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How Your Child Learns To Speak!

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[image002.gif] How Your Child Learns To Speak! [image004.jpg] [image002.gif] Introduction Have you ever wondered how your child learns to talk? Do you worry that they are not learning at a normal rate and that you are doing something wrong? Well if you have any worries or simply want more information about the subject, this booklet will hopefully be the perfect guide to how children learn to speak and at what is a normal rate. But some points to note are: � That children develop physically at more or less the same rate and so all normally develop language at about the same time � BUT, don't worry if your child is not exactly at the stage they should be for their age, this is only a guide. Some children struggle with some parts more than others but he most causes eventually overcome their problems but it may take more time. [image002.gif] The nature of child language It has been suggested that Language Acquisition is a biologically determined process because of the relationship between physical and mental growth. Although this can not be the complete story as some children who do not have any or very limited interaction with other humans do not learn the normal language skills. Even if children who were deprived from language in their early years and are then introduced into society they fail to acquire any more than a very basic linguistic knowledge. ...read more.


You may think of it as baby talk. Characteristics include slower delivery, exaggerated vowels and pitch sounds, commands, tag questions (isn't it?, aren't we?' repetition, correction, elaboration, and shortening and simplification of sentences. Although there is little evidence that CDS aids in language acquisition, certainly the one-on-one communication between child and caregiver influences the child's desire and ability to communicate and understand basic speech patterns. Also between 18 and 24 months when a child reaches the stage where he is consciously trying to learn language, picking up to several new words a day CDS can streamline the process. [image005.gif] [image002.gif] Stages of Child Language Acquisition 0-4Months Child sounds are mainly reflexive crying. They are simply expressing their feeling in the only way they can. 4-6 months By this time babies start to make many more sounds. Before speaking words, babies go through a period of babbling in which they are practising sounds, intonations and rhythms of language. They learn to replicate sounds they hear and how moving they tongue and lips changes the sounds they are making. They start to able in response to stimulation and eventually use it to manipulate others by expressing needs and wants. 9-12 Months The child's babbling becomes more melodic. Intonation starts to sound more like adult patterns. At first the sounds will be mainly drawn out vowel sounds. ...read more.


You may also notice that children become more inventive; creating new words from patterns they have heard but do not remember accurately like buffalosaurus (buffalo and dinosaur). Their pronunciation will also become closer to the standard adult form too. Some immature pronunciation is still typical at this age but some stand will have standardised like the sounds m, h and j. Between the ages of 2.8 and 4 some of the harder sounds will be learnt like s, l and r. You will notice the use of features such as auxiliary verbs like `I can' and `I have'. The increased use of pronouns will also be present. Eventually they master syntax (the grammatical relationship between words in sentences). By this stage a child is certainly able to communicate and will spend the rest of their childhood, and indeed their adulthood, expanding their vocabulary and knowledge of language. [image002.gif] From 3 years Telegraphic speech is replaced by more fluent and sophisticated language use. Vocabulary continues to expand and diversify and pronunciation continues to become more standard. The structure of sentences will become more varied. Co-ordination like but and and and now commonly used and conjunctions like because, so, if and when help children to create longer sentences. It is normal for children to still be confused by regular and irregular past tense verbs like broke/breaked and broke. This process of understanding language will continue up until like ages of 8 or 9 where still semantics (then meaning of language) will continue to cause problems. ...read more.

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