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How Does Shakespeare Present the Realtionships With Ariel and Caliban

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How Does Shakespeare Present Prospero's Relationships With Ariel and Caliban? - Second Draft Caliban and Ariel both share a relationship with Prospero, the lead character of the play. Caliban and Prospero have a relationship mainly ruled by anger and dislike towards Caliban, but has an underlying theme that Caliban is Prospero's unwilling slave, yet has underlying tones of Caliban being part of Prospero's personality and that Prospero doesn't like this. Ariel however has a relationship fuelled by debt with Prospero, but it is a dual relationship, as a paternal theme is made clear throughout. There is also the theme that Ariel is Prospero's loving side, a side that is only properly realised by Prospero towards the end of the play when redemption is brought about through Ariel, it is almost as though Ariel guides Prospero throughout the play. The relationship between Caliban and Prospero is complicated, Prospero still has society's beliefs of natural order, and Caliban, who has had very little contact with the outside world, knows little of the way things work. Caliban (and Ariel) are effectively the "colonised" subjects of Prospero, and Caliban who reacted positively to having new people to see showed the marooned pair around the island, showing them how to live on it. This soon turned sour when Caliban attempted to rape Miranda, and Shakespeare presents the beginnings of the new relationship between Caliban and Prospero as Caliban was forced into slavery by Prospero ("Thou most lying slave...till thou didst seek to violate the honour of my child"). ...read more.


Another point Shakespeare makes to present the relationship between Caliban and Prospero is that Prospero effectively usurped Caliban from his island. As a European, Prospero would think nothing of this, as he feels it is his duty to colonise as many places in the world as possible, but Caliban is bitter for the loss of his island; 'This island's mine by Sycorax my mother' and is resentful towards Prospero because he 'sty me in this hard rock', displaying the use of animal imagery from Caliban himself. Shakespeare also shows the control Prospero has over Caliban in his speech. Prospero has taught Caliban language, implying that through this, he can control or limit his thoughts and actions, making sure that he is constantly under his rule. Caliban's expressions and thoughts are going to be influenced by the thoughts and expressions of Prospero, to an extent, and the proof of this is that Caliban refers to himself as an animal, thinking that it is acceptable. Ariel on the other hand was present on the island at the same time as Caliban and Sycorax, meaning that he has not been so easily swayed by the culture of the Europeans, and although "Civilised" by Prospero along with Caliban, Ariel has been able to remain above the full control Prospero has with Caliban by having power to resist it. His ability with magic also puts him on the same level as Prospero, but always slightly, in Prospero's eyes, below. ...read more.


Ariel guides Prospero into being gentle with his new found perspective of life, and the word 'beheld' implies that he is holding everything in his hands, and how he treats it will affect the relationships he has carved for his daughter and what he is about to do for himself in the future. Ariel's use of the noun 'affections' reminds Prospero that instead of treating everything like it'll fight back and constantly snap back to make sure it is under his power, an example of which would be with Miranda, when she was chided for no apparent reason - "Dost thou attend me?" he must treat it like you would a new born child, carefully. A semantic field of 'love' is also brought into effect by Ariel as he guides Prospero for the last time with the words 'charm', 'beheld', 'affections' and 'tender' all being used. Shakespeare presents the relationship as master and slave between Prospero and Caliban in many different ways, from the obvious - Prospero's constant threats and punishments, to the not so obvious, Caliban's appearance, and Prospero's teachings and the way society has moulded Prospero's mind to believe in physiognomy and a 'European is best' kind of thought. While Caliban may fight against his slavery to Prospero, he knows no better, and Prospero does not think anything of his actions. The presentation of the relationship between Ariel and Prospero is turbulent, as Prospero struggles for power over Ariel who complies with less of a fight than Caliban, but Ariel is almost Prospero's guide on the island to bettering himself while he pays off his debt of freedom. ?? ?? ?? ?? Imogen Hart AS English Lit - CW First Draft ...read more.

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