• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how the poets of Happy is England Now in the anthology Up the Line to Death present World War I

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain how the poets of Happy is England Now in the anthology Up the Line to Death present World War I The section Happy is England Now is situated at the start of the anthology, Up the Line to Death. In this section, the editor, Brian Gardner has arranged the six poems in such a way that it is clear these poems are largely pro-war. Therefore, most of the poems in the section uphold the stereotypical beliefs held by the public before and during the war. However, this is not always the case; with the inclusion of "Men Who March Away" ("Men...") by Thomas Hardy, Gardner adds a poem whose stance towards the war is at the very least ambiguous. As a result, Gardner can show that he is not forgetting the real horrors of the war, horrors which are hardly mentioned in this section. This fact is very important to Gardner; in the introduction to the anthology, he describes the war as a 'tragedy'. From this it can be seen clearly that Gardner wants to make sure the brutalities of the war are not forgotten and so with the inclusion of "Men..." he makes sure that everything is not as it seems. ...read more.

Middle

For example, in "England..." the euphemism "beloved sleep" is used to describe death. Although the ideas of death are mentioned, they are used to signify the greatness of war and not to show it as something horrific. This can be seen with the line "Happy is England in the brave that die". By using "brave", Freeman shows that death is looked upon with happiness and that if they die, then they will know that they gave their life for an honourable cause, a cause which tried to protect their homeland. In "England..." this technique is also used: "Steeled to suffer uncomplaining/Loss and failure, pain and death". Although the issues being dealt with here are very serious, Hodgson tries to emphasise the fact that they are not in vain. By using a syndetic list and highlighting that England admires the fact that they do not complain when under hardship shows how courageous the soldiers are, that they are willing to lay down their life for their country. However, in the same poem, this stance is reversed in the last line when Hodgson says "I accept it nothing asking, save a little space to weep". Here for the first time, some of the uncomfortable aspects of the war come to the fore and because of the fact the rest of the poem is largely upbeat, it makes this last line even more hard-hitting. ...read more.

Conclusion

This can be seen in the poems; "England..." is a lot more personal than "Happy..." which seems more detached. The 'odd one out' is considered to be "Men..." as it is very ambiguous about the war. Many people consider it to be pro-war, but just as many believe it to portray the war negatively. In any case, it is very clear that it is written in a very different way to the other poems, this fact being emphasised by the satirical nature of the poem. It is interesting that Gardner placed this poem in this section, but what is even more interesting is that it is in second place. This is significant because after reading the "Fourth of August", the reader feels as though the rest of the anthology is going to be largely pro-war, on the basis of the first poem. However, the presence of "Men..." is a stark reminder to the reader that the anthology is not like that at all, but about the "unparalleled tragedy" which was the war, according to Gardner. Therefore, Gardner is able to make sure that the reader is not lulled into a false sense of thinking positively about the war; he wants to make sure the soldiers are remembered in the anthology, which after all, in the words of Gardner is a "tribute" to those who fought in the Great War. ?? ?? ?? ?? Osama Hamid L2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This is a thoughtful, well-structured essay, demonstrating genuine interest in the poems and World War One. Contextual knowledge is evident and usually used effectively, and there is some pertinent poetic analysis and knowledge of technical terminology. This could be improved by more detailed analysis of language, structure and form of the poems, and increased use of quotations which should be embedded fluently into the body of the essay.

Marked by teacher Lucy Foss/Snell 05/02/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Happy is England Now

    4 star(s)

    The opening line in the second stanza begins with repetition of the title 'Happy is England now, as never yet!' the use of repetition and exclamation mark reinforces the sense of patriotism and the personified happy England. The phrase is suggesting that even with the beginning of the war England is still brave and strong as it was before war.

  2. Analysis of "An Irish Airman foresees his Death" by W.B. Yeats

    It seems that he did not enlist because of any laws, or sense of duty; he was not urged by anybody or persuaded by propaganda. Yeats writes, 'A lonely impulse of delight/Drove to this tumult in the clouds', here we are given the reason behind the airman's decision to enlist.

  1. How was civilian life affected during world war 2?

    If food supplies were good then an adult could expect the following for one week; 100g jam 50g magerine 350g meat 3 eggs (dried powder) 50g cooking fat 50g butter 100g cheese 225g sugar 50g tea Rationing affected everyone. It caused them to be more careful and conservative.

  2. "'Lions led by donkeys.' How valid is this interpretation of the conduct of British ...

    Source C5 is a cartoon from an edition of comedy magazine Punch, published in February 1917. The cartoon gives a lighter and probably less accurate account of what would have actually have been said in a training to make the punch line in the joke, but the general idea that the Generals weren't directly involved in battle is still there.

  1. The Poems of World War One Can Be Broadly Divided into Three Waves of ...

    Brooke wrote a recruitment sonnet called "The Dead." I think this poem has a semantic field of reward, to make men want to go to war for the benefits. He uses words like "rich," "gifts," "paid," "wage" and especially "heritage" to entice the young men.

  2. "Suicide in the trenches" was written in 1917 and is a very emotional peom.

    This is a real life, first-hand experience of this type of attack. There are a lot of graphic images coming through in this poem. It leaves you feeling scared, horrified and guilty. Scared and horrified of what the soldiers were going into, running or even walking into machine-gun fire that was almost certainly going to kill them.

  1. The Effect of War on American Literature.

    are not man-made or artificial, and they are separate from the "twisted words and crooked deeds" that are specific to man's behavior. "Apostrophe to Man" and "I Forgot for a Moment" are structured differently, and each poem's structure leads to a distinct message.

  2. How does Thomas present war in "As the Team's Head Brass"

    The effects of the war can be seen in the poem. The lone ploughman who has been left to tend to the fields by himself because his friend has been killed in the war, and can also be a comment by Thomas on how the ploughman is becoming rarer and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work