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AS and A Level: Other Authors

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  1. In Melvilles Bartleby the Scrivener, Melville displays the life of a person, named Bartelby, who does almost nothing with his life except write.

    Most of "Bartelby and the Scrivener" centers on writing and how it is necessary in the law practice. Scriveners are law copyists which means their job is to copy law documents for the lawyer to have. At first, Bartelby was a dedicated worker who never stopped copying throughout the day. He did not even take the time to take a lunch break but rather had snacks delivered to him. But as the story continues, Bartelby deteriorates as a worker by first refusing to look over copied documents then finally giving up writing all together.

    • Word count: 1463
  2. In the Fall Of The House of Usher, how does Edgar Allan Poe lend the Narrator the qualities of a character like the others? To what extent is he reliable as a narrator?

    We are drawn along with the Narrator into the mystery of the House of Usher, which acts as a hook to lure us in. From the beginning, there is a sense of an atmosphere of 'decay' and 'insufferable gloom' and even the Narrator is not entirely sure why he is there, except for the heartfelt plea from his childhood friend. The house is described as having 'vacant eye-like windows', this personification creates the impression that the house is living. Roderick has developed a theory that all inanimate things are in fact, sentient.

    • Word count: 918
  3. Alice in Wonderland: A Comparison between the Novel by Lewis Carroll and the Film Adaptation of Tim Burton

    The film's approach to the story is slightly different as it begins with Alice as a child explaining to her father the recurring dream she has of falling down a hole into mysterious place. The film then showcases what her family is like and how she relates to them as she attends a ball with her mother and sister. It is after Lord Hamish asks for Alice's hand in marriage at this ball that she runs off after a white rabbit and then slips into a large rabbit hole while looking inside of it.

    • Word count: 1503
  4. Sympathy for the betrayers and the betrayed. Cresseid and Madame Bovary are dissimilar to Emma in so far as they experience a development as a result of their infidelity, the former explicitly and the latter implicitly.

    Henryson's detailed description gave rise to at least one suggestion that he himself was a physician. The Gods marred her, declaring, 'Your eyes so bright and crystal I make bloodshot / Your voice so clear, unpleasing, grating, hoarse / Your healthy skin I blacken, blotch and spot / With livid lumps I cover your fair face'. Cupid's declaration of, 'Your mirth I hereby change to melancholy' is one of a series of semantically opposite, yet alliterative words, which in this instance, are used to display the unfavourable contrast of Cresseid's existence before her punishment and afterwards, whilst also augmenting the malicious and sadistic nature of the Gods.

    • Word count: 3896
  5. Colonial literature from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries has made a large impact on society today. Literature from both the Puritan era and the Age of Reason contribute to this impact.

    Three qualities of American writing from the Colonial period are the beliefs of providence, self improvement, and divine mission. The belief in God's providence is a major feature found throughout Colonial literature. God's providence was the idea that it was in God's power to control the salvation and damnation of humans. Their destinies were predetermined and they would live their lives looking for signs of grace. Every outcome of an action was considered a sign as God's providence. They believed God's intervention in their everyday lives revealed their fate. The belief in providence is predominately seen throughout Puritan writing, one of which being William Bradford's Of Plymouth Plantation.

    • Word count: 1029
  6. Explore the narrative techniques used in the opening of "Heart of Darkness".

    The oppressive atmosphere of London and the freedom of the river is reinforced through reiteration of gloom and darkness which contrasted against imagery of light. For example, the river is described as "shining pacifically, the sky without a speck was benign immensity of unstained light." Imagery of unstained light, on water is one of beauty and also gives a sense of purity, and adventure; On the other hand the gloom brooding motionless seems creates a sense of foreboding Conrad uses repetition of the word "gloom" and "brooding" throughout to reinforce this ominous atmosphere.

    • Word count: 900
  7. The ending of The Yellow Wallpaper. Breakdown or Breakthrough

    I never saw such a garden'. Here Charlotte Perkins Gilman presents the narrator as exceptionally melodramatic by her use of superlatives and seemingly unnecessary speculation of inanimate objects, probably to show her mental instability and the breakdown she is going through that causes her to obsess like this. At first she describes the wallpaper as 'committing every artistic sin', the colour being 'repellent' and 'sickly sulphur', her first impressions of it as it becomes apparent to her, that it is repulsive and not conforming to ordinary conventions of what 'art' is.

    • Word count: 2834
  8. Wide Sargasso Sea-Explore how far you feel Antoinette is uncertain of her own identity

    The main reason why Antoinette is so lonely is because where she lives. Antoinette is not exposed to any children her own age and she spends her days in the gardens, as she says 'when I was safely home I sat close to the old wall at the end of the garden'. Nature seems to form a basis of Antoinette's identity as she seeks solace in it. Antoinette has had to undergo a great deal of neglect by her mother. Mother's play a vital role in forming one's identity and Antoinette is aware of her mother's disinterest in her, shown by Antoinette saying, 'she is ashamed of me'.

    • Word count: 1585
  9. The Age of Innocence - Ultimately a study of failure and frustration

    This constitutes the fact that Newland's choices were not ones of frustration, but rational choices that can be defended. Newland Archer defends the right of divorced women to make a new life with another man, and condemns the hypocrisy that allowed men, but not women to seek sexual fulfilment outside of a failed marriage: "I'm sick of the hypocrisy that would bury alive a woman of her age if her husband prefers to live with harlots... Women ought to be free - as free as we are." Such a strong statement seems to represent a frustration towards his fellow New Yorkers, however, with many of Newland's sweeping statements, the reader feels that he has not fully thought his view through, or doesn't even truly adhere to them, as Newland's own marriage is very traditional, but also oppressing him.

    • Word count: 858
  10. Harp in the south

    The term deception refers to the betrayal of others, in particular their loved ones. And 'misfits' refer to individuals in society who feel they don't belong. Throughout the mini-series Hughie is involved in deception, caused by the struggles and hardships he faces trying to find his place in Surry Hills. Hughie, like many other of the characters in The Harp in the South has dreams outside of Surry Hills. He dreams of living in the country and being a part of a marching band, a dream that is shown through the use of drum rolls and marching band music whenever Hughie is present.

    • Word count: 859
  11. Heart of Darkness

    Nature is a primeval, mysterious enigma that swallows light and sound, rationality and language, imprisoning them deep within its immense folds. It also speaks to the primitive and savage side of the human psyche, with power to mesmerize and lure. Thus the journey up-river the narrative acquires an increasingly symbolic meaning, and the natural landscape becomes a psychological as much as a physical reality. Marlow emphasises the dream-like quality of the experience: the "earth seemed unearthly" (p.39) ...'The rest of the world was nowhere, as far as our eyes and ears were concerned.

    • Word count: 1600
  12. The Fall of the House of Usher - Edgar Allen Poe

    The narrator recieves a letter from Roderick Usher claiming "of a mental disorder which opressed him". This fact is one of the first we discover about Usher and this causes a sense of mystery due to the lack if information we have on Usher's personality. Peter Schaffer's play 'Equus', is presented in the same way, with as little information on one of the lead characters 'Alan Strang' and just the knowledge that he is mentally disturbed causing a similar effect as to the one Poe imposes on the reader. Furthermore, this makes the idea of his mental illness somehow significant in it's presentation to us and perhaps outlines that it will be an important asset to the story.

    • Word count: 639
  13. To what extent is The Tenant of Wildfell Hall fundamentally concerned with exploring the possibility of salvation?

    This sense of responsibility over her son portrays a strong willed character within Helen, implying to the reader that her own spirit is her own salvation. Eight weeks after Helen marries Arthur Huntingdon, she is writing in her journal about her misjudgement of his character. This indicates to the reader, the reason she judges people so harshly later in life is due to the fact she misjudged her husband. This once again implies a self-imposed position of authority, were she is allowed to judge people in life like God would in death.

    • Word count: 1091
  14. In the writing of Edgar Allan Poe, we see investigations into abnormal psychological states and obsessive behaviour. By comparing The Tell-Tale Heart and The Cask of Amontillado explain to what extent you think this is true.

    The question only serves to confirm in our minds that he is insane. In TCoA , the narrator, Montreso, the hyperbole: "the thousand injuries" and his intent on vengeance merely because of an insult suggests megalomania. Both stories employ a disjointed narrative style that allows Poe to reveal the abnormal psychological state of his protagonists. In 'The Cask of Amontillado' , the dashes as in ""I hesitated -I trembled" and "I re-echoled-I aided_I surpassed" indicate that Montresor is not thinking coherently.

    • Word count: 2425
  15. Threse Raquin by mile Zola

    The familiarity Zola builds between Th�r�se and the reader is really important, as the reader starts to really know the character well - they know all about the situation she is in, and the narrator tends to take Th�r�se's side at the start of the book with descriptions of the sickly Camille and his doting mother (Th�r�se's aunt). In this way, Th�r�se's voice starts to break through the narrative, so that without having this character tell the reader what happens or how she feels, her feelings are made quite obvious by Zola.

    • Word count: 862
  16. The story of Sredni Vasthar is one of oppression and conflict. Set in the Edwardian period, the social context of the story is that of a family of wealth and middle class values.

    Learning about the tyranny of Mrs De Ropp makes the reader even more sympathetic towards Conradin's plight. This oppression that Conradin experiences at the hands of Mrs De Ropp, is the main conflict in this story. He manages to find solace in his imagination, using it not only to help escape his solitude and boredom but also to undermine Mrs De Ropps tyranny. We also learn of his fate if it were not for his imagination: Without his imagination, which was rampant under the spur of loneliness, he would have succumbed long ago.

    • Word count: 1583
  17. In what ways do African writers explore the theme of race?

    The Igbo-Hausa divide and the struggle of Biafra lay a foundation for the theme of race, however it is the representation of the Igbo majority that conveys the theme of race on a greater scale. Olanna and Odenigbo, alongside their intellectual friends, have troubled many critics who argue the 'African authenticity' of the novel. They cite these characters who are: 'educated, drive cars and are not starving,' as apparently not authentic - a notion that Adichie has addressed emphatically in a TEDtalks lecture in which she breaks down the African stereotypes by warning readers against subscribing to the 'single story'

    • Word count: 890
  18. A comparison of Arkady and Bazarov, from Turgenevs Fathers and Sons

    His home-coming is at once liberating, as he can revert to old habits and enjoys old pleasures such as 'falling asleep under the quilt worked by loving hands - those of his old nurse', but also frustrating: 'he had but lately been a child and returned to a place where everyone is accustomed to regard and treat him as a child.' This first trip forms the primary cracks in Arkady and Bazarov's leader-follower relationship; Arkady is at once impressed and repulsed by the way in which Bazarov treats his father and uncle.

    • Word count: 1361
  19. Presentation of Arkady as One-Dimensional

    Apart from this, Turgenev also uses him as a symbol for equilibrium. While Bazarov is ranting and raging and generally exercising the liberty that nihilism provides him with, Arkady shies from conflict and overall does little other than follow Bazarov with initial absolute loyalty. Though it is true that, like Bazarov and Anna, Arkady experiences a rite of passage and is forced to question his principles, this journey is significantly more understated and, as such, appears less important. As we see throughout the text the importance and reverence Turgenev places upon adapting to change and general balance, Arkady's ease in

    • Word count: 1053
  20. Analysis of characters in the yellow wallpaper

    The increased use of 'I' demonstrates a positive change in self-presentation precisely at the point when her actions dramatically compromise her sanity and condemn her to madness. Other examples, particularly in the final paragraphs, affirm the narrator's newly imagined self: 'What is the matter?' he cried...so that I had to creep over him every time' John's name seems conspicuously absent from these paragraphs. Repeatedly, the narrator substitues the nominative case for John's name, for instance 'he cried' and 'he did'.

    • Word count: 1378
  21. How does Keats explore aspects of time in "La Belle dam sans Merci" and "Eve of St Agnes"?

    Moreover, the lack of future tense suggests to the listener that there is to be no future and hence no hope - adding to the melancholy mood produced by Keats. Conversely, Keats uses a linear chronology in the past tense throughout "The Eve of St Agnes", "How changed", in order to construct an ordered narrative. This separates the 'feel of both poems, distinguishing one ("Eve of St Agnes") as more story-like than the symbolic other ("La Belle Dame"). This also infers to the listener that Keats' use of time was a deliberate endeavour within his poetry and not simply the standard arrangement of poetic literature of the time.

    • Word count: 992
  22. Analysis of chapter 4 of Turn of the Screw

    Ironically she mentions an "insane relative" and "confinement" when in fact she is the one starting to become 'insane' and is indeed the one confined to this large country house, away from the man that she loves, the one man she cannot get to. Further to this view of the governess' fascination with the master bringing up questions of her sanity, the very vision of Quint himself could help us to understand this. With no outlet for her feelings for the master, it can be said that the vision of the man she sees is indeed a manifestation of her feelings for the master.

    • Word count: 1615
  23. Write a character study of Celie, Albert, and Shug.

    Celie develops herself when she left Albert with Shug and has learned new skills which she used to live on. At the beginning of the storey we see that Celie has no control on her own life. She has been raped twice by who she thinks is her father, and both of her babies have been taken away from her. She does not "fight, I stay where I'm told." Even thought she was the one asking "Pa" to be married to Albert, she only did it as a self sacrifice to save her sister Nettie from being married to this person.

    • Word count: 1446
  24. Social outsiders are often treated in a cruel and unjust way. Explore the presentation of outsiders in the light of this statement. In your response, you should focus on Wuthering Heights to establish your argument and refer to t

    Lockwood the new tenant of Thrushcross grange, she refers to him with the personal pronoun "it". This is deliberately done to emphasize how much Heathcliff was unwanted in the house, to the point where "Mrs. Earnshaw was ready to fling it out of doors", and Heathcliff was also degraded him to the status of a thing. In his first night the poor child was not accepted by the two children to sleep, or even share their rooms. Nelly, not being any kinder let Heathcliff sleeps on the landing of the stairs. During the remaining life of Mr.

    • Word count: 1930
  25. Frailty, thy name is woman(TM)(TM) A.C Bradley has judged Gertrude to be a weak and unfaithful wife(TM)(TM) How far do you agree with this perception of her?

    Moreover Shakespeare's initial audience were Elizabethans who may have compared Queen Gertrude to Elizabethan royalty. The Elizabethan's queen, Elizabeth I prioritised her country over love which may contrast with Gertrude who may have been perceived as placing love before 'duty'. In the Elizabethan era it was traditional for a king to be mourned for a year after his death which again contrasts with Gertrude's marriage so soon after her husband's death. Elizabeth I cousin Mary Queen of Scots married Lord Darnley hastily after her husband's death reflecting the similarity of Gertrude's marriage to Claudius.

    • Word count: 1865

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

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