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Explore the relationship between servants and masters in 'The Tempest'.

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Explore the relationship between servants and masters in 'The Tempest' Laurence Mosley 12DL Within "The Tempest" there are several accounts of different relationships between various servants and masters. Many scenes throughout the play are used to convey different messages concerning each character involved, and reveal many things about them. The most prominent cases of servants and masters are those involving Prospero. He was shipwrecked on the island after being usurped from his title of Duke of Milan. Since the savage Caliban attempted to rape his daughter, Miranda, he seems determined to make life for him very unpleasant. As well as Caliban, Prospero is also in control of Ariel - a spirit whom he rescued from being tormented by an evil witch - Sycorax, Caliban's Mother. Caliban also is within a second group involving servants and masters, this time with Stephano and Trinculo, two drunken servants within the King's court who's first encounter with Caliban leads them to believe that they can use him to their advantage in becoming The opening scene of the play is one that displays an unusual set of events concerning King Alonso and his lords, and crewmembers, who would be regarded of a much lower status, giving orders to people higher up than them. ...read more.


No more." The abruptness of this sentence suggests how Prospero is not open to discussion, and he believes as Ariel is in his command, he will decide when and if he will be released. Prospero is now reminding Ariel of how once he saved him from the evil witch Sycorax and uses positively vicious language. "Dost thou forget from what a torment I did free thee? ...Thou liest malignant thing. Hast thou forgot the foul witch Sycorax?" Prospero has made Ariel feel guilty by reminding him of what he did for him, and is trying to find a justification for his enslaving and for his own peace of mind. One could argue that Prospero is feeling insecure: - not just angry, but dependant on Ariel and needs to threaten him to keep him under his power. The relationship between Prospero and Ariel is made to seem even more insecure further in the scene where Prospero announces: "Thou shalt be as free as mountain winds; but then exactly do all points of my command." Ariel replies eagerly: "To Th'syllable." Prospero is determined to give Ariel the impression that if he stays under his command for but a while longer then one day he will be free. Whether or not Prospero will indeed set Ariel free he is just making him hang on in good and hopeful morale. ...read more.


a very weak monster" Unaware at this point of the situation concerning Prospero, he is unconvinced why this monster would be so willing to offer itself to a drunkard. One would argue he would be suspicious of Caliban's intentions concerning the two men. Overviewing the relationship between Caliban, Stephano and Trinculo, Shakespeare has portrayed Caliban to be somewhat superior over the shipwrecked men. The way he speaks to them in iambic pentameter throughout, coupled with the fact that Trinculo and Stephano's speak in prose makes him appear to surpass his so called masters. EXPAND MORE Caliban is again portrayed to have more sense and intelligence than Stephano and Trinculo further in the play in act 4 scene 1. As in act 2 scene 2, Caliban speaks in iambic pentameter, and the men of the court talk in prose, and even in their drunken state, Caliban is talking sense where Stephano and Trinculo are doing very much the opposite. EXPAND MORE Stephano: "Now is the jerkin under the line. Now, jerkin, you are like to lose your hair and prove a bald jerkin." Caliban "Pray you tread softly... Let it alone, thou fool, it is but trash" He is still thinking straight where the garments laid out by Prospero and Ariel are distracting the men, and is again being presented as superior. ...read more.

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