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Euthanasia should never been introduced. Persuasive essay.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Euthanasia should never been introduced Persuasive essay I have never heard anyone say "hello tom, are you a boy or a girl?" Simply because we know Tom is a name of a boy, or is it? Well, in the 21st century there is a questioned raised "should euthanasia be introduced?" it is like saying "should killing be introduced". Euthanasia refers to the practice of ending a life in a painless manner. Euthanasia is the deliberate killing of a person thinking that it would be benefit for that person. In most cases euthanasia is carried out because the person who dies asks for it. Arguments against euthanasia You can argue about the way we've divided up the arguments, and many arguments could fall into more categories than we've used. Religious arguments * Euthanasia is against the word and will of God * Euthanasia weakens society's respect for the sanctity of life * Suffering may have value Voluntary euthanasia is the start of a slippery slope that leads to involuntary euthanasia and the killing of people who are thought undesirable Euthanasia is bad because of the sanctity of human life There are four main reasons why people think we shouldn't kill human beings: * All human beings are to be valued, irrespective of age, sex, race, religion, social status or their potential for achievement * Human life is a basic good as opposed to an instrumental good, a good in itself rather than as a means to an end * Human life is sacred because it's a gift from God * Therefore the deliberate taking of human life should be prohibited except in self-defence or the legitimate defence of others We are valuable for ourselves The philosopher Immanuel Kant said that rational human beings should be treated as an end in themselves and not as a means to something else. The fact that we are human has value in itself. ...read more.

Middle

They claim that when the human machine has outlived its productive span its maintenance is an unacceptable burden on the productive stratum of society, and it should be disposed of, and rather abruptly than allowing it to deteriorate gradually (Jacques Atalli: La medicine en accusation - in Michel Solomon 'L' avenir de la vie', Coll. Les visages de L'avenir. Ed. Seghers, Paris, 1981, p. 273-275). This logic is completely alien to Islam. Values take priority over prices. The care for the weak, old and helpless is a value in itself for which people are willing to sacrifice time, effort and money, and this starts, naturally with one's own parents "Your Lord decreed that you worship none but Him, and that you be kind to your parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of contempt but address them in terms of honor. And lower to them the wing of humility out of compassion, and say: my Lord, bestow on them Your mercy even as they cherished me in childhood" (Quran 17:25- 25). Because such caring is a virtue ordained and rewarded by God in this world and in the hereafter, the believers don't take it as a debit but as an investment. In a materialistic dollar- centric community this logic is meaningless, but not so in the value-oriented God heeding community of the faithful. When individual means cannot cover the needed care, it becomes, according to Islam, the collective responsibility of society, and financial priorities are reshuffled so that values take priority over pleasures, and people derive more pleasure from heeding values than from pursuing other pleasantries. A prerequisite of course is a complete moral and spiritual re-orientation of a society that does not hold to these premises. Clinical Situations In an Islamic setting the question of euthanasia usually does not arise, and if it does, it is dismissed as religiously unlawful. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some examples are listed below: * the diagnosis is wrong and the patient is not terminally ill * the prognosis (the doctor's prediction as to how the disease will progress) is wrong and the patient is not going to die soon * the patient is getting bad medical care and their suffering could be relieved by other means * the doctor is unaware of all the non-fatal options that could be offered to the patient * the patient's request for euthanasia is actually a 'cry for help', implying that life is not worth living now but could be worth living if various symptoms or fears were managed * the patient is depressed and so believes things are much worse than they are * the patient is confused and unable to make sensible judgements * the patient has an unrealistic fear of the pain and suffering that lies ahead * the patient is feeling vulnerable * the patient feels that they are a worthless burden on others * the patient feels that their sickness is causing unbearable anguish to their family * the patient is under pressure from other people to feel that they are a burden * the patient is under pressure because of a shortage of resources to care for them * the patient requests euthanasia because of a passing phase of their disease, but is likely to feel much better in a while Supporters of euthanasia say that most of these problems can be prevented by assessing the patient properly, and, if necessary, discriminating against the opinions of people who are particularly vulnerable. Chochinov and colleagues found that fleeting or occasional thoughts of a desire for death were common in a study of people who were terminally ill, but few patients expressed a genuine desire for death. They also found that the will to live fluctuates substantially in dying patients, particularly in relation to depression, anxiety, shortness of breath, and their sense of wellbeing. ...read more.

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