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How does Michael Frayn present the relationship between Stephen Wheatley and Keith Hayward?

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SPIES How does Michael Frayn present the relationship between Stephen Wheatley and Keith Hayward? The way Michael Frayn presents the relationship between Stephen Wheatley and Keith Hayward changes throughout the novel. Towards the beginning of the play the two boys are good friends, but Keith is the leader and Stephen is the led. There is a big difference in the social status of the two boys. Keith goes to the 'right local preparatory school' and wears yellow and black which are the 'right' colours whereas Stephen wears green and black and goes to the 'wrong' school. The difference in Keith and Stephen's social status reflects on their relationship. 'He was the officer corps in our two man army. I was the other ranks- and grateful to be so. This shows that Stephen understands the difference between him and his friend and he is satisfied with this position. Stephen is allowed to go to Keith's house but the Haywards do not treat him as well as they could and this could be because Stephen and his family have a low status in the close and are not respected as much. ...read more.


This shows that Stephen looks up to the Haywards and almost envies them. He feels that they are the perfect family and longs to be like them. Here Michael Frayn is showing the nature of perception, how a child views things. The truth about the Haywards is that Keith's father is a rigid, cold taskmaster who beats Keith with a cane and Keith's mother conceals s secret, but not the one the boys suspect. The theme of dominance and bullying is clearly presented in the play by Stephen and Keith's relationship. Keith bullies Stephen and Stephen feels so worthless that he allows Keith to bully him. When Stephen is 'bored' of the game he shows that he is sick of being 'bossed around all the time.' The theme of bullying is presented in the novel again when Keith cuts Stephen's throat. This shows that Keith has turned out to be like his father who also used the same method of torture with Keith's mother that is why 'in the heat ...read more.


He appeared really different and Stephen almost feared him, knowing what was to come. The punishment of breaking the oath. Stephen feels that Keith has changed. 'His eyes look into mine. They're the eyes of a stranger.' It is at this point when the relationship between the two boys ends. All those games, the lemon barley and chocolate spread was no more. The style that Frayn uses is that he respects the young Stephen's point of view, without claiming authority over it. He uses the third person to explain aspects of the novel. From which the young Stephen cannot explain at that point. The sense of smell, the taste of lemon barely, the taste of the chocolate spread is a style that Frayn uses to recreate the memory and make it real. Frayn never reveals Stephens age, to allow the reader to predict the age of Stephen based on Stephens ignorance. All these techniques help Frayn present the relationship between Keith and Stephen clearly and effectively. ?? ?? ?? ?? Wafia pervez ...read more.

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