• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Keats use language to create contrast?

Extracts from this document...


How does Keats use language to create contrast in stanzas I - XVIII? In Stanza XVIII, Porphyro is described as "burning" when we are told of his strong feelings for Madeline. The reader is told of the very active, alive emotions that Porphyro is experiencing. In Stanza IX, Porphyro is extremely aware of Madeline with his "heart on fire for Madeline". This contrasts with Madeline's cold, dreamy remoteness from everything and everyone around her. Stanzas V-VIII highlight on Madeline's disconnection from the world, since she is so oblivious to everything that is happening around her. "The music, yearning like a God in pain, She scarcely heard....came many a tiptoe...but she saw not: her heart was other where" (Stanza VIII).This stanza indicates the contrast between the awake and lively Porphyro and the sleepy and dreamy Madeline, who is so oblivious to everything that she does not even realise that Porphyro is in her chamber. Keats also uses many images to set up the contrasts between the cold outside the castle and the warmth inside the castle. ...read more.


'Gold' and 'Silver' help to tune in with the readers senses and to introduce them to a completely different environment, and this helps Keats to create contrast through language. For example, Keats uses more alliteration to emphasise on a faster pace and on the joys of St Agnes' Eves celebrations. "...ever eager eyed" (Stanza IV). The faster pace also helps to highlight on the warmth and excitement that is surrounding those in the party. This is in contrast with the lonely and very cold Beadsman in the chapel outside the castle. Furthermore, some of the stanzas, between stanzas I - XVIII, have a purely descriptive role, whilst other stanzas have a purely narrative role. This change enables Keats to emphasise on the idea of contrast. In the descriptive stanzas, there is hardly any involvement from the narrator, as the story of Madeline is purely described through the use of metaphors, adjectives, alliteration etc. This helps the reader to feel connected with the story as well as to gain a clearer understanding of the situation in the story and of the settings around the characters. ...read more.


So, Keats is able to highlight to the reader that Porphyro feels relieved and happy to see the aged nurse, since she can give him information on Madeline's whereabouts. Therefore, Keats is informing the reader that we should also feel happy and relieved for Porphyro. This is in contrast to the descriptive stanzas, where the reader was left to decide whether the stanza is on a happy tone or a sad tone, as well as leaving us to decide how we feel about the story in the poem. Overall, the contrasts that are used in these stanzas and in the overall poem enable Keats to highlight on important ideas and aspects of the poem. They also enable the reader to create links and ideas with certain aspects of the poem, since the contrasts also help to form a relationship between different stanzas and various events in the poem. Therefore, through the use of language and various devices, Keats is able to maintain and involve the audience' interest by establishing contrast in the poem. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level John Keats section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level John Keats essays

  1. The interplay of dreams and reality is frequently found within John Keats' poems.

    and 'Ode on a Grecian Urn' concludes rather enigmatically. CHAPTER FOUR 'HYPERION' AND 'THE FALL OF HYPERION; A DREAM' ' 'The Fall of Hyperion; A Dream' also include references to dreams and reality. Here Keats begins opening with a dream vision of art. This shows similarities to 'Ode on a Grecian urn' where I believe, through the urn, Keats seems to present art as the highest form of wisdom.

  2. John Keats was born on October 31st, 1795 in Finsbury Pavement near London.

    obsession with a basil-pot, containing her lover's recovered head and the plant weaned on tears: "Hung over her sweet Basil evermore, And moistened it with tears unto the core." Lines 423 - 424 For Isabella the secret of Lorenzo's concealed head is important, because it substitutes, rather awkwardly, the secret love she once shared with him.

  1. "A Vale of Soul-Making" A Biography of John Keats

    In a letter to George Keats he speaks of his reluctance to publish his work: "I should suffer my pride and contempt of public opinion to hold me silent...These Reviews too are getting more and more powerful...they are like a superstition which the more it prostrates the crowd and the longer it continues the more powerful it becomes..."

  2. Compare and Contrast the two poems Ballad and La Belle Dame Sans Merci. Comment ...

    Archaic language and uses of language are replicated in La Belle Dame Sans Merci, however there are underlying meanings to the words making the ballad more appealing to a contemporary audience. This is because Keats wrote after the time when they were traditionally used.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work