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AS and A Level: Jane Austen
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- Marked by Teachers essays 5
- Peer Reviewed essays 1
Her novels exclude the lower classes-both the industrial masses of the big cities and the agricultural labourers in the countryside. Three or four families in the country village is the very thing to work on. She does not show any of the great agonies or darker side of human experience. There is no hunger, poverty, misery or terrible vices and very little of the spiritual sphere of experience. Nor do we see any political dimension or even discussions regarding major political happenings in any of her novels.
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Austen cleverly uses this technique to allow the reader to create an intimate and emotionally engaging relationship with Elizabeth. By using this narrative technique at the opening of the chapter this allows the reader to connect to the character so throughout the chapter the reader can take on the thoughts and feelings of Elizabeth. 'Free indirect style' is a subtle take on 'stream of consciousness' and refers to the character in the third person. This style coincides with Austen's previous choices of narrative techniques and moves the narration from a more detached voice to one that is more intimately connected to one character.
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How far do you agree that Jane Austens novel Pride and Prejudice is no more than an entertaining study of the surface of polite society and its trivial doings?3 star(s)
from their own home, since should they not be married they could be facing the same options as Jane Fairfax in Austen's 'Emma', left to 'the governess trade', with it's sinister echo of 'the slave trade'. Also, and perhaps more importantly, she explores not only how women were victims in society, but through Wickham how they were powerless, direct victims of men. The unsettling story of him and Georgiana Darcy shows women as quite powerless, as he exploited her innocence and memory, because 'her affectionate heart retained a strong impression of his kindness to her as a child'.
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She demonstrates this with the manner in which she turns down Mr. Collins' proposal, explaining her refusal of his hand in marriage, 'You could not make me happy, and I am convinced that I am the last woman in the world who would make you so'. Mr. Collins is so shocked by her rationality he believes it can only be due to her modesty; and hopes 'when I do myself the honour of speaking to you next I shall hope to receive a much more favourable answer'.
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Pride and Prejudice was originally called First Impressions and it is through the letter that Mr Bennet receives that we learn of Mr Collins and our very own first impressions are formed. Jane Austen's choice to introduce Mr Collins to us in the form of a letter gives us an idea to his formal personality and to his social awkwardness. The letter shows him to be very pompous in style, referring greatly to the fact that he was so "fortunate as to be distinguished by the patronage of the Right honourable Lady Catherine de Bourgh' and in response he feels he must 'endeavour to demean myself with grateful respect towards her Ladyship'.
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How does Flaubert use the Agricultural fair at Rouen to further his satire of 19th century French society?5 star(s)
Though his attention to detail in places mirrors that of a realist or naturalist writer, this is not his essential purpose.2 Flaubert defies any attempt to fit his work to a particular movement or style in French literature, though there is little doubt that his work Madame Bovary is a reactionary satire of French romanticism and of the bourgeois society that regurgitated the clich�s of the movement. Each word in the novel is carefully chosen, so the book becomes a painstakingly constructed trap which ensnares the thoughts of the reader and guides them to the conclusions that Flaubert wants us to make.
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The effective depiction of realistic settings is essential to the success of Pride and Prejudice. This particular description is that of Hunsford Parsonage,
The darker aspect of the setting is also shown in the description of the narrator's house in 'The Yellow Wallpaper'. The narrator describes the house as a 'colonial mansion' and a 'haunted house', perhaps a way of both authors showing how the life of a perfect housewife in the 1800's was not the brightest and happiest. Charlotte Perkins-Gilman also presents to idea of isolation in the narrator's description of setting, seeing as she mentions the 'gates that lock', 'hedges and walls', 'box-bordered paths' as well as the fact it is 'three miles from the village', showing the narrator's isolation from society in a similar way to Mr Collins and Charlotte Lucas.
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In this essay I will be exploring the ways in which Jane Austen uses different narrative voices in her novel, Pride and Prejudice, from pages 281 to 283.
A letter can be used as a way of saying things that characters would not normally say in person because of the impersonal means of communication. Mr Collins usually finds himself with too much to say in some situations however, I do not feel that he would have expressed his feeling in the same way had he been in Longbourn; When Mr Collins visits the Bennet household for the first time he is interrupted by Lydia whilst reading to the family, he does not have a word of objection about this although you can tell that he is offended.
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Throughout the novel Austen is constantly mocking not only the gothic genre, but other genres of literature and social conventions of her time. She wrote during a time of political turmoil. In the late 18th Century, liberty was spreading. America had declared independence from Britain and a decade later the French Revolution broke out. It made the British monarchy so anxious about the threat of revolution in Britain, to such an extent that Britain went to war with France in 1793.
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For example, Emma being described in the first sentence as 'handsome, clever, and rich,' shows the importance of being rich within Austen's society, so much so that it is depicted in the first description of the character. In Austen's society, the upper class were seen as being snobbish towards the lower class. This can be seen to reflect the values in which Emma, as upper class and rich, would be expected by readers to uphold, such as ignorance towards lower classes; upper class ideas which she maintains until her encounter with Harriet.
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Pride and Prejudice chapter 19. In this chapter we see Elizabeths response towards Mr. Collins proposal and his reactions towards her
As soon as he says this, Mrs. Bennet quickly replies by saying "Oh dear! - Yes - certainly -I am sure Lizzy will be very happy- I am sure she can have no objection." By using this kind of dialogue, Austen directly informs the readers using a showing method that the only thing on Mr. Bennet's mind was good marriage for her daughters, Austen shows us this by using dramatic irony as when Mrs. Bennet says "I am sure Lizzy has no objections" she actually meant that she (Mrs.
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As in the previous chapter when Elizabeth turns down his proposal she now suddenly has a thought that "to be the mistress of Pemberley might be something" this shows the readers that Elizabeth point of view towards Darcy is starting to change slowly where as in the previous chapters she would never have thought of this idea, Austen showed the readers using a foreshadowing method in the previous chapters that Elizabeth later on in the novel at some point will change her feelings toward Darcy even if she doesn't completely like him.
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David Daiches also observes this attitude, commenting 'she exposes the economic basis of social behaviour with an ironic smile' as she satirises her own society. His pride is evident as he 'danced only once with Mrs. Hurst, and once with Miss Bingley, declined to be introduced to any other lady', and only 'spoke occasionally to one of his own party', however his rejection of Meryton is understandable as he is judged by them for nothing more than his eligibility. Austen's encouragement of the reader to also reject the society allows them to understand his actions, as she proves Meryton in
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She has, for nearly all her life, been confined to Hartfield and its grounds, and is snobbish and disdainful towards those in closer contact with nature - Mr Martin, a farmer and Harriet's suitor, and the gypsies who harass Harriet when she takes a country path. Mr Knightley on the other hand, is to a certain extent the book's voice of reason, and has a less fanciful and more practical attitude towards nature, with tasteful grounds and farmland. Outdoor settings are also used to characterise romantic relationships in Emma and to some extent in some of Austen's other novels.
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Of the arrival of Mr Bingley to the village Mrs Bennet declares: 'A single man of large fortune; four or five thousand a year. What a fine thing for our girls!' (1,6) This set's a precedent for the character of Mrs Bennet, of whom we are told: 'The business of her life was to get her daughters married' (1, 6). Mrs Bennet's obsession is not entirely without reason however, we learn later that: 'Mr Bennet's property consisted almost entirely in an estate of two thousand a year, which, unfortunately for his daughters was entitled in default of heirs male, on a distant relation' (7,29).
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Austen wrote that Pride and Prejudice is too light, and bright, and sparkling; it wants shade. How far and In what ways do you agree with Austens view of her own novel?
For you are a young lady of deep reflection I know.' The fact that Austen mocks Mary in the form of the omniscient narrator is telling, as Eaglestone says, 'even the omniscient narrator is a character' guiding us as to how we should perceive each character and event. Lady Catherine is also caricaturised, her actions mocked and her intentions undermined. For example, 'whenever any of the villages were disposed to be quarrelsome, discontented or too poor; she sallied forth into the village to settle their differences, silence their complaints and scold them into harmony and plenty.'
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Contrary to their mother's incessant nettling, four of the five Bennett sisters marry by the end of the book. Charlotte and Mr. Collins, Lydia and Wickham, Jane and Bingley, and Elizabeth and Darcy are the happily wedded couples in Pride and Prejudice. But are all of them really happy together? In fact, only one couple marries because they find true love. For this reason, Elizabeth and Darcy will be the happiest together. The couple's destined happiness is not at first evident. Elizabeth is a woman of lower social stature than Mr. Darcy. From the first time they meet, their feelings of distaste are mutual.
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Austen portrays this belief through Charlotte Lucas whom after gaining some composure considers "Without thinking highly either of men or of matrimony, marriage had always been her object; it was the only honourable provision for a well-educated young woman of small fortune, and however uncertain of giving happiness, must be their pleasantest preservative from want" (Austen,J. 1853: 22). This amplifies the importance of the rejection of marriage by Elizabeth to Mr Collins, whom by the opinions of society at the time, the natural reaction for a woman in her situation would have been to accept.
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The Color Purple is the story of protagonist Celie, and her letters to God and her sister Nettie, outlining her thoughts and feelings throughout her life. As a poor African American woman, Celie is already at a disadvantage in life. She suffers a nasty childhood, from the grief of her mother's death to the raping of her by her stepfather (she first believes him to be her real father), who steals and gives away her two children fathered from him.
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Through the narrator, the reader sees Jane's reaction to Elizabeth's news telling us that she 'listened with astonishment and concern', pointing out Jane's concern for Mr Bingley, showing her fondness of him, worrying that he 'would have much to suffer when the affair became public'. Jane is being shown to the reader through free indirect speech while the narrator is still focalising, 'Jane listened with astonishment and concern;- she knew not how to believe that Mr. Darcy could be so unworthy of Mr.
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Therefore, we observe the white man intruding the African religion which is pregnant with superstitions, and steering them towards destruction in a way that they feel it is a natural process. The Christian religion brings with itself a strong government and peaceful trade. The people become more prosperous and the white men started gaining converts. Specifically, after the church of Mr. Kiaga survives on the Evil Forest for over twenty-eight days, they won a handful more converts. Moreover, for the first time, they comprised of a woman named Nneka, the wife of Amadi.
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should die, it would be a comfort to know that it was all in pursuit of Mr Bingley, and under your orders." Typically, Mrs Bennet's reply to this barbed criticism is oblivious to its irony - "Oh! I am not at all afraid of her dying" - revealing her own idiocy and perverse priorities. The Bennet marriage offers many such comic exchanges, such as the opening dialogue, in which Mrs Bennet's increasingly impatient enquiries are met with her husband's muted responses "Mr Bennet replied that he had not" and "Mr Bennet made no answer," until he finally resigns himself to hearing her, which the narrator wryly states "was invitation enough".
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What impressions do we get from Captain Wentworth, Austen(TM)s hero, from chapters 7 to 9? Take account of his actions, words and thoughts and what other characters say about him.
Austen makes us like Captain Wentworth without us having even met him through the opinions of other people. Not only do the Miss Musgrove's praise Wentworth, their father has a high opinion of him as well. We also see that Mary and Charles are desperate to meet him, to the extent that they will put from their minds one of their son's injuries to have dinner with Wentworth instead. Through their, in particular Mary's actions we see that Wentworth has been deemed important enough to warrant some excitement.
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However later in the novel we see that whilst she does not approve of how class conscious Sir Walter is, Austen is still a woman of her time and we see that she is class conscious, through Anne's reactions, but not to the degree that Sir Walter is. In the same chapter we also find out more about Mr Elliot's past relationship with the Elliot family, in particular with Elizabeth and Sir Walter, to an extent. We see that Mr Elliot has disappointed her, "the heir presumptive ...
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This can be shown in chapter 8, where Miss Bingley mock Elizabeth's behaviour and her family. Miss Bingley begins by stating, "I have an excessive regard for Jane Bennet, she is really a very sweet girl," to give the impression of being caring and thoughtful and continues to say, "I wish with all my heart she were well settled. But with such a father and mother and such low connections, I am afraid there is no chance of it." In this quote, Miss Bingley conveys fact as an opinion which she uses to try and manipulate her brother's views.
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