• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Shakespeare create and maintain tension and dramatic inpact in Act 1 Scene 3?

Extracts from this document...


Macbeth is a dramatic and well written play by one of the world famous authors...William Shakespeare. Throughout the play Shakespeare uses many clever and sophisticated techniques, which help create and maintain tension and dramatic impact. Also Pathetic Fallacy, dramatic irony & characters which foil one another and are juxtaposed adds to the question, How does Shakespeare maintain and create tension and dramatic impact to Act 1 scene 3? Firstly, Shakespeare creates tension and dramatic impact in act 1 scene 3 by introducing an efficient technique called Pathetic Fallacy. This helps give a dramatic effect when the witches first come on stage. 'The heath: Thunder. Enter the three witches.' The play starts with the Witches, with thunder and lightning, both heart-pounding. The audience may feel the atmosphere and mood is of disarray. This is first of all a pathetic fallacy because of the weather being so bad and the hideous appearance of the witches. This scene also gives us the first sign of the supernatural. The witches are the man source of the evil and supernatural in the play and they also give an impression of fear, horror and mystery. As well as this Shakespeare had set this scene away from society and desolate. ...read more.


Peace! The charm's wound up.' The audience of the time of Shakespeare would have believed in witches thus, as a result they would have been familiar with the stereotypical and supernatural beings. When Shakespeare directs the witches into speaking in rhyme, this once again creates the tension and maintains it in Act 1 Scene 3. Next Shakespeare uses another effective method which helps create and maintain tension and dramatic impact in Act 1 Scene 3, is how the writer foils the two characters, Macbeth and Banquo. When they both are coming back from the battle, and how both of their reactions to the witches are opposite, and also in a way they are juxtaposed. When Macbeth first hears the witches tell their prophecies, he 'starts'. 'Good sir, why do you start, and seem to fear things that do sound so fair?' This implies that by hearing that Macbeth will be king hereafter he is startled and it could also designate that he may want to believe the witches. However Banquo does not dwell on the witches� prophecies but Macbeth is entranced. The audience can judge the witches better than Macbeth can, we know that Macbeth has become the thane of Cawdor because he is brave and not because of the witches magic, and we are not surprised, as Macbeth is, when Ross calls him by his title. ...read more.


Can the devil speak true?' To the audience the character of Banquo is curious to know what is happening. In the same way once again Macbeth seems to believe the witches as he thinks that two of the witches prophecies have come true therefore, he thinks the third one must. [Aside] 'If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me, without my stir' Macbeth seems to think the witches speak truth, and he believes them, however the audience may seem to think differently as the audience of the time would have been against the witches and this would have created dramatic impact to Act 1 scene 3. As Macbeth and Banquo both think differently and both of their actions are different, this technique which Shakespeare has used once again creates tension, and dramatic impact to Act 1 scene 3. In conclusion I believe that by using different techniques and methods throughout Act 1 Scene 3 of the play: Macbeth, William Shakespeare has managed to grab to audiences attention. These various schemes have all worked in different ways to cause tension and dramatic impact to Act 1 Scene 3. By making the scene like this the audience stay intrigued in the play and this helps make the play a successful play. So how does Shakespeare create and maintain tension and dramatic impact in Act 1 Scene 3? I believe this is by using many different techniques. By Namrata Rajyaguru 9PW ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Macbeth section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Macbeth essays

  1. How does Shakespeare Create Sympathy for Macbeth?

    hard to act surprised and shocked (probably because he is still coming to terms with doing it himself) and so she faints to draw attention away. Macbeth has a soliloquy in which he hallucinates and sees an imaginary dagger in front of him: "Is this a dagger which I see before me...

  2. The Dramatic Impact and Significance of Act 1 Scene 1 and Act 3 Scene ...

    It tells us that they are powerful enough to control the weather and they are vicious and calculated enough to use that power to hurt others. Macbeth and Banquo meet the witches on the moor, after the battle, just as the witches had predicted.

  1. Why is act 1 scene 3 important to our understanding of Macbeth?

    However will his attitude towards the prophecies change as the play develops? This could maybe bring tension between Macbeth and Banquo to the play. When the witches say 'lesser than Macbeth, and Greater, Not so happy, yet much Happier.' This is contradicting Macbeth and Banquos fortunes, but a contradiction could lead to jealousy and a corruption of the friendship.

  2. Trace the Development of Macbeth's Character in Act One

    She tries to shame him into the murder using a lexical field of bravery. The words she uses are "Valour", "act" and "afeard", all of which would hurt Macbeth. Another example of this lexical field is in "And live a coward in thine own esteem."

  1. Roman Polanski's Interpretation of Shakespeare's Presentation of the witches in act 1 scene 1 ...

    pentameter is set in reverse mode, the inverted pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables reflects the inverted mission to perceive evil as good and good as evil. Finally in the last line of scene one, when they say "hover through the fog and filthy air" the word hover here suggests a sense of the supernatural and weird.

  2. Macbeth - Act 4 Scene 1: Discuss the Dramatic Potential in this scene.

    However, Macbeth has gone looking for them. As soon as he enters, he doesn't ask the witches anything, he demands. This can be seen as he says, 'How now you secret, black, and midnight hags! What is't you do?' However he does not seem fearful. A reaction such as this one would make Macbeth's behaviour very dramatic.

  1. Discuss the role of witches in Act 1 of

    Tragedies, histories and comedies attracted all types of people. As an educated man, Shakespeare's love for Latin poetry and reading inspired him to create extraordinary and phenomenal plays. Shakespeare studied ancient texts such as the "Holinshed Chronicles" which included notes on historical events and ancient people.

  2. 'Macbeth is full of highly dramatic scenes. Choose two scenes and explore how Shakespeare ...

    The first thing Macbeth says after the prophecies is: 'Stay you imperfect speakers, tell me more.' This hints that he has taken into consideration the predictions that the witches have just said and believes them enough to want to hear more.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work