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AS and A Level: Other Authors

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  1. Brenda in 'A Handful of Dust'. In this excerpt, which takes place after Tony has left for the Amazon, Waugh continues to allow his reader to come to their own conclusions about the characteristics and behaviour of Brenda by examining what she does and wh

    Indeed, it is ironic that Brenda is discussing her life with Jock as we learnt from Mrs. Beaver at the start of the novel that "everyone thought that she would marry Jock Grant Menzies" and Jock himself seems to have always had a high opinion of the "grand girl" and "devoted wife" (irony). It appears that his opinion does not alter despite his knowledge of Brenda's adultery and rather unfeeling reaction to the news he himself delivered on the death of her son as we learn at the end of the novel that Brenda goes on to marry him.

    • Word count: 1346
  2. Spies. How does Frayn display Stephen and Keiths relationship at the start of the novel?

    being satirical, about the school and class system enforced upon him and his childhood friend. The specific words 'right' and 'wrong' are extremely important within this rant as they further emphasise his disgust and distaste for said system. They do this by simplifying the system down to its basic principles without mannerisms or politeness, i.e. the 'right' school was only for those that were from the 'right' families whereas the 'wrong' school was for those that weren't from those families. This simplistic view can be compared notably with the idea of 'good' and 'evil', or 'black' and 'white', which shows the reader that the idea that people can be treated in that manner because of prejudices is ridiculous.

    • Word count: 1123
  3. How does Khaled Hosseini tell the story in chapter 4 of The Kite Runner?

    That boy was Ali." Hosseni shows us through showing method that Amir has inner conflict as he is confused whether he should call Hassan his friend or not, one of the things that make him confused is because even Baba never referred to Ali as his friends, we know this because Amir says "but none of his stories did Baba reder to Ali as his friends", with the use of anaphora of the word "nevermind" we as readers witness that Amir is a very confused character.

    • Word count: 1414
  4. "Spies" analysis. The narrator presents the boys as being inexperienced and childish in order to put emphasis on their obliviousness.

    The narrator presents Stephen as misled in order to emphasise his obliviousness. 'I understand now that it will involve frightening difficulties and wrenching conflicts of loyalty. I have a profound intimation of the solemnity and sadness of things.' The narrator uses war connotations, such as 'wrenching conflicts of loyalty', in order to put emphasis on the gravity of their situation. This is a microcosm, in which Keith and Stephen's world is perceived as being a war or conflict of some sort and acts as an embodiment of the Second World War, in which it is a sinister world of lies and espionage, as in the Second World War, many people changed sides.

    • Word count: 858
  5. How does Haddon use colour to the tell story in Curious Incident of the dog in the night-time

    The reader would be able to associate yellow with disease. Thus through use of colour Haddon creates imagery, which the reader can interpret, but which also Christopher can report as it is factual unlike a metaphor. The descriptions of colour not only create a mood throughout the story but also allow us to form some sort of judgement or have insight in to the other characters. For example whilst Christopher merely observes Mrs Shears wearing "pink nail varnish" as readers without AS we can interpret that Mrs Shears is feminine and perhaps vain.

    • Word count: 1067
  6. Janet Frame Towards Another Summer" Chapter 15 Analysis Essay

    Much of 'Summer' constitutes of extensive and relaxed syntax, which not only exposes every thought and feeling Grace has in a lengthy stream of consciousness, but also indicates to readers Grace's highly observant disposition and tendency to have complex cognitions. When reaching the library, Frame shows this with "Anne changed Sarah's book while Sarah watched dismayed, as the seaside book where the animals had been picnicking on the sands, eating tomato sandwiches, ice cream and bananas, disappeared over the desk, and when the new book was found for her she looked suspiciously at it."

    • Word count: 1141
  7. Spies by Michael Frayn. How does Frayn show Stephen's mental progression from childhood to adolescence? You should refer to language, form and structure in your answer.

    This is furthered by the opening line of the second chapter - "Everything is as it was" ... "and everything has changed" exhibits that while Stephen's surroundings have persevered, it is all different, due to his perception, how it has matured, and allowed him to see things in a completely different light, despite little physical change. Furthermore, a lexical field of spying is employed in Chapter 5. For example: "hiding and watching in the gloaming, for sending and receiving messages in invisible ink, for wearing moustaches and beards" this exhibits the extent to which young Stephen's perception is blurred -

    • Word count: 1212
  8. Dominant characters appear in most of Katherine Mansfields anthology The Collected Stories, usually in a form of an anti-hero or just a nagging wife and kids.

    'He was watching there, hidden away-just behind the door'. Another example of Mansfield's use of descriptive language is Mr. Neave is pressured by his family to retire.' Sitting at home, twiddling his thumbs, conscious all the while that his life's work was slipping away, dissolving, and disappearing through Harold's fine fingers.' The descriptive language used frequently in Mansfield's stories enables the reader to experience the effects of the Colonel's dominance on his Children. In constant fear of their [dead] father ready to spring out, forces the twins to 'be weak', and retreat from their fathers room.

    • Word count: 1051
  9. Katherine Mansfield The Collected Stories. Katherine Mansfield is a modernistic writer of the 20th century who often used erotic imagery to convey human emotions within her stories.

    There is an apparent tension between both characters which can be seen clearly using this imagery of nature. The use of sexual motifs can also be seen in The Little Governess as the Governess enjoys the succulent strawberries with an old man she has recently met. "They were so big and juicy she had to take two bites to them-the juice ran all down her fingers". This thrilling imagery clearly indicates the old man's inner desires for the young Governess, along with the power of fruit and temptation within her stories. Mansfield often uses sexuality and nature within her story to better explain the true desires of her characters.

    • Word count: 959
  10. Analyse Barkers presentation of the love between men in the novel Regeneration.

    She also uses him as a vehicle to explore how homosexuality was treated The way Barker presents homosexuality in 'Regeneration' helps the reader understand the struggle that some men had to hide there sexuality. Although Barker doesn't actually say that Sassoon is homosexual straight up it is hinted throughout the novel in the conversations he has and the way he acts around certain men. For example, in the conservative club, it is revealed by the narrator that "It was possible to see the nape of his neck, defenceless under the stiff collar."

    • Word count: 1621
  11. Context of A Thousand Splendid Suns. A Thousand Splendid Suns explores the lives of 2 Afghan women, who oppressed and subjugated, develop a close relationship in order to brave and survive the hardship of lie. Afghanistan at the time was extremely u

    Therefore, it could be said he is struggling for his identity he feels guilt for having not returned to his country in it's time of need, leading him to question his loyalty and traits as a person. The novel has not been published in Afghanistan. It is probably because Afghans reader would have little -time or money to spend, but it could be because they would be outraged at his American-style writing, due to its open confrontation of difficult moral, social and political issues.

    • Word count: 462
  12. Analyse Roths writing in pages 127-130 The fate of Alvin is one of the fundamental strands of the novel which are entwined at its conclusion, showing how the people around Philip (and Philip himself) have been affected by the Lindbergh administration.

    This uncertainty is repeated within the section when, "imitating Sandy", Philip runs to greet him. This uncertainty is omnipresent in the novel, and Roth making the reader aware of his own uncertainty is one of the main ways in which it is exhibited. His fear is again shown by his thoughts of Little Robert, the homeless amputee which he occasionally passes on the way to Herman's place of work. Philip fears that Alvin will become an outcast, a social reject who people do not regard as a human, as he did with regards to Little Robert, "the living stump".

    • Word count: 976
  13. In Mark Haddons Curious Incident of The Dog the narrative voice of volatile teenager, Christopher Boone is extremely influential in his quest to lead us through his turbulent relationship with not only his father, but also all those that are asso

    The effective portrayal of these cultural differences via both narrative voices is pivotal in highlighting the vast differences in the lifestyles of the respective narrators. Whilst, Matilda is accustomed to the noise of 'gunfire' and 'redskins', Christopher's biggest concern was whether it would be a 'super good day'. Christopher appears to almost be symbolic of the typical teenager, as essentially he is only concerned about himself. The use of the narrative voice succeeds in showing what triggers Christopher's breaking point, and even going a long way to explaining his unusual dislike for the colour 'yellow' The contrast between both narrators is clear and the use of this cultural difference is effective for an array of reasons.

    • Word count: 2140
  14. What do we learn about the character of young John Coetzee in "Boyhood"?

    Coetzee spotlights the, arguably, most difficult years in our lives as childhood is the time when we are most undecided about our destination. The novel provides a very high level of insight into Coetzee's mind and his view of himself as a child growing up. Coetzee strikes the reader as an unusual and almost strange child that both relishes and hates being different.

    • Word count: 425
  15. Susie's Afterlife Essay - The Lovely Bones How does Sebold use representations of speech and other literary techniques to portray Susies feelings about her afterlife in the following extract (Chapter 2, Pages 19-20) and in one other extract in the nov

    While in the first extract Susie's heaven appears mundane, even boring, in my chosen extract (Susie's meeting with her grandfather) Sebold shows a more spiritual, paranormal element of heaven - the typical idea of heaven that most readers imagine. In Chapter 2 there is a clear sense of Susie's immaturity and innocence, highlighting the tragedy of her death and suggesting that Susie does not belong in heaven and should be on Earth with her family - this reflects Susie's desire to cling onto her life on Earth.

    • Word count: 1134
  16. Despair in James Baldwin's 'Another Country'

    This haunting reminder of guilt is presented in Rufus' final moments before his suicide, and is poignantly depicted contrapuntally against the present moment, emphasising his inability to confront reality: Everyone was gone except Jane and Rufus and Vivaldo. I wouldn't mind being in jail but I've got to stay there so long... The seats the others had occupied were like a chasm now between Rufus and the white boy and the white girl. 'Let's have another drink,' Vivaldo said.

    • Word count: 1140
  17. How do Paulas early experiences shape the way she develops as a person?

    This caused the reader to wonders what has caused Paula to become so skittish and frightened. Doyle soon provides the answer as he explores Paula's childhood. The news triggers Paula to reminiscence her past experiences. However, Paula recalls her memories in non-chronological manner and in a stream of consciousness which suggests her fragmented mind. Possibly, due to Paula's agonising past or alcoholism as a means of self-protection from the abuse. The structure of the novel is told in a combination of flashbacks of her childhood, her first meeting, dates then marriage with Charlo and the present time of how she is dealing with the news of Charlo's death whilst the same time exploring what really happened.

    • Word count: 1959
  18. With Reference to Act I, show how Leontes Jealousy reveals him to be in rebellion with himself

    In the very first scene, Leontes and Polixines are presented as being extremely close, almost like brothers. This bond is reflected in the relationship between Archidamus and Camillo, lords from Bohemia and Sicilia respectively. Their conversation in the opening scene is very friendly and shows a very strong bond between the men, which implies that Polixines and Leontes must be equally close. Furthermore, from their conversation, we learn that the Kings have been very close since childhood. Camillo says that "they were trained together in their childhoods, and there rooted betwixt / them then such an affection which cannot choose but branch now".

    • Word count: 1296
  19. What would you say is the role of the reader in Umberto Ecos The Name of the Rose?

    These two characters also have a tendency to indulge into philosophical discussions at the wrong moments. For example, when the library and the monastery burn down in the end of the book, and all the monks run around in a frenzy to save themselves, Adso and William stand on the side and talk about 'the meaning of life'. However, this does not make the book sound as a theology textbook as the reader learns a lot with Adso during the seven days at the monastery. In addition to challenging the reader to solve the mystery of the monk's dream, Umberto Eco presents a second puzzle.

    • Word count: 2097
  20. The Hound of the Baskervilles

    The setting for the story came from Doyle's visit to the foreboding landscape of the English moors, their sinister prehistoric ruins and the treacherous boggy terrain surrounding them. While there, he heard tales about murderous escaped prisoners stalking the moors for victims and of a 17th-century tale of a cruel aristocrat having his throat torn out by his own dog. From there, he developed the tale of the Baskerville hellhound, a terror that haunts the the family, and could mean the end of the Baskerville line.

    • Word count: 695
  21. Cormac McCarthy the road

    Apart from our protagonists the others exist with no purpose or belief. Simply put now the 'god spoke' have left this is what remains, a world where anarchy rules and what the father simply sees as "the nothingness" of McCarthy's post apocalyptic world The once beautiful American climate and landscape is fast becoming completely inhospitable, It is a fact, that if the cannibals do not kill them, the landscape and weather will, (an example of this is when they come across the man that has been struck by lightening or the father's persistent coughing made worse by the air or when the boy gets a fever.)

    • Word count: 2675
  22. How significant is the title in Michael Fraynes text, Spies?

    Being boys they would regularly play games associated with mystery and danger, espionage for example. This game is heavily contrasted with the grim reality of the secret meetings and sudden death as Stephen grows up around slow disintegration of the Hayward family. Frayn cleverly combines childhood, secrecy, innocence and the suppressed violence whilst demonstrating the idea that what we see in front of us may not always be reality. Frayn first subtly hints Stephen German background- ''there are cheap flights to that far-off nearby land.' The word 'nearby' hints that England is metaphorically close to him however 'far-off' implies that in a literal sense England is actually far away from him, this may also suggest that his time occupied in England was a very long time ago.

    • Word count: 889
  23. To Da-duh, in Memoriam

    This would then unravel into a back and forth game as Da-duh would be then allowed to try and prove her wrong. In addition, Da-duh's comments about New York and it's "foolish people" and her "faint mocking smile" show the superiority she feels her world has over her granddaughter's. As the narrator tells her grandmother about the everyday machines back in New York, she leans that one of Da-duh's signs of surrender was "her fear, a fear nameless and profound."

    • Word count: 1610
  24. How does Hosseini create drama and tension in the rape scene?

    This has dismal, depressing connotations, almost as if the weather is in mourning. Hassan and Amir are on a pedestal: together, the boys have faced their biggest victory against their antagonistic arch-enemy, Assef, a powerful cruel teenage Pashtun. By using a series of simple and complex sentences, the reader is taken on the victorious journey of being a kite running winner with Amir. "Then the moment came/ I closed my eyes and loosened my grip on the string..." Every emotion, look, feeling and smell is heightened at this precise moment so when Hosseini writes that Amir next sees Hassan "smile unabashedly, twenty-six years later" the feeling of unease begins.

    • Word count: 629
  25. Analysis of chapter two- A handful of dust

    2. Why does Jenny call Tony Teddy? Jenny insists on calling Tony Teddy in order to be more personal and intimate and therefore abolishes all formalities of surnames so instead of Mr Last, she is able to call him by what she believes is his first name, this is amusing as in fact, she has mistaken his name. Tony feels awkward, and due to Waugh focusing heavily on speech, as readers we feel Tony's discomfort, as he is hesitant to answer her questions and when he does, we sense his discomfort; his use of contradictory language 'No...yes. I mean I know very little about it', demonstrates this.

    • Word count: 1222

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