• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13

Geographical Variation of English.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Topic: Geographical Variation Student ID: 03912211 Name: Hu Chun-Shan Tutor: Dr Mark Garner Number of Words: 2800 Geographical Variation of English Introduction As we know, English is the global language and due to this phenomenon it has changed a lot over time, such as historical variation, situational variation and geographical variation. Only a few centuries ago, the English language comprised a collection of dialects spoken in a small island by monolinguals (people who use only one language). Nowadays, it has varieties of distinction such as pidgins and creoles, "new Englishes", and a range of differing standard and non-standard varieties that are spoken in more than sixty different countries all over the world. As a matter of fact, most people tend to associate English with different English-speaking areas. But when they consider regional varieties of English, they also have to confront the issue of dialect. The difference between accent and dialect seems relatively simple to describe. For example, accent consists of pronunciation; dialect consists of grammar; words and their meanings, and pronunciation, but it is hard to define the boundaries. (Graddol et al., 1996) In this assignment, I will focus on the geographical variation of English. In the first chapter, I will describe Kachru's model of new Englishes, who has visualized the spread of English around the world as three concentric circles, and its five characteristics. In the second chapter, the background of English and the four main reasons of using English in Taiwan will be discussed. In the final part, I will explain the dialect of Taiwan English and discuss where it comes from, and my own experience of learning and using language. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore, there are some TV programers to teach English that attract people of all ages from young children to the elderly. In addition to this, there is a diversity of English newspapers which are suitable for each different age and social group. (http://datas.ncl.edu.tw/theabs/1/) Finally, English is the language of trade and science. Many non-English speakers have sound English language skills to do business, to understand scientific publications and to communicate with people from all over the world. With Taiwan's entry into the WTO (World Trade Organization) the need to use English has increased at it is the primary language of the United States, the U.K., Australia, New Zealand and Canada. It is spoken by one out of every six people in the world, hence it has become the lingua franca of business and travel--essential for communication and survival when travelling around the world. (http://publish.gio.gov.tw/FCJ/past/02122071.html) As Taiwan is developing much closer relations with other countries after accessing to WTO, companies now requires employees who speak very fluent English to do overseas business. (http://datas.ncl.edu.tw/theabs/1/) Growing awareness of its worldwide significance has definitely pushed the English craze to even greater heights. Taiwan English It is hard to estimate how many dialects of English there are in the world. We have certainly heard of Indian English or 'Hinglish' and Singaporean English or 'Singlish'. But what about a place like Taiwan where English is not a major language, but an auxiliary language often used in education, business, and international communications? Could Taiwan be considered to have its own dialect of English like Taiwan English or Taiwanlish? Although there are variations in the way each person who is educated in Taiwan speaks English, there is a fairly consistent pattern of pronunciation which is heard. ...read more.

Conclusion

With the development of New English, more and more dialects of English have been investigated by academics. It is impossible to ignore this phenomenon. Why is the case particular with English? Due to the reasons of communication, trade and science, education and the relationship with U.S.A, Taiwan chose the English as a foreign language. With the development of language in Taiwan, many ways of using English have been developed which are not Standard English anymore. Because of this, Taiwan English has been studied more and more by linguists. As mentioned above, most Taiwanese have their own style of pronunciation, grammar and writing because of the particular pronunciation style of the previous English teacher who are usually from Taiwan. This phenomenon may be one of reasons causing the feature of Taiwan English. Whatever, the current Taiwan government suggests that English could become a second language in next decade. The question we must ask is what will Taiwan English be like. I believe that it will include new vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation but it thinks it is impossible to predict exactly what the changes will be. List of Reference Book Graddol et al. (1996)., English: history, diversity and change Routledge: London Web page Anon (2003)., The sounds and allophones of Taiwan English I [Website] Available at:http://ccms.ntu.edu.tw/~karchung/intro%20page%2027.htm[Accessed 2003, 20, November] Anon (2003)., The sounds and allophones of Taiwan English III [Website] Available at: http://ccms.ntu.edu.tw/~karchung/intro%20page%2029.htm[Accessed 2003, 20, November] Anon (2003)., The New Englishes[Website] Available at: http://courses.nus.edu.sg/course/elltankw/2262/NE.htm[Accessed 2003, 1, December] Liu Louise (2002)., Studying English a national obsession [Website] Available at: http://publish.gio.gov.tw/FCJ/past/02122071.html [Accessed 2003, 25, November] Tsai Ching-Yi (2002)., An observation of English Education through the Phenomenon of the Superior of English Foreign Teacher[Website] Available at: http://datas.ncl.edu.tw/theabs/1/ [Accessed 2003, 22, November] ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks essays

  1. Explain the difference between competence and performance and discuss whether this is something that ...

    Despite the syntactical and grammatical correlation between most European languages, these languages are usually amalgamations of each other, as they have been related (and therefore merged) over centuries. In fact, studies into language parallels have found that, while the principles underlying languages are often similar (e.g.: English, Swahili, Urdu and Yucatan share comparable syntax structures), they are rarely identical.

  2. Investigation into Gender Differences in the Language of Personal Profiles on Dating Websites

    I like to go to the cinema or the local pub/wine bar . I swim twice a week and am learning to dance. In Summer I play tennis and usually go to Wimbledon (as a spectator not a player!).I normally live alone but at present have a Spanish lodger on

  1. Why the Spanish Armada was defeated in 1588.

    The Armada was not defeated by the English it was defeated by the weather. "I sent you to fight with men, not weather,"8 said Philip II to the survivors of the Armada. As quoted earlier even the leader did not have faith in his men.

  2. An analysis of variations in style in comparison to Standard English.

    According to him the accent, as we have seen, does not have the diphthongal pronunciations of the long 'a' vowel in made, gate, face that are more typical of the south of England, and the same is true of long 'o' as in boat, road, load.

  1. An investigation into the similarities and differences between written social interactions through the new ...

    y dont u do ure test?? A: dont worry ime gonna start soon, just been a bit lazy Text B - The following is also an internet chat-room conversation, however, the individuals are both female and are close friends. They are at the inception of their GCSE studies in year 10 of secondary school.

  2. The Influence of English Mass Culture on Estonia

    Though not the reasoning of all Westerners, such is the global discourse and practice. I am sure that no civilization by itself can claim to represent all humanity nor to assume full responsibility for it. Neither can one single civilization claim exclusive rights to provide a universally valid vision of

  1. Which English? Whose English?

    Such a global standard in English would therefore exist in the common subsets of one ore more varieties known to the interlocutors. It follows then that the diversification of English has resulted in an international language where the global standard is self-regulating, with its power for international communication in its flexibility of form.

  2. I chose three articles which have differing viewpoints of squatters. All of the articles ...

    Secondly, the writer emulates Richard's use of the third person as they also try to (unsuccessfully) remove any visible traces of bias. And thirdly, the writer uses a variety of sentence lengths to engage the reader's interest. Finally, all three articles show their views on the issue of squatting.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work