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AS and A Level: William Golding
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- Peer Reviewed essays 6
Lord of the Flies, on the surface, may resemble any other children adventure story. Beyond its literal sense, however, it actually has a lot more to offer: it is an attempt to unfold the superficiality and fragility of civilization, a pessimistic an5 star(s)
With no adult surviving the crash, the boys are left to fend for themselves. Ralph, our protagonist, plays the role of a leader by summoning them all to the beach with the help of a conch shell. Here is where our antagonist, Jack and his choirboys are introduced. As seemingly educated and civilized children, the group is absolutely rational at the outset: they hold an election to vote for a chief (Ralph is elected); they formulate rules to maintain discipline; they take up different responsibilities and duties. Unfortunately, the children's goodness and self-discipline are quickly overridden by their underlying evil, barbaric and sadistic instincts.
- Word count: 1915
Ralph blows the conch to summon the others, and Piggy tries to learn the names of the boys who come. Then, the choirboys come, commanded by Jack, in a regimented group. Jack immediately queries Ralph's authority: " 'We'd better all have names,' said Ralph, 'so I'm Ralph.' 'We got most names,' said Piggy. 'Got 'em just now.' 'Kids' names,' said Merridew. 'Why should I be Jack? I'm Merridew.' " Though this wish is never actually respected by the other boys, who almost immediately revert to calling him Jack, he has registered his dissent and has already upset the friendliness of the boys' fledgling community.
- Word count: 1152
On the first page, a reference is made to 'Abraham and Isaac'. At surface level, this story seems irrelevant - Jocelin is exultant, convinced he is finally able to do the will of God, and thr story of Abraham could be seen as a tragic one. Abraham is told by God that he must sacrifice his son, and because of his blind faith, he agrees. However, at the last moment an angel stopes him. Perhaps Jocelin looks up to Abraham, admires him for his strength of faith. Perhaps it demonstrates from the very beginning how far he is willing to go to build his spire 'for God'.
- Word count: 1413
Piggy agrees to allow them to use his glasses to start the fire. However, after neglecting to monitor their first fire, part of the island is sent up in flames. and one of the younger boys goes missing. Ralph and another boy, Simon, construct huts for the survivors to live in, and Ralph is irritated when all of the other boys spend their time playing rather than helping. After attempting to express this problem to Jack, Ralph finds that although Jack's hunting party is not making any progress, hunting is all Jack cares about.
- Word count: 1054
However, he realises that, if he does not intervene, their adultery will prevent Roger from leaving. Roger's wife Rachel reveals that she and her husband are childless because she finds sex makes her laugh. Jocelin climbs to the roof to inspect the work and finds it exhilarating. However, he has what is eventually revealed to be tuberculosis of the spine, and this illness gradually becomes worse. He is also increasingly troubled by sexual dreams relating to his own attraction to Goody. A pit has been dug in order for the master builder to look for foundations, and there is a crisis when the earth in it is seen to be creeping.
- Word count: 1191
What does chapter one of "The Spire" reveal about Jocelin and his attitude to other people? How does Golding's language reveal the extent to which he deceives himself?
As the paragraph continues it is revealed just how much Jocelin is infatuated with Goody for example, when she does not follow the same routine as usual, he has to 'glimpse the long, sweet face' as she turns away from him. Golding's use of the word 'glimpse' suggests that Jocelin is purposely looking out for her 'sweet face'. Golding repeats this word later in the paragraph 'got a glimpse of green dress', this too implies that Jocelin is trying to see more of Goody.
- Word count: 1725
at her, he mentions her only as "Pangall's wife" which is incredibly reminiscent of Steinbeck's Of Mice And Men where the female of the story is only referred to as "Curley's wife" and her actual name is not specified, names are quite symbolic in terms of how much value the other characters revere her, and over here in The Spire, Jocelin only seems to associate her as a nameless object, devoid of human definition. When you take away the name of the character, you disassociate that character from the main frame of other characters who actually do have names, and
- Word count: 1540
Society keeps everybody sane and civilized; people need rules and principles to live by. Without rules and a moral compass, humans tend to revert back to a pre-civilized culture. People are so comfortable in the confines of a civilization that when those confines are removed, people turn into savages. Even in an uncivilized world, some taboos could not be broken. ?Roger gathered a handful of stones and began to throw them. Yet there was a space around Henry, perhaps six yards in diameter, into which he dare not throw. Here, invisible yet strong, was the taboo of the old life.
- Word count: 1099
Golding describes Ralph as being ?filthy.? Later, he is compared to a ?scarecrow? and is thought by the officer to be in need of a ?bath,? ?haircut,? ?nose-wipe,? and ?ointment.? The other boys are also described in great detail by Golding. As Jack?s boys come out of the jungle yelling, their screams are described as ?ululations.? As the officer looks more carefully at them, he sees that they are ?streaked with colored clay? and have ?sharp sticks? in their hands.
- Word count: 1064