• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Hemingway's Descriptive technique

Extracts from this document...


The First World War wreaked more havoc and destruction than the world had ever seen before. All around them, people could only see death and devastation. The existing moral structure and value systems were coming crumbling down as men killed fellow men without so much as a second thought. This led to people questioning faith, religion, and the existence of God. They began to feel that if there really was a God, then surely he would stop the pain and suffering that man was facing at that time? A movement slowly began to sweep over Europe, where people began to re-think and question the very meaning of life. This school of thought came to be known as Existentialism. Very similar to Existentialism, was Modernism. The Modernists were people who revolted against the music, art and architecture of the times, and targeted mainly the classical and romantic strains of literature. They were people who were depressed and disillusioned by the militarism of the times, and challenged fundamental values such as progress and enlightenment. Like the Existentialists, they too did not believe in the existing set of rules and morals that governed society, and believed it was time for a change. ...read more.


In this manner, Hemingway uses Rinaldi as a foil to bring out and emphasize the change and growth that has taken place in Henry. In Book Three of the novel, Henry and Catherine's romantic interlude has ended, and the focus shifts once more from love to war. It is once again Autumn, and "the trees were all bare and the roads were muddy;" Hemingway continues with his use of rain and water as a bad omen. Mud here also represents the unclarity and uncertainty of the times. Later, in chapter 28, mud acts as an antagonist of sorts, when the ambulances get stuck in it, and this leads to Henry shooting a fellow Italian officer. The contrast between the plains and the mountains, which Hemingway had established in earlier chapters, is laid out more explicitly here when Henry, while speaking to a driver named Gino, tells him that he does not believe that a war can be fought and won in the mountains. This establishes the mountains not only as a place of peace and tranquility, but also of refuge. ...read more.


we notice that though the entire novel up until that point has been entirely in the first person ("I"), the narration now shifts for a brief moment, and Henry begins to use the words "you" and "we". The result of this is that the reader feels much closer to Henry, and gets a chance to put himself in Henry's shoes. Its as if Hemingway wants us all to be Fredrick Henry, if only for a moment. At the end of Book Three, we see Henry traveling in a train car used to transport guns, and thinking quietly about what he has just done, and about his love for Catherine. Again, Hemingway uses the second-person narrative, as Henry justifies his desertion to himself by thinking, "You were out of it now, you had no more obligation." Thus, Hemingway effectively utilizes these various descriptive techniques and employs them to peel away the layers of glory and honour that surround the war, instead showing us the honest, brutal face of war. The novel reaches its climax in Book Three, and we see descending action from here onwards. Essay 03/09/08 10:19 PM 03/09/08 10:19 PM 03/09/08 10:19 PM ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Ernest Hemingway section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Ernest Hemingway essays

  1. A Farewell To Arms Analysis. Throughout the novel A Farewell to Arms the ...

    "And I was pitying you having jaundice. Pity is something that is wasted on you. I suppose you can't be blamed for not wanting to go back to the front. But I should think you would try something more intelligent than producing jaundice with alcoholism."

  2. Symbolism in Cat in the Rain

    For John Hagopian, "the rubber cape is protection from rain, and rain is a fundamental necessity for fertility, and fertility is precisely what is lacking in the American wife's marriage"3 (p.231). All this physical description - the rain, the war monument, the emptiness of the square - foreshadow the depressive

  1. An example of Hemmingway writing positively is when he writes about the reaction of ...

    I think Marjorie is stumped by his short answer, and I think she thinks 'well, there is no point in trying to figure out what went wrong when Nick won't discuss it'. When Marjorie says ' I'm going to take the boat.

  2. Compare and contrast ‘The End of Something’ by Ernst Hemingway and ‘Here We Are’ ...

    "I'm so terribly glad". On other occasions, it is very argumentative, much like Nick and Marjorie towards the end. The pronouns are bland and following verb is always "said" which is very non-descriptive. This makes the tone in which the characters speak unknown and ambiguous, and therefore is open to interpretation.

  1. "The Killers" by Ernest Hemingway.

    The theme of "The Killers" is regularly reflected in today's society. Two prime examples are the sniper attacks during the fall of 2002 and the many school shootings that have taken place since Columbine. Beginning October 2 and ending October 24, John Allen Muhammad, 41, and Lee Boyd Malvo, 17,

  2. The Code Hero in The Sun Also Rises

    In an attempt to forget his wound, Jake submerges himself in a seemingly care-free life of habitual drinking and dining as a French expatriate. Jake's friend Bill remarks, "You've lost touch with the soil...Fake European standards have ruined you" (Hemingway 109).

  1. Study Questions for the Short Story, "Hills Like White Elephants" by Hemingway

    It is the end of the story that makes me think this. First of all I will prove that it is an abortion that this couple is discussing. The man says that it is an operation, and an abortion is an operation.

  2. How does R. Gerallt Jones make us feel sorry for Johnny in 'The Letter'?

    This, again, shows his immaturity. It is a typical thought of a young person that the end of a couple of months will never come. As you grow older in years, you become wiser and know that infact ten weeks is not forever.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work