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Fritz Haber has been well known by developing a process by synthesising ammonia from its elements relieving the world's dependence of Chilean ammonia.

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Introduction Fritz Haber has been well known by developing a process by synthesising ammonia from its elements relieving the world's dependence of Chilean ammonia. He is a twentieth century Nobel Prize winner who helped Germany in World War I by making several scientific discoveries to their advantage. Haber was born on December 9, 1868 in Prussia. He was the son of a successful German chemical merchant and worked for his father after being educated in Berlin, Heidelberg, and Zurich. After a short time, Haber left his father's business and took up research in organic chemistry at the University of Jena. He left Jena and became a junior teacher at the Technische Hochschule of Karlsruhe. At the age of 25, Haber immediately bettered himself, with great enthusiasm he began to teach and research physical chemistry, a subject in which he was self-taught. Quickly he gained respect and recognition for his research in electrochemistry and thermodynamics. He also wrote many books involving his research. The Haber Process does the following: 1. The two gases are mixed and cleaned. 2. The mixture is compressed to bring the particles closer together. 3. The mixture then goes to the converter (temperature 450 C, pressure 200 atmosphere) ...read more.


Haber's institute worked on many wartime concerns including the problem of keeping motors running. He showed that xylene and the solvent naptha were good substitutes for toluene as antifreeze in benzene motor fuel. Xylene and naptha were available in Germany and toluene was not, Haber's contributions helped to keep German machinery running through out the war. Haber also served his country with his process. Not only was ammonia used as a raw material in the production of fertilisers, it was also (and still is) used in the production of nitric acid. Nitric acid is a raw material used to make high explosives and other ammunition necessary for the war. Haber helped to make Germany independent of Chile and other countries for necessary materials, Haber served his country in the greatest ways. Without his process, Germany would never have had a chance to win the war. Chemical Warfare Another contribution Haber made to Germany's war effort was in the development of chemical warfare. He became involved in the production of protective chemical devices for troops, but more infamously, directed the first gas attacks against enemy troops. Haber is often referred to as the father of modern chemical warfare as he organised and directed the first large scale release of chlorine gas at Ypres, France on April 22, 1915. ...read more.


Because of his excellent service to his country in World War I, his life was not actually threatened, but he realised that it was time to emigrate. It is known that he would have preferred to go to Switzerland, but no invitation was offered. He was offered a position at Cambridge, so he left Germany for good in 1933. He did not stay long in England, his health deteriorated and the climate depressed him. He went to Switzerland and died suddenly at Basle on January 30, 1935, at the age of 65. Conclusion Fritz Haber was an extremely dedicated and talented scientist. He is famously known for his ammonia synthesis and poison gas involvement. But Haber worked on many different projects and made a variety of important chemical discoveries. Even his failure at obtaining gold from seawater actually quickened the discovery of the extraction of bromine from the ocean, which is used in the production of natural gas and oil. I think Haber deserves a place in chemical history for his important discoveries. He played an important part in World War I but he was later discriminated by the country which he greatly served and had devoted his life to help in any way. Contents 1. Introduction 2. The Haber Process 3. Ammonia Manufacturing Process(diagram) 4. Helping Germany 5. Chemical Warfare 6. After The War + Conclusion 7. ...read more.

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