• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explore the way writers present love in Antony and Cleopatra and the poetry of John Donne

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

EXPLORE THE WAY WRITERS PRESENT LOVE IN ANTONY AND CLEOPATRA AND THE POETRY OF JOHN DONNE ________________ 12/10/2012 ________________ ________________ Shakespeare?s Antony and Cleopatra presents a variety of representations of love, including transcendent and forbidden love. Throughout, Shakespeare expresses an unsurpassed love between them. However through both of their actions, the dramatist creates doubt in the audience?s mind as to whether this love is genuine. Similarly to Shakespeare, John Donne?s poem ?A Valediction Forbidding Mourning?, explores the idea of transcendental love through separation. In Antony and Cleopatra, Act One, Scene One, Shakespeare introduces us to the protagonists before they appear in the play; here Philo presents the theme of love and politics in his speech, ?His captain?s heart?A gypsy?s lust?. The use of ?captain? and ?gypsy? denotes the opposites between the two individuals, just how their countries divide the two. ?Gypsy? is seen as a derogatory term to brand an individual who does not originate from Rome, almost like an outsider. Here already Shakespeare presents forbidden love. In the play, the countries act as metaphors to love, Rome the political and cultural, and Egypt: sexuality and power, thus to why Cleopatra is referred to Egypt in the play by Antony. The motif of love is automatically introduced with Cleopatra demanding Antony to declare his love to her. ...read more.

Middle

As by expressing their emotions to the ?laity? will devalue any joys they share, if they tell the ?others? it would be a profane act, as the love they share is sacred. Donne emphasises that due to the strength of their love, other lovers become fearful when distance separates them, much greater distance than the cracks in the earth after a quake ?Moving of th? earth brings harms and fears?, but just like separation can cause fear for ?normal? lovers as their love is superior, the moving of planets (when an earthquake occurs) is ?innocent? to their love. Their love cannot be disrupted due to separation; they should not be feared by the separation. The fourth stanza concentrates on how different their love is, ?Dull sublunary lovers? love whose soul is sense-cannot admit?. With love that is sublunary, physical proximity and attractiveness form the basis of their love, for why Donne says ?care less, eyes, lips and hands to miss? telling his wife that these things shouldn?t matter if they cannot touch and see each other, their love is far from being physical but is spiritual, as their love is not like the norm, it?s in the mind. The love that Donne and his wife share is spiritual and no matter how far they part their love is ?inter-assured of the mind?. ...read more.

Conclusion

This relates to the poem, as Donne compares himself to a ?lovable? and precious metal, gold. In order for those to achieve the admirable love they must first believe that they are something someone admires. Samuel Johnson pinned the term ?metaphysical? to describe John Donne?s style of writing, the use of their cleverness to construct outlandish paradoxes. Aspired by this type of writing poets such as Eliot and Yeats used this to form a basis in some of their own poems, Eliot stated that Donne and Metaphysical poets like him wrote poems that celebrated through emotions the joys, sorrows and dilemmas. Other critics such as Robert Dowling also praised Donne?s style of poetry, In conclusion, Shakespeare and Donne present love through literary devices such as metaphors and the use of extravagant language. Donne?s poem can also be viewed as contradicting to his actions, expressing that they are one soul and she is his stability, yet he is leaving her, the one who makes her complete. This is reflected in Antony and Cleopatra, Shakespeare portrays their transcendent love, but eventually Antony marries another woman. Both the dramatist and the poet create a sense of doubt, to whether or not all of this was genuine at all, if at the end all they are doing is separating. Both Donne and Shakespeare use metaphysical structure and language to present the love. Although Shakespeare was before Donned time, there is a link between the two styles of writing. ________________ Natasha SmarttPage ________________ [1] http://www.vaniquotes.org- Krsna ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The English Patient

    5 star(s)

    The Herodotus book, then, becomes not only an ancient history, but a more recent history as well. It details Alm�sy's own observations, his own affair with the desert. History in the novel is not a static concept, but a flowing, changing force that connects the past to the present.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Exploration of the ways that Shakespeare and Austen present us with different aspects ...

    3 star(s)

    The first part of the novel follows Darcy's movement to the point at which he is right to allow his affection despite his opinions. In the second part, Elizabeth's mixed up impressions are replaced by changed feelings about Darcy's loyal personality.

  1. Translations and Things Fall Apart, examine how Friel and Achebe present the issue of ...

    - in strict grammatical terms, Doalty's syntax does not make sense in proper English, demonstrating inherent intimacy and deitis. Friel is applying the idea of Continual Presence of Gaelic to the English language. This application is also a theatrical device - or conceit - whereby Hugh is usually portrayed with an English accent, as he does not use Hiberno-English.

  2. HOW IS DEATH REPRESENTED IN THE OUTSIDER AND A STREETCAR NAMED DESIRE?

    Williams sympathises with this, but almost as if in warning. Blanche, once her life has failed entirely, fantasises about death with nuances of cleanliness, peace and her first, perfect love. Williams, by having her scared of death beforehand, is suggesting that death only appears to be good once all else has failed.

  1. Compare how different kinds of love are presented in Captain Corelli(TM)s Mandolin and The ...

    In effect although they have not seen each other in many years, for Stevens to still compliment her displays his affection. The "motoring trip" stems from Miss Kenton's letter which readily highlights the theme of love. Love is presented through the past between the two and leaves the reader in suspense to read further.

  2. Compare the ways in which Larkin and Duffy present the reality of love.

    This becomes especially significant, as the protagonist of the poem is a ?widow?, who has experienced the death of her husband and understands love?s inability to ?to solve, and satisfy?. Such disappointment in the way in which love fails to live up to its promises leads to the widow?s gentle

  1. How is forbidden love conveyed in both Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet and Malorie Blackmans ...

    This conveys the way in which the great sacrifices of life in each text affect the characters surrounding the main protagonists and shows these characters? reactions to the events that they have partly caused.

  2. How do the writers present sexuality and gender in Tales Of Ovid, Streetcar Named ...

    Certainly, Blanche?s many ?intimacies with strangers?[17], her unfeminine like licentiousness and charade of hypocrisy aligns Williams with his protagonist. For a man for whom the concealment of his true sexual identity was for long a necessity, the fragmentation of the self into multiple roles offered a possible refuge.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work