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How the views of Poets on war and patriotism have changed since the 1900s.

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Introduction

I would like to examine how the views of war and patriotism have changed since the 1900s. To do this I will be studying three poems: "Vitai Lampada" written in 1892 by Henry Newbolt, "Disabled" written by Wilfred Owen during World War 1 and a modern poem called "Why Patriots are a Bit Nuts in the Head" which was written by Roger McGough in the 1960's. Each expresses a different view of war. "Disabled" and "Why Patriots are a Bit Nuts in the Head" show similar views but from very different perspectives, while "Vitai Lampada" is quite patriotic and glorifies war. "Vitai Lampada" conveys the heroic and patriotic values of war. Henry Newbolt suggests that war and defending the British Empire is an important part of everyday life, he also believes that when one soldier dies another is given his soul which he describes as being 'a torch of life', this is meant to be the soldiers' fighting spirit. The poem begins on an English school's cricket pitch where a group of young boys are playing cricket, at the end of this verse we hear the line " Play up! ...read more.

Middle

The phrase 'the river of death has brimmed his banks' in verse two, is a good example of a metaphor. It describes death as being a river and since so many of the soldiers have died, death has actually overflowed with the number of souls which are leaving the soldiers bodies. There is a rhyming pattern in Vitai Lampada, the pattern is 'a, b, a, b, c, d, c, d ', this pattern occurs in every verse of the poem. There is a strong use of words beginning with the letter 'S' in this poem, for example 'sake, selfish, sodden and square'. Nearly every one of the 'S' words start off with a 'seh' sound which slows down the rhythm of the poem and makes it sound quieter and more calming even though the poem is about war. "Disabled" shows us the suffering of wounded victims of war who fought valiantly alongside their comrades but who shall never be known as heroes. The forgotten soldiers that people always seem to ignore, the tortured souls who suffer in silence with terrible wounds, scars and disfiguring disabilities that shall never leave. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is an irregular rhyme scheme in Disabled as it changes from verse to verse and each verse has a different amount of lines the longest being sixteen lines and the shortest having only three lines. "Patriots are Nuts in the Head" was written by Roger McGough in the 1960's, it shows a very unpatriotic view by mocking war and death. The poem mocks patriots by saying that patriots wear red, white and blue tinted spectacles, this is a reference to rose tinted spectacles, according to the phrase people who wear rose tinted spectacles see everything as being happy and rosy. By saying that patriots wear red, white and blue tinted spectacles that they see everything as being British. The poet goes on to explain how useless death is, he talks about being posthumous which is an award given to a person who has died valiantly in battle. This poem has absolutely no literary devices, there are not even any verses in the poem only one long stream of thought. The three poems show three different views of war all of which are correct in their own way. I believe that war is a sad necessity which has to take place so people can lead a safe and secure life free from tyrants and dictators who threaten world peace. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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** 2 STARS

The writer clearly understands the three poems and their differing messages. However this essay needs to contain more quotes and analysis using appropriate terminology. It is not enough to merely describe the content of the poems.

Marked by teacher Katie Dixon 07/08/2013

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