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Field Hockey Rules Development Timeline

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Introduction

Field Hockey Rules Development Timeline 1901 Advantage Rule accepted. Constance Applebee introduces hockey to the USA with an exhibition at Harvard 1904 Intentionally undercutting and raising of the ball is penalized. Scoop stroke permitted. 1907 Umpires to apply rules without waiting for appeal. 1908 Penalty corner introduced 1936 Notes & Suggestions to Umpires published in the Rules book. 1938 Stiock interferance, including hooking of sticks, forbidden 1957 25-yard bully replaced by 16-yard hit. 1959 Temporary suspensions introduced. 1963 Penalty bully replaced by penalty stroke 1970 Roll-in from side-line replaced by push-ins 1972 Offside changes from three to two defenders. ...read more.

Middle

Offside to be applied only in 25-yeard areas. 1989 Number of substitutes increased from two to three. 1992 "Rolling" substitutions introduced. 1994 Captains made responsible for teams' behavior and for substitutions. Goalkeepers required to wear protective headgear. 1995 Free hit to be avanced 10 yards for dissent. Substitution allowed at penalty corners and penalty strokes. 1996 Goalkeepers' gauntlets renamed "hand protectors" and to be maximum of 14 inches long and 9 inches wide. No offside introduced as mandatory experiment. Long corner to be taken from spot on sideline (mandatory experiment) Pass back amended to Centre Pass 1997 Time prolonged to permit completion of penalty corner at the end of both halves (mandatory experiment). ...read more.

Conclusion

Reappraisal of definition of stick Broken white lines to be marked on pitch five meters outside circle line. substitution of player with exposed bleeding to be permitted at penalty corner. 2003 Ball no longer required to be stopped outside the circle before a shot on goal during a penalty corner. Defenders allowed to play the ball at any height within the circle (subject to danger). 2004 Rule book rewritten and rearranged to make the Rules easier to understand. The Rules were laid out in just two sections: Playing the Game and Umpiring 2005 Mandatory experimental rules (from 2004) adopted as formal rules. * permitting a defender to use the stick to stop or deflect a shot at goal at any height. * not requiring the ball to be stopped before a shot at goal at a penalty corner. ...read more.

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