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AS and A Level: Jonathan Swift
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"Swift has a very bleak view of human nature." Discuss the ways in which Swift uses various satirical techniques in Gulliver's Travels to expose ills of human nature and failings of Englandand Europe's societies and institutions.
His ship crashes and he is finally cast upon the land of Lilliput. He falls to sleep due to sheer exhaustion and wakes up later, tied up. As he opens his eyes he see's the inhabitants of Lilliput, the Lilliputians. With their six inch stature he is shocked and confused to whom these species could be. A short while later he is released and talks to the king of Lilliput. Sadly the tiny size of the inhabitants makes everything about them, such as concerns, and beliefs seem so irrelevant and pathetic.
- Word count: 1095
How and why did Jonathan Swift challenge both the exploiter and the exploited in 'A Modest Proposal'?
The Irish were reproducing at an alarming rate. This was because of Catholicism and being Papist. It was mostly due to the fact that tat the time, children as young as five could be paid to work in cotton mills or down mines. As children were paid to do this work, they would give the money to their family to live on. So, more children were given birth to, for the family to live on. As, having more children also meant more money was going to feed that child. A lot of the time the children were abandoned to die.
- Word count: 993
In spite of his predicament, Gulliver is at first impressed by the intelligence and organizational abilities of the Lilliputians. On his first voyage, Swift places Gulliver in a land of miniature people where his giant size is meant as a metaphor for his superiority over the Lilliputians, thus representing English society's belief in superiority over all other cultures. Yet, despite his belief in superiority, Swift shows that Gulliver is not as great as he imagines when the forces of nature call upon him to relieve himself. Gulliver comments to the reader that before hand he, "was under great difficulties between urgency and shame", and after the deed says that he felt, "guilty of so unclean an action".
- Word count: 1424
Sick Swift - Analysing an article from the Irish herald that discussed Jonathan Swift's viel suggestion of human child digestion.
He wouldn't know what the conditions are like for workers in the countryside let alone know how fairly the landlords treat their tenants. Most outraged of all people seem to be the landlords who have been accused at the highest in this false allegation by Swift. We read some of the passage to some members of the public, this is the part we read out taken from A Modest Proposal "As to my own part, having turned my Thoughts for many Years, upon this important Subject, and maturely weighed the several Schemes of other Projectors, I have always found them grosly mistaken in their Computation.
- Word count: 1300
Gulliver's Travels is a series of four books about Lemuel Gulliver, a surgeon who has a group of adventures in four different areas.
Gulliver and the remaining crew members board a rowboat to escape the wrecked ship. The rowboat then turns over and Gulliver has t o swim to shore in order to survive. He falls asleep on the shore and when he wakes up from his slumber he finds himself tied down. Gulliver gets introduced to the Lilliputians where he is welcomed by them later on in the book. He is taken to the Emperor and the Emperor was really entertained by Gulliver. After a long time in Lilliput, he is used as a 'national resource' for Lilliput, used in the wars against Blefuscu.
- Word count: 971
As a result of their ideal ways of living, their environment is free of war, famine, laziness and diseases among many other pathologies. Gulliver learns that human beings, no matter how civilized they have become over many generations still retain those savage-like instincts which makes them act in disgusting ways. The yahoos are therefore a symbol of human beings in their worst forms and it is through observing the yahoos that Gulliver learns human beings are a far departure from what is considered 'ideal'.
- Word count: 1059
Gulliver's Travels - How Does Jonathon Swift use satire to show up the time in which he lived and the way people behaved?
Swift says, "You see few great persons about the court who are not adorned with one of these girdles." They're each full of their own importance. I say this because every individual shows off his or her medal. Swift also has the feeling that you don't need ability anymore to get on in life. He ridicules this as well. You just need to 'kowtow' to the leader. He's using circus imagery. Jumping through hoops being put through paces. They're picked because of their allegiance to the Emperor, not on political intellectual merit. He also uses ridicule in the last part of Book 1 when Gulliver urinates on the Palace and in doing so gets the Queen wet.
- Word count: 1931
Characters such as the people in the Court at Lilliput and their antics to procure promotion, and the people in the Academy at Lagado and their time consuming and worthless research are examples of this criticism. In book one in Lilliput the reader is presented with some amusement during the descriptions given of the court proceedings, and how meaningless they are. The ceremonies are over the top and unnecessary, the awarding of honours is ridiculed, and the political differences and mocked when Gulliver informs the reader about the disputes over how an egg should be eaten.
- Word count: 1522
Often, Swift gives the reader direct comparisons. Two good examples of these are the people in the Court at Lilliput and their antics to procure promotion, and the people in the Academy at Lagado and their time consuming and worthless research. As the reader travels through each book the humanity becomes more degenerate and despicable and the reader is left to face himself or herself in the Yahoo, whereas the well-bred horse portrays the superior, sensitive, intelligent and virtuous characteristics.
- Word count: 1862
When he first arrived in their land, the Lilliputians opted to tie him up, giving him no freedom, which he luckily did not object to. Then, once they had developed a relationship with him, Gulliver was basically forced to abide to their rules and way of life, and ultimately to be a weapon in a war against neighboring island, Blefescu over the best way to open a boiled egg.
- Word count: 764
Compare the persuasive techniques and the development of the argument in 'Old Major's speech' and Jonathan Swift's A Modest Proposal.
This makes it seem like everything he is going to tell them is wise, true and worth listening to. In the third paragraph of his speech, he is brutally honest, and works up the animals, to get them angry. He tells them "our lives are miserable, laborious and short". This is the 'problem'. He then tells them the 'solution' to the problem. He channels their anger towards man. He asks hypothetical questions, and then answers them for the animals, so that he is almost telling them what to think.
- Word count: 2723
Guillivers Travels. In this essay I will discuss all 4 voyages in which Gulliver embarks on and how they represent aspects of human nature.
In the first narrative we see everything through Lemur Gulliver?s eyes; an English physician and a traveller. We see Gulliver?s view of the world, but also realise that Lilliputians are a product of Swift imagination; with Swifts main purpose to produce a satirical critique of human kind and society. This allows us to read Gulliver?s travels on multiple levels. We trust his narrative due to the detailed descriptions he gives of his voyages and the biographical details. However, it is difficult to regard Gulliver as a ?heroic character? despite undergoing tremendous feats such as being shipwrecked (numerous times), attacked with arrows, taken captured by pirates etc.
- Word count: 4380