• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Feline Symbolism in The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber and The Snows of Kilimanjaro by Ernest Hemingway.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Purrfect Strengths and Clawing Weaknesses: Feline Symbolism in "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber" and "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" Jennifer Cha Biotechnology High School Abstract The purpose of this research paper is to analyze the use of feline symbolism to enhance a character's features in Hemingway's short stories "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber" and "The Snows of Kilimanjaro." The analysis will cover how felines are used as foils to bring out the strengths and weaknesses of the main characters in both stories. Hemingway uses the symbolic meaning for the lion in "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber" and the leopard in "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" to contrast certain characteristics in the main characters. To support this view, more evidence needed to be found. Analysis of the stories helped find examples of the use of feline symbolism where the lion or the leopard magnified the main characters' strengths and weaknesses. After reading many articles that delved into the significance and symbolization of lions, according to the researchers, regality, strength, and power are traits that lions possess. In "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber," Hemingway describes the main character Francis Macomber as a spineless man controlled by his wife, indicating that he had neither power nor strength, unlike the lion in the story. ...read more.

Middle

64). Both felines are used to emphasize the main characters' strengths and weaknesses in Hemingway's short stories. Francis Macomber, from Hemingway's "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber," possesses none of the lion's aforementioned traits. He is weak, passive, and non-aggressive. Macomber's wife Margot controls him by putting him down and abusing Macomber with words. Margot tells Macomber that she is embarrassed of him because he acted like a coward. Her face turns red, but not red from drunkenness like the men; it turns red due to embarrassment (Hemingway, 1987, p. 6). Due to his fear, Francis Macomber could not finish killing the lion and ran away "running wildly in panic toward the stream" (Hemingway, 1987, p. 17). His anxiety made him sick and nauseous. Macomber feels inadequate because of his apprehensions and fearfulness. As a result, Margot commits adultery frequently knowing he would never leave her because of his insecurities. Macomber's shy and insecure demeanor is the complete opposite of the strong lion in the story. When Macomber neared it with a gun, the lion stood its ground and was not afraid. ...read more.

Conclusion

Compie, the pilot, flies Harry to the peak of Mount Kilimanjaro, so Harry could reach the top as he had aspired (Hemingway, 1987, p. 56). Harry surpasses the leopard and dies finally attaining courage and free of his regrets. On the whole, Francis Macomber's cowardliness is amplified by the presence of the powerful lion in the story. Harry's inadequacy towards reaching his goals is amplified by the presence of the aspiring leopard in the story. Macomber lacks power, which the lion symbolizes; Harry lacks courage, which the leopard symbolizes. Nevertheless, at the end of each story, both protagonists gain what they had wanted most. For Macomber, it was the power and strength he never had, especially over his wife. He gains the confidence to be imperious and that leads to his happiness. For Harry, it was the bravery to achieve his ambitions. All his life, he had felt laughable and cowardly, but he starts taking on his objectives and reaches the top of Mount Kilimanjaro as he had aspired. The lion and the leopard are used to enhance specific traits and to reveal how these traits transform in the main characters of Hemingway's short stories "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber" and "The Snows of Kilimanjaro. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Ernest Hemingway section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Ernest Hemingway essays

  1. Study Questions for the Short Story, "Hills Like White Elephants" by Hemingway

    most brilliant short stories, the symbolism implicit in the title and developed in the story contributes more than any other single quality to the powerful impact." Agree with any part of this statement in detail, quoting relevant phrases from the story as needed.

  2. Analysis: A Clean, Well-lighted Place by Ernest Hemingway

    Some people, mostly old ones, question their purpose in life at a certain point in their lives. They try to search for the meaning and importance of their lives but unfortunately come up with nothing. With this feeling of nothingness come the feeling of loneliness and hopelessness and their lack of faith in God.

  1. Uncovering the beauty and depth of such a simple man as Santiago in The ...

    With his respect for nature, he understood and respected life and the quality of it.

  2. A Farewell To Arms Analysis. Throughout the novel A Farewell to Arms the ...

    In relationship to the war, Hemingway show how even idealistic notions such as glory and honor will fade when a person is faced with the futile realism of war. There is no true no true escape.

  1. The Code Hero in The Sun Also Rises

    Jake himself admits, "Under the wine I lost the disgusted feeling and was happy" (Hemingway 135). Alcohol, then, is Jake's release for the frustration and pain that his constant battle causes him. Jake not only uses alcohol to release his frustrations, but also as a way to escape from the

  2. An example of Hemmingway writing positively is when he writes about the reaction of ...

    I think he may be feeling angry because she does not get what he is trying to tell her about how he wants the relationship to end. When Nick says 'You know everything', I think he is trying to pick a fight.

  1. Discuss how the writer explores conflict in Ernest Hemingway's "The End of Something" and ...

    scenario knows that his mother is being disloyal and I think that the reader sides with the narrator. The woman is turning her back on her child and father for someone she knows vaguely; therefore the woman receives no sympathy from the reader.

  2. Exploring the Iceberg: In Hills like White Elephants, Hemingways austere syntax consists mainly of ...

    In ?Hills like White Elephants?, Hemingway?s austere syntax consists mainly of short dialogue and undetailed descriptions. The brevity of the statements made by the characters holds the reader?s attention and exposes the awkward and uncomfortable nature of the conversation they are having.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work