• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explore the techniques used by Carol Ann Duffy to create contrasting "voices" by comparing two of the persona poems.

Extracts from this document...


Explore the techniques used by Carol Ann Duffy to create contrasting "voices" by comparing two of the persona poems. In the poem "Fraud", Duffy takes on the persona of an historical figure and creates a voice for it. She writes from the point of view of this character. In doing so, Duffy portrays the feelings and emotions of that character as she sees them. The character in "Fraud" is a Jewish man whose family were all killed in the Nazi holocaust. His name was Jon Ludwick Hoch, who later changes his name to Robert Maxwell. This was so that he could escape his past and what he left behind when he left Slovakia and to help him fit in when he moved to England. A way in which a "voice" is created in this poem is through use of the language, this marks it so you can tell it can only come from this specific character. The language is very direct and factual, giving no alternatives. "What was my aim? ...read more.


Through Duffy's use of words we as readers can learn more about the character she is portraying/ A device that Duffy has used in this poem and with a lot of previous poems is the use of ellipsis. For example, the man speaks elliptically, his attitude towards things and he doesn't explain himself. This shows that his character is "Shady ", he elliptically refers to contemporary things. When he is talking about God, he talks elliptically about a lesbian sex show. "Then there's Him- for whom I paid for a butch and femme To make him come." To create the contrasting voice in this poem, Duffy uses the above techniques. But what techniques are used in another of her persona poems Havisham? Havisham is a character taken from literature and given a voice by Duffy. The woman in question is the tragic Miss Havisham from Charles Dickens's novel "Great Expectations." Some history to the character in Havisham is; she was jilted at the alter by her lover whom she was due to marry. ...read more.


Of course, she does not literally have ropes on her hands; its connotations are that of veins. The veins on her hands are bulging, through the stress she has been put through. This poem is full of rage and anguish, unlike Fraud where the main tone was demeaning of others. The woman in this poem is extremely self pitying and is completely self absorbed over what this man did to her. She is lonely and lost, grieving for her lost love. This poem is not normally structured; it does not flow as most poems do. In the first two stanzas there are two or three words, then a full stop. This method is to give that line a more dramatic and edgy feel, to set off the enigmas in the poem. "Spinster. I stink and remember." "Beloved sweetheart bastard." Both of the personas in these poems are not happy or jubilant in any way, they are depressing figures that eventually come to their end. The point is that similar methods are used to create the two contrasting voices. The way in which you use them and the language used is what really determines the creation of a contrasting voice and persona. Laura Walton ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Carol Ann Duffy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Carol Ann Duffy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How do poets create the illusion of the speaking voice? Write about Carol Ann ...

    3 star(s)

    Ejaz is the only character who makes any friends, but only within his own ethnic group. 'He asked me in Urdu' stands out in this particular stanza because it was of importance, otherwise enjambement is used to make the stanza read monotonously. The sixth speaker is a young, white, male.

  2. "Duffy expresses her social criticism by giving voices to characters who reveal their lives ...

    The characters in the three poems are described as having lives 'without purpose'. They lead lives with no meaning and these characters lives are 'without purpose' due to society giving power to men, such power that they are shown to be dominant gender in all three poems, and this dominance effects these characters lives.

  1. English Literature Comparing Poems

    Duffy also tends to repeat 'before I was born' as it implies that her mother was different fundamentally. The two poems are similar in the way that they are about relationships about mothers conversely they explore relationships in different ways.

  2. Discuss the development of the twins in The God of Small Things by Arundhati ...

    During the beginning of this chapter Rahel feels a great sense of community 'like friends' and feels unembarrassed which is an obvious contrast to the awkwardness that she experiences in the later bathroom scene when she touches her brother. Estha's organised personality is described here when he 'organized the rusty cans of nothing in front of the urinal'.

  1. How does Swindells effectively create and integrate the characters of Link and Shelter into ...

    Swindells uses a soft font of Times New Roman for "Link". It's a familiar font, easy on the eye and gives an all round 'normal' feel, as it is the font that most publishers use for their text. On the other hand Swindells uses a bolder upright font for "Shelter".

  2. Write about three poems on freedom: On Liberty and Slavery (George Moses Horton), Sympathy ...

    evoke an air of relaxing, lazy summer days; the images of spring give the first verse a brightness, which contrasts with the first line - 'I know what the caged bird feels'. This first line serves to alert the reader to the undercurrents within the poem; although the images set

  1. I have been given four depressing poems to study, looking at the way different ...

    The poet is saying that if people did do something right, but the rich don't agree with, you wont make it anyway, because the rich can use their power to pick at you. Pick at you like a vulture would.

  2. Comparing and discussing two poems written by two different people in two different times ...

    Poem 2 was written in the Victorian era, which was very different from the Elizabethan era. In the time that the poem was written, women were not encouraged to express themselves and this poem seems to be encouraging them to enjoy the assets they have while they still have them.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work