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Ict and person with special needs

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Introduction

ICT and person with special needs Because of the flexibility and the complexity of modern computer systems, the technology lends itself well to adapt to people with special needs. All of the benefits that most people without special needs gain, can also be made available to those people with special needs. For instance, voice recognition systems built into the Microsoft software allow people with vision impairment to dictate emails and letters via a microphone to applications such as Word. This in turn means that they can keep in close communication with friends and family. This is of obvious benefit to them as their mobility is likely to be more restricted that a normally sighted person. On the internet there are programs that will read articles and news items via the speakers to the user. This gives huge access to people with visual impairment to information that they otherwise would not have had. We, as a class, compiled a bundle of questions and gave them to our teacher to ask Mrs. X (a young blind lady who does not want to be named because she is embarrassed). This lady lives alone in a small village outside Uckfield and depends on friends, family, social services and the goodwill of others around her to help her with her daily routine. She does not want to rely on the goodwill of charities. ...read more.

Middle

For all remote controls throughout the house whatever they are for they all have Braille on them so she can sense what the remote does. They also have large buttons so they have more surface area and more chance of hitting the button and finding out what the button is for. This is easier for her as she cannot see, so she has to use her knowledge and understanding of Braille to sense what the remote control does. She also has a mobile phone that has these special large buttons printed with Braille on them, but this specialized phone makes a sound when she presses each button, like a unique identifier in a database. For when she's out and about on her own or with a friend and is unsure when to cross a road she comes up to a pelican crossing normally she wouldn't be able to tell when to cross the road. There is a lever under the pelican crossing controls that spins when the lights turn red, so that the blind don't get run over. This is very helpful to her for her safety when she's crossing a road. But on some of the pelican crossing controls they do not have this lever that you twist which is a problem for the blind, but it has them on the majority of them. ...read more.

Conclusion

She could have other technologies for example: The traditional white cane is still the most common mobility device for the blind. It is a simple and effective tool that enables users to extend their sense of touch and "preview" the area ahead of them as they walk. But the long, rigid cane is not well suited to all situations or all users. Manduchi's high-tech alternative is a laser-based range-sensing device about the size of a flashlight. A laser, much like the one in an ordinary laser pointer, is combined with a digital camera and a computer processor that analyses and integrates spatial information as the user moves the device back and forth over a scene. The user receives feedback about the scene in the form of audio signals, and an additional tactile interface is being developed for future prototypes. In the audio signal, the pitch corresponds to distance, and there are also special sounds to indicate features such as a curb, step, or drop-off. All of these possible technologies that I have listed above could be of great help to her. She has a lot of technologies that help her a lot in her every day life. These technologies help Miss. X to live more independently, and to reduce the need of support to keep her dignity. The "virtual white cane" combines a laser, a camera, and a computer processor to give a blind person feedback about features such as stairs and curbs. ?? ?? ?? ?? James Iswariah Mr. Greaves Candidate number: 9620 1 centre number: 56535 ...read more.

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