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How Did the Government Mobilise the Minds of the Nation toward War.

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Question 1 - How Did the Government Mobilise the Minds of the Nation toward War Propaganda is a very powerful thing deliberately used to control or alter people's attitudes, and those whose attitudes have already been controlled or altered, produce predictable behaviour. Propaganda does not depend on violence or bribery. It is simply the publication or broadcast of information designed to influence wartime attitudes towards a particular point of view. Propaganda was often used in 1914. In fact, there were 4,500 cinemas built around Britain to influence propaganda. British filmmakers made over 240 war films between 1915 and 1918. Some of these films are the most famous films of war. The films were propaganda triumphs and brought the people closer to the conditions of war; this is a very powerful type of propaganda. Films were made such as the battle of Somme which was made as propaganda as it was sanitised for public display, using a mixture of stage footage and genuine battle sequences, probably one of the most remarkable films of the year. In 1914, propaganda had developed so much that it was then divided into two main categories: State Propaganda and Private Propaganda. State Propaganda was any type of propaganda which involved the government such as newspapers which they controlled and used a combination of triumph and ...read more.


and establishment of national unity behind just a cause. By 1916, cinemas had really started to take off and other methods of conveying propaganda were introduced such as creating leaflets with explicit stories of German barbarism and how German factories were using dead bodies to turn them into fat, oil and possibly even pig's fodder. Though it was a lie, it was spread across the world and turned Germans into ruthless beings. Most of the news stories published were true but due to their explicit content they were not thought of as lies. Some authors signed a declaration stating that they supported the war. They then used mass literacy as the department of history at Oxford University produced a five-volume explanation of why Britain was justified in going to war. This dismissed all the doubts about war being the wrong thing which then truly mobilised the minds of the nation towards war. Propaganda was how the state took greater control over peoples lives. Propaganda told them where to work, how to spend their leisure, what to eat, what to do and especially what to think. Citizens were denied access to information that could lead them to the question 'Is the war worth fighting?' ...read more.


This would also emphasise the fact that propaganda was effective. It is hard to define whether propaganda was a complete success. All in all, it was to a certain extent due to the fact that it kept the war firm despite the amount of casualties because the newspapers proved to be very successful in the way that more than half the population read newspapers during the war. The newspapers circulation even increased by double. This must've meant the propaganda worked because citizens must have read what the government would have wanted them to read, therefore people mobilizing themselves on their own accord demolished the reason for extreme measures of propaganda to take place. Citizens joined their own patriotic organisations again reducing the need for too much propaganda. To a certain extent hatred was brought upon Germany by propaganda. The full horrors of war were disguised which was a great success. The good side of war was highlighted by official reports, press coverage and film material. Overall, propaganda most definitely mobilised the minds of the nation whether it was through newspapers, comics, leaflets, books, etc but the main fact is the government managed to blind the horror of war and only showed the nation what they wanted to see which would act as a boost in morale hence, the citizens will contribute more to the wartime effort which is what the government would have wanted in the first place. ...read more.

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