• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the way Walker and Winterson explore the issues of gender and sexuality, with particular reference to women, in their novels.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Examine the way Walker and Winterson explore the issues of gender and sexuality, with particular reference to women, in their novels. Examine - To inspect carefully or in detail. Gender - The state of being male, female or neuter. Sexuality - Relating to the differences between males and females, characterized by sex. LESBIANISM o Celie and Shug - lesbian relationship o Jeanette and Melanie, Katie, Miss Jewsberry o Structure - Lesbian feelings in both characters are not revealed until their feelings about men are revealed. (Celie's attitude to sex, Jeanette and her uncle) "I think about Shug Avery. I know what he doing to me he done to Shug Avery and maybe she like it. I put my arm round him" "he came over and put his face close.... And rubbed his spikey chin against my face. ...read more.

Middle

"'will you come and see me in my flat?, 'no', I answered slowly, 'I can't do that' " o Betrayal in relationships - Melanie in church "Do you promise to give up this sin and beg the lord to forgive you?, yes." Leaves Jeanette alone to fight for her beliefs. Shug betrays Celie's feelings everytime she leaves her behind and when she marries Grady. "My heart broke, Shug love somebody else" o Oranges are symbolic of heterosexuality. o The brown pebble is symbolic of lesbianism. FEMININSM & SOCIAL EXPECTATIONS o Lesbian bildungsroman - Cultural narratives construct personality. o Sofia and Shug use males language- strong female characters use of military language for Sofia. "Girl you look like a good time you do" "they be just marching, hand in hand, like going to war" o Sofia flouts convention but does not have enough power to change the system. ...read more.

Conclusion

that women are not easily corrupted" o Harpo and Albert are given female qualities to make them more accessible - these qualities make them better people? o "Fulfilment is achieved through spirituality and creativity" o Celie becomes a lesbian as it is right for her - physically and symbolically looses the ability to reproduce. o Gabriele Griffin - Oranges is a lesbian bildungsroman. Considers only the realist elements of the novel. o Gamallo - the stories in the novel bring about a "defiant disruption of the conventions of gender and sexuality. o Pearce - "the experience of being in love depends entirely on the stories we find ourselves able to tell". She suggests winterson treats romantic love with irony in order to expose it as a fiction. o Laurel Bollinger - "argues that in oranges winterson uses post-modern parody of a range of biblical and non biblical stories to create a model for jeanettes narrative of lesbian maturity. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Alice Walker section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Alice Walker essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Walker's presentation of Sofia and Harpo.

    4 star(s)

    to turn around the appearance of women as being the inferior race. An image is created of the sisters appearing to rescue Sofia from the grasps of an evil husband named Harpo. Even though Sofia is in fact similar to her sisters in terms of physical appearance, she lacks emotional

  2. Examine the author's presentation of men, women and gender roles in 'The Color Purple' ...

    Father figures are presented negative by both authors, who are incapable of taking up the 'father, disciplinary figure' in their own households. They seem to have 'forgotten' their traditional gender role, as a 'father.' 'Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit,' portrays the male characters to be almost comical, or to only be included in the novel to be mocked at.

  1. Alice Walker Uses Symbolism to Address Three Issues: Racism, Feminism and the Search for ...

    Walker received praise for this work, but also criticism for dealing too harshly with the male characters in the book. Walker's best-known novel, "The Color Purple" won the Pulitzer Prize in 1982, and was made into a movie. Walker was the first black author honored by a Pulitzer.

  2. Many would argue that men hold the power in "The Colour Purple". Explore the ...

    I duck into my room and come out wearing horsehair, feathers, and a pair of our new mammy high heel shoes. He beat me for dressing trampy but he do it to me anyway". Celie here shows her willingness to protect her little sister from the pain and suffering she

  1. Alice Walker's novel "The Third Life of Grange Copeland" - review

    Ruth has displaced Fat Josie in Grange's affections, so Josie and Brownfield formulate a plot for Brownfield to gain custody of Ruth. There is a private court session in which Brownfield is granted custody of Ruth, by the judge, but Grange in order to protect his grandchild kills Brownfield, and

  2. Despite Their Cultural Differences, Do Jeanette From ‘Oranges Are Not The Only Fruit’ & ...

    I don't have nothing.' One challenge faced by Celie is how to access a decent education, and further her basic skills. As she is seen as little more than a servant, her family believes that there is little need for her to further herself and grow.

  1. Frank O'Connor said that the short story usually looks at isolated individuals who undergo ...

    The character of Col is described as a very violent, selfish, lonely boy with a strong sense of isolation who always wants to quarrel. This can be seen by his childish behaviour for example; when he kicks at the sandcastle that Jess has built for the baby; 'Col kicked again

  2. Shug Avery has been presented as a rather likeable character in the colour purple, ...

    Shug Avery is firstly mentioned in letter number 6, where Celie has no idea of who she is, neither do we, and as much as Celie is anxious to know 'what it is' we too want to know what it is that has brought interest into.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work