• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explore the ways Stoppard presents romance in Arcadia. Compare the presentation of the romance elements in Arcadia with the ways Bront presents them in Jane Eyre in the light of the opinion that Bronts presentation of romance is more belie

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explore the ways Stoppard presents romance in Arcadia. Compare the presentation of the romance elements in Arcadia with the ways Bront� presents them in Jane Eyre in the light of the opinion that Bront�'s presentation of romance is more believable than Stoppard's. Tom Stoppard entitled his play Arcadia, which sets in the readers' minds an idea of an idyllic region (distant places - as romantics used to frequently refer to in their works). It is a region which after the collapse of the Roman power in the west of Greece, became part of the Byzantine Empire. It remained a secluded area and its inhabitants lived out of farming and led a simple life. The title has been aptly chosen as the plot is set at the Coverly's English stately home, in Sidley Park, this is the house where all the play develops. The setting is an ideal place for meditation, away from the industrial town, where interests emerge in humble and everyday life, the love of ruins and revaluation of the past, especially the Middle Ages. Moreover, the meaning of the enigmatic phrase "Et in Arcadia ego" uttered by Lady Croom, alludes to the words that are carved upon the tomb in the painting by Poussin. Thus, we see three shepherds and a shepherdess within the arc of mountains of Arcadia, who seem in an unknowing state to be in the process of discovery, though the shepherdess has a demeanour of knowingness. The first clue as to the higher symbolism conveyed is in the colours the shepherds wear, gives us an extended meaning for what Arcadia could be given as ...read more.

Middle

As Thomasina and Septimus work on their lesson, Thomasina innocently asks Septimus to tell her the meaning of carnal embrace. From this moment, academic knowledge continues to be intertwined with sexual knowledge. After all, Thomasina's main theory, which is central to the theme of the book, rests on the motion of "bodies in heat." Her modern counterpart, Chloe, echoes the specific implications of Thomasina's theory. Chloe suggests that Newton's theory was wrong because he didn't account for the unplanned nature of sexual attraction. Arcadia's language, which has both a colloquial characteristic of the nineteenth century and that of modern England, is a stylized dialogue used to convey sensorial images of 'sight' and 'touch', which have all connotation to the way romance is perceived in Arcadia, while it simplifies the characters' relationships. By looking at the definition given by 'Oxford Dictionary', Arcadia clearly reflects and exemplifies romance as 'a feeling of excitement and adventure, especially connected to a particular place or activity, a story about a love affair set in the past and connects romance with a sexual relationship. Hannah, who is in favour of logic, utters that classical landscape of the past is a 'paradise in the age of reason' whereas the romantic period for her is 'sham..a setting of cheap thrills and false emotion.' The playwright is trying to discuss the change from order to disorder, also conveyed through the use of images of fire, as an element which results into destruction. This element is also used in Charlotte Bronte's novel Jane Eyre, with the same purpose. ...read more.

Conclusion

Thus, in comparing the two works, Stoppard's 'romance' appears to be less realistic due to the continuous reference to science and playful and impassioned speeches, while on the other hand Charlotte's 'Jane Eyre' seems more realistic and allows the reader to relate to her more closely because she is not an idealized figure. Jane has ordinary features and firm morality, her speeches are as well simple and her love towards Rochester was unchangeable but also at the same time unpredictable, very much different from Chloe's words that stressed the sex as the element that makes human emotions changeable. In conclusion, the images of fire and heat, in Arcadia are presented as destructive and negative, in Jane Eyre it is the opposite, in fact she emphasizes the importance of burning love as the key to personal happiness. Both works end in a mystical experience that brings the characters together. In the final scene, Stoppard beautifully combines the realization of death with an understanding of Thomasina's heat diagram. It represents the idea that all humanity is doomed and destined for a fiery end. However, the dance reveals that there are other types of knowledge to be had in the world and new mysteries to be solved. Through dance, love, carnal knowledge, one might avoid the 'empty shore'. Thomasina suggests that the emptiness can be overcome by dancing (human heat) that will allow new knowledge and fulfilment. At the end Arcadia mixes together memory and desire in a world which is transformed by love. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison essays

  1. comparsion of jane eyre and wuthering heights

    However we are left to question if his cruelty is a mere expression of his suppressed love for Catherine, or that his malevolent actions in the novel serve to conceal the heart of a romantic hero. An example of his sinister behaviour is evident in his sadistic treatment of Isabella, which causes her to exclaim, "Is Mr Heathcliff a man?

  2. Comparision on Jane Eyre and Wide Sargasso Sea on the theme of love

    to a build up of emotions "It was as if a band of Italian days had come from the South...."

  1. With the emphasis on Mary Shelleys Frankenstein and with wider reference to The Picture ...

    She is pure, beautiful and graceful, described by Frankenstein as "the purest creature of earth", contrasting with the Creature's grotesqueness. This was arguably exaggerated in Boyle's production, where the juxtaposition was manifested in a rape. The creature also admires the beauty of Safie extensively, and the loveliness of her voice.

  2. Ambition in "The Duchess of Malfi" and "Paradise Lost"

    Here, Milton suggests that ambition is never-ending. He shows that Satan's ambition to reign is worth the aim in which he strives for and that it is better to strive for something that can be achieved; rather than living in false hope.

  1. How are male/female relationships explored in the texts? William Shakespeares Macbeth; Carol Ann Duffys ...

    He does this to show a more true full description instead of the usual exaggerated metaphors, which he describes as false compare 'as any she belied with false compare', which shows that she is just as beautiful as all the other woman who are described with exaggerated metaphors.

  2. Comment on the writers presentation of loneliness and companionship in the novels The Old ...

    the characters in their seclusion as their need for companionship places significant importance on the animals. Santiago's first observation of nature is when the reader identifies the characters dream of Africa, a sign of the old man's child hood which is used three times in the novel to signify peace

  1. The Use of The Four Elements in The Wars

    The mention of the ground being hard to break may be symbolic of how hard it was for Robert to move on. It was her burial beneath the earth that helped Robert gain perspective and realize he had a new life to start, one without Rowena.

  2. Compare and contrast the ways Margret Atwood and William Blake present the power of ...

    suggests that they are under corporate supervision and they are being restricted by the constant authority figures described as ?grey headed beadles?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work