is term is a cliché that rural novels follow, of a hero rescuing his heroine. However despite the few similarities the two novels contain, Gibbons has engaged several of Mary Webb's concepts and parodied them to perfection, and therefore in a result of this has portrayed Flora, her heroine in a completely different way to how Prue is shown by her author, attractive, confident and independent, she's more of a modern heroine whereas Prue is more traditional."

  • In death, Carlo is described as 'the perfect figure of the perfect man.' To what extent do you agree with this epitaph?

    "In my opinion, Carlo was 'the perfect figure of the perfect man'. I live in a modern society, influenced by the open and equal status shared by everyone in my country. I believe that the orientation of a person should not bear relation as to whether they can be considered 'perfect' or not. What I do consider a more difficult task is defining the word 'perfect', it is a complex word which means different to everybody and there is no unambiguous way to define it. As a result, when I use the word 'perfect' in the context of this essay, I consider both the modern English view and the contemporary Greek and Italian views. In this case, Carlo would not be considered a perfect man because of the homophobic culture which still exists in both of these countries. However, in modern England and to myself, the strength of character, devotion, liberalness and inner beauty of Carlo is enough to be named 'the perfect figure of the perfect man'."

  • Discuss Hosseinis exploration of the parent/ child relationship in the Kite Runner.

    "In conclusion, it is clear that even if Amir was the son Baba had 'imagined', Baba would still have been reluctant to have a relationship with him, as Baba's secret fathering of Hassan haunts him and distances him from Amir. Hosseini effectively creates two characters, through the relationship of Baba and Amir, where mistakes echo to the next generation demonstrating how adults' present mistakes affect the younger generation. It is unclear whether Amir's mistakes will also subsequently affect Sohrab as Hosseini leaves the reader with an open ending, where the reader is left to speculate. However the resonance of Amir's words of: 'For you a thousand times over' echoes as a spoken promise that he will stand by Sohrab and return the loyalty he was shown by Hassan and Sohrab's counter smile indicates that, there is hope for Amir and Sohrab's relationship, will not reiterate that of Amir and Baba's. The ending not only inspires hope for Sohrab and Amir's father/son relationship but also for Afghanistan, the land that they love."

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