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How has Danny's language skills developed? And what roles has his mother played in this? Look at his problems and areas for development.

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How has Danny's language skills developed? And what roles has his mother played in this? Look at his problems and areas for development. All children are unique when it comes to their language development. Children progress at different stages, over a period of time. They are also difficult to study, as their language contains many inconsistencies and maybe ambiguous in its meaning. How do we know whether a child has understood what we are asking? Do they understand but are unable to respond because they simple don't know? There is evidence of a time lag between children's understanding and the production of their own language. By looking at "Danny and his mum" I aim to look at language skills in a child aged 2. Then move on to look at his problems and developments, as he gets older to the age of 2 1/4. At the age of 2, Danny is able to use holophrases, one-word sentences to make a response. "go" Danny shows that he understands the final question his mum asks him by giving the correct adjective. "green" Danny is able to take turns in the conversation with his mum showing conversational skills. In almost all of the examples Danny is coherent. He answers the questions his mum asks him with an appropriate answer. In B8, however, his mum asks him an advanced question "What do you think he's putting water on the road for?" ...read more.


This shows that Danny's grammar is developing. This is his longest sentence so far, and he has included a verb. However Danny has problems with the tense, "fall out" instead of "fallen out". This shows that Danny is still in the 'here and now' phrase of language. He only describes things he can see in front of him, as tenses usually develop after this phrase. Danny shows inconsistency in his language because after his 3-part sentence using a verb, adverbial and subject he goes back to holophrases, "tractor". However, as his language develops Danny starts to use different sorts of phrases including subject, verb, and adverbial phrases, "Becca / draw/ on there". Danny shows here that he is having difficulties with his tenses "draw" should be "drew". This sentence is nearly perfect and shows a positive development of his language. Danny's skills in language include pronunciation skills. Danny manages to pronounce consonant clusters including "statue" and "tractor". In some examples he stutters, he stutters while trying to find the right lexis or phrase. "Look (.) He went (winter) (.) (winterz)". This sentence does show development as Danny uses the past tense "went". The biggest word Danny is able to use at this stage is "vintage" a 2-syllable word, which is quite, advanced lexis. In B10 Danny stutters and makes a false start, maybe because his mum confuses him. It appears he has confidence to talk and explain what he means showing development. ...read more.


He has started to chat to his mum not just answer her questions. By 2 1/4 Danny is out of the here and now phrase and skills are improving. However, his speech still includes a few ellipses "doing like this all day." and word order problems the above should be something like this, "I like doing this all day.". Danny's mum helps Danny by encouraging him with questions particularly "wh" questions in stage B. She sometimes struggles to speak on Danny's level or at least one that he understands fully, however, she is successful in getting a response from him. "What's he lifting? What's the crane lifting up?" In some examples she uses tag questions "isn't it" showing that she is encouraging him to respond. Danny's mum does correct Danny's mistakes in some examples "Splashing the piggy (.)". However, Danny does not always respond by repeating his mother. "splash piggy". Danny's mum's main input to his language is her talking to him and making him understand by questioning and encouraging him to respond. Danny's biggest language development from being 2 to 2 1/4 is his use of conjunctions. These have encouraged a wider vocabulary / lexis and have moved Danny away from the holophrases he used and the here and now phrase that he was in when he was 2. Danny's language will continue to develop over time and he will learn more about grammar, sentence structures and vocabulary to help him communicate with the rest of the world. ...read more.

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