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AS and A Level: Thomas Hardy
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Five key concepts for a discussion of Hardy's novels
- 1 Irony.
- 2 Fate.
- 3 The pathetic fallacy.
- 4 Pessimism.
- 5 Agnosticism.
- Marked by Teachers essays 6
- Peer Reviewed essays 2
In Tess of the DUrbervilles, how does Hardy present Tess and Angels relationship as one that is destined to fail?5 star(s)
Hardy starkly emphasises Tess' virginal aspects through compound nominal phrases such as "white shape" and "pretty maiden", creating the lasting image of her as a perfect woman. However, when Angel leaves and "dismisses the subject from his mind", Hardy at once shows Angel's objectification of Tess and how easily he can put aside her hurt, hinting at their relationship to come. Even once Angel knows who Tess is, his initial impression of her as a "fresh and virginal daughter of Nature" does not change but only becomes deeper embedded in his and the reader's subconscious, painting a cruel contrast between his expectations and the real knowledge of Tess' past.
- Word count: 1667
Which Character in Hardy's "Tess Of The D'Urbervilles" Do You Have the Most Sympathy For: Alec or Angel?4 star(s)
His appearance is stereotypical of a Victorian stage villain with a 'swarthy complexion', curling black moustache, and 'bold rolling eye'. Tess has been sent by her mother to claim kin and Alec does not 'regret her step'. Immediately his lustful attraction is apparent as his eyes rivet on her 'fullness of growth' and his dominance and forcefulness are evident when he continues to feed the strawberry directly into Tess's mouth, even though she shows 'slight distress'. Alec's obsessive nature emerges as he plans how he can 'find a berth for' Tess and bring her back to the Slopes permanently.
- Word count: 1391
The poem opens with an image of the personified 'Present' that 'latches' behind the speaker. Hardy uses the word 'postern' which probably is associated to 'posterity' and to the succeeding generations. Hardy refers to his life as a 'tremulous stay', this image connotes to the word 'tremor'. Thus, he alludes to the fact that he was old, when he wrote this poem and is now concerned about what his reader will think of his work 'will the neighbours say'. Although, the dismal tone which is perceived at the beginning of the poem, the language used conveys visual imagery of nature, which is perceived 'Delicate' and positive.
- Word count: 2171
Tess says, Once victim, always victim thats the law. In the light of this remark, explore ways in which Hardy presents Tesss experiences in Tess of the DUrbervilles.3 star(s)
As Anne Mickelson persuasively argues Tess is, "trained from childhood to fit herself for an inferior role, [and] she becomes early in life a prisoner to her sense of responsibility and duty to family."It is these family responsibilities that convince her to go and visit the D'Urbervilles which is the cause for the destruction for her life. She dedicates her whole life to her family by simply listening to her mother and visiting the D'Urbervilles, as the event that occurred there changes her whole life.
- Word count: 2364
Hardy alludes to the idea that this is the beginning of something, commenting on the couple's forth coming relationship before it has begun: "The grey half-tones of daybreak are not the grey half-tones of the day's close, though their degree of shade may be the same." This seems to capture the feeling of warmth and contentment at the beginning of a love affair. This reappears as a sentiment later in the novel, in the fact that although before Tess' death the couple are brought closer together and feel passion for each other once again, the never seem to recapture the
- Word count: 998
Farfrae on the other hand risks the weather hoping it'll be a good harvest. When the weather turns out good and Henchard has to sell his grain off for even less than he brought it for, he becomes bankrupt and looses everything. Whereas Farfrae makes a lot of money on the good harvest and ends up owning Henchard's manor house, furniture and even his business. This good fortune for Farfrae is a result of Henchard's ill luck because if Henchard risked the weather he wouldn't have lost his money, home or business which means Farfrae wouldn't have got any of it.
- Word count: 2139
being an indication of this - whilst he seems more carefree and willing to interact. In this way, Tess and Angel are instantly connected for the reader, and nature appears to shelter and protect them. However, Angel chooses another girl to dance with, marring the experience and implying that there is more to the situation; perhaps they are not so perfect. It implys that where nature creates a situation, man can often disrupt it, through their actions and religion. It therefore acts as a device for dramatic irony and foreshadows further events in the book.
- Word count: 1959
Compare and contrast the characters of Alec DUrberville and Angel Clare in Tess of the DUrbervilles (Phase the First Phase the Third)
Alec is rich, powerful and lazy, everything that Angel despises about the "old families". Even the names of the characters reflect their personalities. Alexander brings to mind great noblemen, such as Alexander the Great, but the fact that the diminutive, Alec, is almost always used, suggests that perhaps the man has not lived up to the name. His surname at least sounds impressive, and the fact that it contains some of the title of the book seems to bestow a degree of importance. However, as the reader finds out just before Alec is introduced, the D'Urberville family don't actually have a claim to their name: it was an old ancestor who simply annexed the surname 'D'Urberville' in order to sound more genteel and more impressive.
- Word count: 2257
The boy also knows about his father as Rhoda does not hide the truth, the boy also knows of his father's ignorance. 'Took no notice of you?' 'None'Regardless, of the fact that the boy is illegitimate Rhoda is very close to him and makes him stay with her, she also shows deep love and affection towards him. 'The boy assisting her, for he hated going afield on the farms, and she indulged his reluctance' from this we see that she gave in to her son's wishes.Rhoda is treated differently to society than the other woman, this may be due to
- Word count: 3487
Additionally the image of him feeding her a strawberry has sexual undertones, he insists doing so even when at first Tess refuses, immediately he establishes his power over her. He uses his wealth and by showering Tess with fruits he puts her in a compromising position where she feels obliged to accept the strawberry. Tess in her naivety and politeness allows herself to be placed under his influence. Thus Alec's unstoppable desire for Tess leads him to assert his position as the dominating male in their relationship.
- Word count: 1319
Examine the statement Tesss life is damned from the start of 'Tess of The D'urbervilles' by Thomas Hardy'
'Why didn't you tell me there was danger?' Tess blamed her mother for not teaching her about the world and her naivety towards men after her rape by Alec. In Victorian society, a girl was to learn about the world and its 'dangers' through their mothers and older sisters, as Tess did not have the latter, she relied on her mother, a job which Mrs.Durbeyfield did not complete. Surely leaving Tess with no other option than to fall into the traps of inconsiderate men, such as Alec, thus agreeing with the statement that her life was damned from the start.
- Word count: 1248
Compare how Hardy and Shaw present women. To what extent do they use this presentation to promote a feminist point of view?
Hardy and Shaw's views refer form the Darwinian view of species which does not place men above woman which caused controversy within the Victorians. Hardy and Shaw give a sympathetic presentation of their female protagonist in order to make their hardships seem worse. Tess is descried as a simple country girl who is eager to learn about life "she has full zest of life willing to learn" she is continuously described by Hardy as beautiful "Holmberry lips", "Flower like mouth", "beautiful white hart "and "virginally white".
- Word count: 1603
This therefore makes the statement agreeable, as it is clear, that women, despite their estate, are continued to be controlled by men, due to Victorian morality. Hardy further explores the patriarchal dominance that women have experienced, through the character of Lucetta. Henchard, as with Susan, attempts to control his relationship with Lucetta. Henchard is determined to force Lucetta to marry him, threatening to "reveal our intimacy-in common fairness to other men," and he speaks with a confident and controlled tone, making his threat more effective.
- Word count: 1141
Through Lucetta, Hardy reveals his dissatisfaction with patriarchal Victorian morality, but ultimately fails to overcome its ideology To what extent do you agree?
and the imagery created through words such as "mourning" is important, as we see that Lucetta identifies the tragic circumstances of the life of a Victorian woman, therefore, Hardy is bringing into question Victorian Patriarchal morality. Hardy further brings into question Victorian patriarchal morality, by Lucetta's opprobrium in Jersey, and evoking to the reader how she has changed through that experience. Through Elizabeth's eyes, the reader sees that Lucetta has a public persona of sophistication which is false. For example, upon first seeing Lucetta, Elizabeth "allowed herself the pleasure of feeling fascinated", the omniscient narrator further commenting that "The stumpy
- Word count: 997
After a few alcoholic binges to relieve his frustration, Jude eventually accepts his place in the world. He then falls in love with his cousin, Sue Bridehead and they have children. Society fails to accept their reltionship as legitimate, their children are killed in a shocking murder-suicide and the pair separate. His hopes and passions thwarted, Jude slips into a rapid decline and dies an early death. Cheery stuff! A summary does little to identify the underlying intentions of the novel.
- Word count: 878
These changes were becoming more and more apparent and Hardy was seeing characters such as 'old Andrey' die out so he keeps their memories alive in these short stories. As rural life began to die out industrialisation began to expand and Hardy himself was beginning to get sucked into it. When Hardy was a child he moved away to the city were he attended a grammar school. After grammar school he went onto in-role himself in a university. Hardy then went on to become an architect but soon began to despise the city.
- Word count: 955
The title summarizes the poem by telling us what it might be about. It makes us wonder about what "The Voice" is and how it could relate to the poem. The Victorian's used to believe a lot about ghosts and afterlife. Thomas hardy is a prime example as he believes that his late wife had come down from heaven to talk to him. It shows how the Victorians have come to believe in ghosts otherwise he would never have believed that he was talking to his late wife.
- Word count: 2003
'It is not a character, it is not alive, it is just a vast barren landscape - yet it has an important influence on the behaviour of its inhabitants'.
Therefore, the heath's importance cannot be ignored by the reader as Hardy presents the heath as powerful and dominating in the lives of the inhabitants as it is Eustacia's position on the heath that prevents her from escaping. The heath does have an important influence on the behaviour of its inhabitants. The heath provides 'furze' which sustains the heathfolk as it provides food and nourishes them. Therefore, the lives of the heathfolk depend on the fertility of the heath. The occupation of the heathfolk is 'furze cutting'. The basic crop that is the only one that grows on the heath.
- Word count: 849
However, she does not see this - she accepts his rejection. If Tess had suggested that no one could 'know or care about' her 'misfortunes' or 'reproach' the couple for them, Angel would have had to admit the thought 'arose in...[his] own mind'. From Angel's departure to his return, Tess manages to retain her devotion to him despite his treatment of her, the hardships she endures in his absence, his lack of communication and the torment of Alec D'Urberville's pursuit.
- Word count: 1343
Deception is a Driving Factor in the development of the narrative. Discuss this suggestion with particular reference to Act 1 Scene 2 and Act 4 Scene 4.
Shakespeare's use of reflection is another theme which runs through out. The two kings have been companions for many years and have a strong friendship: "They were trained together in their childhoods; and there rooted betwixt them then such an affection": their bond is strong and contented. However, both kings are destructive and quick tempered; reacting with anger and to certain situations, as might be perceived by the audience, to be irrational. For example the way Leontes rants about the supposed affair between Hermione and Polixenes: "Too hot, too hot! To mingle friendship far is mingling bloods.
- Word count: 2275
Farmer Lodge sonly after he had neglected Rhoda for the beautiful Gertrude as a good replacement. This suggests that women need men just for survival and in order to blossom. Thomas Hardy portrays women in all different kinds of ways throughout his Wessex Tales. Rhoda Brook and Gertrude Lodge are heavily portrayed during the tale "The Withered Arm". Hardy gives all women throughout his tales a fully descriptive description which helps the reader understand what women were like in the 19th century. Most of Hardy's tales are about very young and beautiful women throwing themselves at men and marrying them at a young age.
- Word count: 1106
Then we have the second relationship of Rhoda, which is between Rhoda and Gertrude. Rhoda first heard about Gertrude Farmer Lodges new wife through her fellow "milkers" who were gossiping at work. When Rhoda heard this she was shocked. So for her selfish reasons she sends her son several times to go and "give her a look". She was mainly interested in Gertrude's looks; she was always trying to make herself look better than her, for example she sends The Boy to find out how tall Gertrude is Rhoda asks the boy "is she tall" The Boy replies "she is not tall" "aah, said the mother with satisfaction".
- Word count: 1464
He cannot drive the cart as he had a few too many the night before. If he had not drunken any alcohol then he would have got up early and delivered the beehives to the retailers in Casterbridge. Also because of Jack Durbeyfield not being able to work his young child Abraham is awakened in the middle of the night to accompany Tess in her travels, yet another reason to label him a bad man. On the other hand Tess's father is only trying to do what's best for his family and by sending Tess to live with relatives he thinks that she may become something more than what he has.
- Word count: 2201
surface of which had been washed by many rains...' One of the reasons for which Farmer Lodge had left Rhoda was because she had aged, which made her less attractive from her early life. '...dark eyes...once been handsome, seem handsome anew.' In those years men based all aspects of a relationship on the appearance of a woman; here Farmer Lodge leaves Rhoda because of the change in her appearance and some time later moves on to Gertrude, his young wife.
- Word count: 1051
The cathedral is empty and the man turns and walks from the Close into the noise of the city streets. Perhaps in this paragraph Hardy is reflecting again on his own situation and turns his back on the grandeur of the church and seeks to mingle with people of his own standing. Hardy goes on to describe the scenes within the city in particular the noise of the market square on which is a mechanical fare. Men, women and children are described as "gnats against a sunset," and the fare as "swings, see-saws, flying-leaps, above all of the three steam roundabouts".
- Word count: 2409